Aquilegia vulgaris Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
capon's-feather columbine European columbine European crowfoot granny bonnets granny's-bonnet

Aquilegia vulgaris L. is a species of columbine native to Europe. It is a flowering herbaceous perennial plant growing to 1.2 m tall, with branched, thinly hairy stems. The leaves are pinnate, with the basal leaflets themselves trifoliate. The flowers, in various shades of purple, blue, pink and white, are pendent or horizontal with hooked spurs, and appear in early Summer.

Aquilegia vulgaris

Medical use

Economic importance of Aquilegia vulgaris

Environmental ornamental
Gene sources ornamental features
Medicines folklore
Vertebrate poisons mamals

Gallery

Aquilegia vulgaris Aquilegia vulgaris Aquilegia vulgaris Aquilegia vulgaris Aquilegia vulgaris Aquilegia vulgaris Aquilegia vulgaris Aquilegia vulgaris Aquilegia vulgaris Aquilegia vulgaris Aquilegia vulgaris Aquilegia vulgaris Aquilegia vulgaris Aquilegia vulgaris Aquilegia vulgaris

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Morocco
  • EUROPE
    Native
    • Northern Europe: Ireland; United Kingdom
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    • East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Russian Federation - European part ; Ukraine
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Croatia; Greece; Italy ; Macedonia; Montenegro; Serbia; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France ; Portugal; Spain

Biological activities

5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (64560 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (16140 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (21520 ppm)
Palmitoleic-acid found in Seed
Stearic-acid found in Seed (5100 ppm)
Allergenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (16140 ppm)
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Seed (16140 ppm)
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (16140 ppm)
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (64560 ppm)
Antiacne
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (64560 ppm)
Antialopecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (64560 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (16140 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (21520 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (64560 ppm)
Antiandrogenic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (64560 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (16140 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (21520 ppm)
Antiarteriosclerotic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (64560 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (64560 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Hcn found in Plant
Antibacterial
Lauric-acid found in Seed
Magnoflorine found in Root
Anticoronary
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (64560 ppm)
Antidote
Hcn found in Plant
Antieczemic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (64560 ppm)
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (64560 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (21520 ppm)
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (64560 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (64560 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (64560 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (16140 ppm)
Antileukotriene-D4
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (64560 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (16140 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (64560 ppm)
Antineuromuscular
Magnoflorine found in Root
Antioxidant
Lauric-acid found in Seed
Myristic-acid found in Seed
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (21520 ppm)
Antiprostatitic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (64560 ppm)
Antiseptic
Caprylic-acid found in Seed
Antispasmodic
Magnoflorine found in Root
Antitussive
Hcn found in Plant
Antiviral
Lauric-acid found in Seed
Bronchosedative
Hcn found in Plant
CNS-Depressant
Magnoflorine found in Root
COX-1-Inhibitor
Lauric-acid found in Seed
COX-2-Inhibitor
Lauric-acid found in Seed
Cancer-Preventive
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (64560 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Seed
Oleic-acid found in Seed (16140 ppm)
Candidicide
Caprylic-acid found in Seed
Lauric-acid found in Seed
Carcinogenic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (64560 ppm)
Choleretic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (16140 ppm)
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (64560 ppm)
Cosmetic
Myristic-acid found in Seed
Stearic-acid found in Seed (5100 ppm)
Curaroid
Magnoflorine found in Root
Dermatitigenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (16140 ppm)
FLavor
Oleic-acid found in Seed (16140 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (21520 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (5100 ppm)
Fungicide
Capric-acid found in Seed
Caprylic-acid found in Seed
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (21520 ppm)
Hepatoprotective
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (64560 ppm)
Hypercholesterolemic
Lauric-acid found in Seed
Myristic-acid found in Seed
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (21520 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (64560 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (16140 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (5100 ppm)
Hypotensive
Magnoflorine found in Root
Immunomodulator
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (64560 ppm)
Insecticide
Hcn found in Plant
Insectifuge
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (64560 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (16140 ppm)
Irritant
Capric-acid found in Seed
Caprylic-acid found in Seed
Oleic-acid found in Seed (16140 ppm)
Lubricant
Myristic-acid found in Seed
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (21520 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (5100 ppm)
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (64560 ppm)
Nematicide
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (64560 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Seed
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (21520 ppm)
PAF-Inhibitor
Magnoflorine found in Root
Paralytic
Magnoflorine found in Root
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Seed (16140 ppm)
Perfumery
Oleic-acid found in Seed (16140 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (5100 ppm)
Pesticide
Capric-acid found in Seed
Caprylic-acid found in Seed
Hcn found in Plant
Magnoflorine found in Root
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (21520 ppm)
Propecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (64560 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (16140 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (21520 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (5100 ppm)
Respirastimulant
Hcn found in Plant
Rodenticide
Hcn found in Plant
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (21520 ppm)
Palmitoleic-acid found in Seed
Suppository
Stearic-acid found in Seed (5100 ppm)
Toxic
Magnoflorine found in Root
Vasodilator
Magnoflorine found in Root
Vasomotor-Stimulant
Hcn found in Plant

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Aquilegnine Seed
Capric-acid Seed
Capronic-acid Seed
Caprylic-acid Seed
Delphinidin-3,5-diglucoside Plant
Fat Seed 269,000
Hcn Plant
Lauric-acid Seed
Linoleic-acid Seed 64,560
Lipase Seed
Magnoflorine Root
Myristic-acid Seed
Nitrile-glycoside Seed
Oleic-acid Seed 16,140
Palmitic-acid Seed 21,520
Palmitoleic-acid Seed
Protein Seed 206,000
Stearic-acid Seed 5,100
Trans-5,cis-9,cis-12-octdecatrienoic-acid Seed 161,000
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]