Anogeissus latifolia Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
buttontree dindiga-tree ghattitree gum-ghatti

Anogeissus latifolia is a species of small to medium-sized tree native to the India, Nepal, Myanmar, and Sri Lanka. Its common names are axlewood, bakli, dhau, dhawa, dhawra, or dhaora, takhian-nu, and raam. It is one of the most useful trees in India. Its leaves contain large amounts of gallotannins, and are used in India for tanning. The tree is the source of Indian gum, also known as ghatti gum, which is used for calico printing among other uses. The leaves are also fed on by the Antheraea paphia moth which produces the tassar silk, a form of wild silk of commercial importance.

Anogeissus latifolia

Medical use

Economic importance of Anogeissus latifolia

Fuels fuelwod
Materials gum/resin tanin/dyestuf wod
Medicines folklore

Gallery

Anogeissus latifolia Anogeissus latifolia Anogeissus latifolia Anogeissus latifolia Anogeissus latifolia Anogeissus latifolia Anogeissus latifolia Anogeissus latifolia Anogeissus latifolia Anogeissus latifolia

Geografical distribution

  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Native
    • Indian Subcontinent: India; Nepal; Pakistan ; Sri Lanka

Biological activities

5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
ACE-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
ATPase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Abortifacient
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Pyrogallol found in Plant
Acetylcholinergic
Glucose found in Plant
Adrenocorticotrophic
Chebulagic-acid found in Plant
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Allelochemic
Myricetin found in Plant
Pyrogallol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Allergenic
Quercetin found in Plant
Analgesic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Shikimic-acid found in Plant
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Fiber found in Leaf (242000 ppm)
Anthelmintic
Tannin found in Bark (150000 ppm);found in Leaf (329000 ppm)
AntiGTF
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
AntiHIV
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Ellagitannin found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Myricetin found in Plant
Procyanidin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Bark (150000 ppm);found in Leaf (329000 ppm)
AntiMRSA
Gallic-acid found in Plant
AntiPMS
Calcium found in Leaf (30300 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiadenovirus
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Antiaflatoxin
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiaggregant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiaging
Quercetin found in Plant
Antialcoholic
Fructose found in Plant
Antiallergenic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Myricetin found in Plant
Antiallergic
Calcium found in Leaf (30300 ppm)
Ellagitannin found in Plant
Procyanidin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antialzheimeran
Quercetin found in Plant
Antianaphylactic
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiangiogenic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Leaf (30300 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Leaf (30300 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Calcium found in Leaf (30300 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiasthmatic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiatherosclerotic
Calcium found in Leaf (30300 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antibiotic
Procyanidin found in Plant
Antibronchitic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Anticancer
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Shikimic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Bark (150000 ppm);found in Leaf (329000 ppm)
Anticarcinomic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Anticariogenic
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Bark (150000 ppm);found in Leaf (329000 ppm)
Anticataract
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Anticlastogen
Pyrogallol found in Plant
Anticlimacteric
Calcium found in Leaf (30300 ppm)
Anticolitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Anticomplementary
Quercetin found in Plant
Anticonvulsant
Shikimic-acid found in Plant
Anticystitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antidepressant
Calcium found in Leaf (30300 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antidermatitic
Pyrogallol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antidiabetic
Fiber found in Leaf (242000 ppm)
Fructose found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Xylose found in Plant
Antidiarrheic
Tannin found in Bark (150000 ppm);found in Leaf (329000 ppm)
Antidysenteric
Tannin found in Bark (150000 ppm);found in Leaf (329000 ppm)
Antiedemic
Glucose found in Plant
Procyanidin found in Plant
Antielastase
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiencephalitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiescherichic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiestrogenic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiexudative
Procyanidin found in Plant
Antifeedant
Myricetin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antifibrinolytic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Antifibrosarcomic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiflu
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antigastric
Myricetin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antigingivitic
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Myricetin found in Plant
Antigonadotrophic
Myricetin found in Plant
Antigonadotropic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antihangover
Fructose found in Plant
Antihepatotoxic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Glucose found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Bark (150000 ppm);found in Leaf (329000 ppm)
Antiherpetic
Chebulagic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antihistaminic
Myricetin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antihydrophobic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Leaf (30300 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Calcium found in Leaf (30300 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (242000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Bark (150000 ppm);found in Leaf (329000 ppm)
Antihyperthyroid
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Antiinflammatory
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Myricetin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Leaf (30300 ppm)
Antiketotic
Fructose found in Plant
Glucose found in Plant
Antileishmanic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antileukemic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antileukotriene
Quercetin found in Plant
Antilipolytic
Tannin found in Bark (150000 ppm);found in Leaf (329000 ppm)
Antilipoperoxidant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antilupus
Pyrogallol found in Plant
Antimalarial
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antimelanomic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antimenopausal
Calcium found in Leaf (30300 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antimutagenic
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Myricetin found in Plant
Pyrogallol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Bark (150000 ppm);found in Leaf (329000 ppm)
Antimyocarditic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antinauseant
Fructose found in Plant
Antinephritic
Tannin found in Bark (150000 ppm);found in Leaf (329000 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antinociceptive
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiobesity
Calcium found in Leaf (30300 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (242000 ppm)
Antiophidic
Tannin found in Bark (150000 ppm);found in Leaf (329000 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Calcium found in Leaf (30300 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Antioxidant
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Ellagitannin found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Myricetin found in Plant
Pyrogallol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Shikimic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Bark (150000 ppm);found in Leaf (329000 ppm)
Antipancreatitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiperiodontal
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiperiodontic
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Myricetin found in Plant
Antiperiodontitic
Calcium found in Leaf (30300 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Antiperistaltic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipermeability
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiperoxidant
Chebulagic-acid found in Plant
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipharyngitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiplaque
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Myricetin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiplasmodial
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipodriac
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipolio
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiproliferant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiprostanoid
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiproteolytic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Antipsoriac
Pyrogallol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiradicular
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Shikimic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Bark (150000 ppm);found in Leaf (329000 ppm)
Antirenitic
Tannin found in Bark (150000 ppm);found in Leaf (329000 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Calcium found in Leaf (30300 ppm)
Antiseptic
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Myricetin found in Plant
Pyrogallol found in Plant
Antispasmodic
Quercetin found in Plant
Shikimic-acid found in Plant
Antistaphylococcic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Antistress
Calcium found in Leaf (30300 ppm)
Antithiamin
Quercetin found in Plant
Antithrombic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antithyroid
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Antitic
Calcium found in Leaf (30300 ppm)
Antitrypanosomic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antitumor-Promoter
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Shikimic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Bark (150000 ppm);found in Leaf (329000 ppm)
Antitumor
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Ellagitannin found in Plant
Fiber found in Leaf (242000 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Shikimic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Bark (150000 ppm);found in Leaf (329000 ppm)
Antiulcer
Fiber found in Leaf (242000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Bark (150000 ppm);found in Leaf (329000 ppm)
Antivaricose
Glucose found in Plant
Antiviral
Chebulagic-acid found in Plant
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Myricetin found in Plant
Procyanidin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Bark (150000 ppm);found in Leaf (329000 ppm)
Antiyeast
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Leaf (30300 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Apoptotic
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Myricetin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Astringent
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Bacteristat
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Leaf (242000 ppm)
Bradycardiac
Quercetin found in Plant
Bronchodilator
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Bruchifuge
Shikimic-acid found in Plant
CNS-Active
Pyrogallol found in Plant
COMP-Inhibitor
Myricetin found in Plant
COMT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
COX-2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Leaf (30300 ppm)
Calmodulin-Antagonist
Quercetin found in Plant
Cancer-Preventive
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Fiber found in Leaf (242000 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Myricetin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Shikimic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Bark (150000 ppm);found in Leaf (329000 ppm)
Candida-SAP-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Candidicide
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Myricetin found in Plant
Pyrogallol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Capillariprotective
Procyanidin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Carcinogenic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Shikimic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Bark (150000 ppm);found in Leaf (329000 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Fiber found in Leaf (242000 ppm)
Cardiotoxic
Ellagitannin found in Plant
Gallo-tannin found in Plant
Cardiovascular
Pyrogallol found in Plant
Catabolic
Quercetin found in Plant
Chelator
Tannin found in Bark (150000 ppm);found in Leaf (329000 ppm)
Choleretic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Quinic-acid found in Plant
Copper-Chelator
Quercetin found in Plant
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Bark (150000 ppm);found in Leaf (329000 ppm)
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Detoxicant
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Diagnostic
Xylose found in Plant
Differentiator
Quercetin found in Plant
Diuretic
Calcium found in Leaf (30300 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (242000 ppm)
Myricetin found in Plant
Dye
Pyrogallol found in Plant
Xylose found in Plant
Ecbolic
Pyrogallol found in Plant
Estrogenic
Quercetin found in Plant
Floral-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Fungicide
Pyrogallol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Bark (150000 ppm);found in Leaf (329000 ppm)
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Hemostat
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Hemostatic
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Hepatomagenic
Quercetin found in Plant
Hepatoprotective
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Bark (150000 ppm);found in Leaf (329000 ppm)
Hyaluronidase-Inhibitor
Procyanidin found in Plant
Hyperglycemic
Glucose found in Plant
Hypocholesterolemic
Calcium found in Leaf (30300 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (242000 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Myricetin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Hypotensive
Calcium found in Leaf (30300 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (242000 ppm)
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Leaf (242000 ppm)
Ileorelaxant
Shikimic-acid found in Plant
Immunomodulator
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Immunostimulant
Ellagitannin found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Phosphorus found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Bark (150000 ppm);found in Leaf (329000 ppm)
Inotropic
Quercetin found in Plant
Insulin-Sparing
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Pyrogallol found in Plant
Insulinogenic
Quercetin found in Plant
Interferonogenic
Ellagitannin found in Plant
Irritant
Pyrogallol found in Plant
Juvabional
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Larvistat
Myricetin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Laxative
Calcium found in Leaf (30300 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (242000 ppm)
Fructose found in Plant
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Myricetin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Bark (150000 ppm);found in Leaf (329000 ppm)
Lypolytic
Chebulagic-acid found in Plant
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
MAO-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Bark (150000 ppm);found in Leaf (329000 ppm)
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Quercetin found in Plant
Memory-Enhancer
Glucose found in Plant
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Mutagenic
Myricetin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Shikimic-acid found in Plant
Myorelaxant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
NEP-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
NO-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Neoplastic
Fructose found in Plant
Nephrotoxic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Pyrogallol found in Plant
Neuroprotective
Quercetin found in Plant
Nigrifacient
Pyrogallol found in Plant
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Bark (150000 ppm);found in Leaf (329000 ppm)
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Leaf (3400 ppm)
Oxidase-Inhibitor
Myricetin found in Plant
P450-Inducer
Quercetin found in Plant
P450-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
PGE2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
PTK-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Pesticide
Chebulagic-acid found in Plant
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Myricetin found in Plant
Procyanidin found in Plant
Pyrogallol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Shikimic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Bark (150000 ppm);found in Leaf (329000 ppm)
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Plasmodicide
Quercetin found in Plant
Proliferant
Quercetin found in Plant
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Pyrogallol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Psychotropic
Tannin found in Bark (150000 ppm);found in Leaf (329000 ppm)
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Myricetin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Reverse-Transcriptase-Inhibitor
Ellagitannin found in Plant
Gallo-tannin found in Plant
Styptic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Sunscreen
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Sweetener
Fructose found in Plant
Galactose found in Gum
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Teratologic
Quercetin found in Plant
Topoisomerase-I-Antagonist
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Chebulagic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Myricetin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Chebulagic-acid found in Plant
Myricetin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Toxic
Pyrogallol found in Plant
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Leaf (30300 ppm)
Tumorigenic
Quercetin found in Plant
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Myricetin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
VEGF-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Vasodilator
Calcium found in Leaf (30300 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (242000 ppm)
Myricetin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Procyanidin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Bark (150000 ppm);found in Leaf (329000 ppm)
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
iNOS-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
(+)-leucocyanidin Plant
2-o-(beta-d-glucuronosyl-uronic-acid)-d-mannose Plant
2-o-beta-d-glucuronosyl-d-mannose Plant
2-o-beta-d-glucuronosyl-glycerol Plant
2-o-beta-d-glucuropyranosyl-glycerol Plant
3,3',4-tri-o-methyl-ellagic-acid Plant
3,3',4-tri-o-methylflavellagic-acid Plant
3,3',4-tri-o-methylflavellagic-acid-4'-beta-d-glucoside Plant
3,3'-di-o-methyl-ellagic-acid Plant
3,3'-di-o-methyl-ellagic-acid-4'-beta-d-glucoside Plant
3,3'-di-o-methyl-ellagic-acid-4'-beta-d-xyloside Plant
3,3'-dimethylether Plant
3,4,3,trimethyl-ether Plant
5-dehydroshikimic-acid Plant
Aldobiouronic-acid Plant
Aldobiouronic-acid-6-o-beta-d-glucuronysl-d-galactose Plant
Aldotriouronic-acid Plant
Arabinose Plant
Ash Leaf 95,000
Calcium Leaf 30,300
Carbohydrates Leaf 694,000
Chebulagic-acid Plant
Corilagen Plant
D-glucuronic-acid Plant
Dihydroshikimic-acid Plant
Ellagic-acid Plant
Ellagitannin Plant
Fat Leaf 36,000
Fiber Leaf 242,000
Fructose Plant
Galactose Gum
Gallic-acid Plant
Gallo-tannin Plant
Glucose Plant
Leucoanthocyanidin Plant
Methyl-pentose Plant
Myricetin Plant
O-(beta-d-glucuronosyl-uronic-acid)-(1,2)-o-d-mannopyranosyl-(1,2)-d-mann0se Plant
Pentose Gum
Peroxidase Plant
Phosphorus Leaf 3,400
Polyphenol-oxidase Plant
Procyanidin Plant
Protein Leaf 75,000
Pyrogallol Plant
Quercetin Plant
Quinic-acid Plant
Rhamnose Plant
Shikimic-acid Plant
Sitosterol Plant
Tannase Plant
Tannin Bark 100,000 150,000
Leaf 322,000 329,000
Trigallic-acid Plant
Trimethyl-ether Plant
Tugallic-acid Plant
Uronic-acid Plant
Water Leaf 123,000 128,000
Xylose Plant
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]