Apocynum androsaemifolium Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
bitter-root common dogbane spreading dogbane

Apocynum androsaemifolium is a flowering plant. It is common and widespread across most of the United States, Canada, and NE Mexico. Milky sap appears on broken stems. Leaf margin is entire and leaf venation is alternate. Its leaves appear as pointed ovals, while its flowers appear terminally on a stalk. The plant is poisonous, and should not be confused with milkweed, which is also poisonous due to the cardiac glycosides it contains. Compared to milkweed, dogbane has branching stems, hairs on the underside of the leaves, and no hair on the stems. Apocynum androsaemifolium subsp. androsaemifolium - E Canada, W United States Apocynum androsaemifolium var. griseum Bég. & Belosersky - Ontario, British Columbia, Washington State, Oregon, Idaho, Indiana, Michigan Apocynum androsaemifolium var. incanum A.DC. - widespread in Canada, United States, NE Mexico Apocynum androsaemifolium var. intermedium Woodson - Colorado Apocynum androsaemifolium subsp. pumilum B.Boivin - British Columbia, Washington State, Oregon, Idaho, California, Utah, Montana, Wyoming, Nevada Apocynum androsaemifolium var. tomentellum B.

Apocynum androsaemifolium

Medical use

Economic importance of Apocynum androsaemifolium

Medicines folklore
Vertebrate poisons mamals

Gallery

Apocynum androsaemifolium Apocynum androsaemifolium Apocynum androsaemifolium Apocynum androsaemifolium Apocynum androsaemifolium Apocynum androsaemifolium Apocynum androsaemifolium Apocynum androsaemifolium Apocynum androsaemifolium Apocynum androsaemifolium Apocynum androsaemifolium Apocynum androsaemifolium

Geografical distribution

  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Subarctic America: Canada - Northwest Territory, Yukon Territory
    • Eastern Canada: Canada - New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec
    • Western Canada: Canada - Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Saskatchewan
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, Iowa, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wisconsin
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Georgia , Kentucky, Maryland, North Carolina , South Carolina , Tennessee, Virginia
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - New Mexico, Texas
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah

Biological activities

Antiallergenic
Androsin found in Root
Antiarthritic
Apocynin found in Root
Antiasthmatic
Androsin found in Root
Antiatherosclerotic
Apocynin found in Root
Antibronchitic
Androsin found in Root
Anticarcinomic
Cymarin found in Plant
Anticolitic
Apocynin found in Root
Antiinflammatory
Apocynin found in Root
Antioxidant
Apocynin found in Root
Antirheumatic
Apocynin found in Root
Cardiac
Apocynin found in Root
Cardiotonic
Cymarin found in Plant
Cartilage-Sparing
Apocynin found in Root
Myocardiotonic
Cymarin found in Plant
Myotonic
Cymarin found in Plant
Pesticide
Cymarin found in Plant
Vasodilator
Cymarin found in Plant

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Acetovanillin Root
Androsin Root
Androsterol Plant
Apobioside Root
Apocymarin Root
Apocynamarin Plant
Apocynein Plant
Apocynin Root
Caoutchouc Plant
Cymarin Plant
Eo Root 160
Epuranol Root
Homoandrosterol Plant
K-strophanthin Root
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]