Annona glabra Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
alligator-apple corkwood cow-apple mangrove anona monkey-apple pond-apple

Annona glabra is a tropical fruit tree in the family Annonaceae, in the same genus as the Soursop and Cherimoya. Common names include Pond-apple, Alligator-apple Swamp apple, Corkwood, Bobwood, and Monkey-apple. The tree is native to Florida in the United States, the Caribbean, Central and South America, and West Africa. It is common in the Everglades. It grows in swamps, is tolerant of saltwater, and cannot grow in dry soil.

Annona glabra

Medical use

Economic importance of Annona glabra

Human food fruit
Gene sources graft stock for Anona
Medicines folklore

Gallery

Annona glabra Annona glabra Annona glabra Annona glabra Annona glabra Annona glabra Annona glabra Annona glabra Annona glabra

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Cameroon; Gabon; Sao Tome and Principe
    • West Tropical Africa: Cote D'Ivoire; Gambia; Guinea; Liberia; Nigeria; Senegal; Sierra Leone
    Cultivated
    • West Tropical Africa: Ghana
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Cultivated
    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Taiwan
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Naturalized
    • Indian Subcontinent: Sri Lanka
    Cultivated
    • Malesia: Malaysia; Philippines
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Naturalized
    • Australia: Australia
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Florida
    • Mexico
  • PACIFIC
    Naturalized
    • Southwestern Pacific: Fiji
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Caribbean: Antigua and Barbuda; Bahamas; Cuba; Dominica; Grenada; Guadeloupe; Hispaniola; Jamaica; Martinique; Montserrat; St. Lucia; St. Vincent and Grenadines
    • Mesoamerica: Belize; Costa Rica; Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua; Panama
    • Northern South America: French Guiana; Guyana; Suriname; Venezuela
    • Brazil: Brazil
    • Western South America: Colombia; Ecuador
    Cultivated
    • Northern South America: Venezuela

Biological activities

Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1590 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1590 ppm)
Allergenic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (45 ppm)
Analgesic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1590 ppm)
Liriodenine found in Plant
Reticuline found in Plant
Thiamin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1590 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (288000 ppm)
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1590 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1590 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1590 ppm)
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1590 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (45 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (5 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (3940 ppm)
Antiacne
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Fruit (45 ppm)
Antiaggregant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1590 ppm)
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1590 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Fruit (175 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Thiamin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Antiallergic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1590 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (3940 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (45 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1590 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (45 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Fruit (45 ppm)
Antianemic
Iron found in Fruit (175 ppm)
Antianginal
Niacin found in Fruit (45 ppm)
Antianorectic
Thiamin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Fruit (3940 ppm)
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Fruit (5 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Fruit (3940 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1590 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (3940 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1590 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1590 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (3940 ppm)
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Antibacterial
Anonaine found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1590 ppm)
Liriodenine found in Plant
Reticuline found in Plant
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Anticancer
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Anticanker
Iron found in Fruit (175 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Anticardiospasmic
Thiamin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Fruit (5 ppm)
Anticataract
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1590 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (45 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (5 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Riboflavin found in Fruit (5 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1590 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (5 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Fruit (175 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (5 ppm)
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Fruit (45 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1590 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (3940 ppm)
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1590 ppm)
Anticolitic
Thiamin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Niacin found in Fruit (45 ppm)
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1590 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (5 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Antideliriant
Thiamin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Antidementia
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1590 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (45 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1590 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (3940 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Niacin found in Fruit (45 ppm)
Antidermatophytic
Liriodenine found in Plant
Antidiabetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1590 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (288000 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (45 ppm)
Antidopaminergic
Reticuline found in Plant
Antidyspeptic
Thiamin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Fruit (45 ppm)
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1590 ppm)
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1590 ppm)
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1590 ppm)
Antiencephalopathic
Thiamin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1590 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Niacin found in Fruit (45 ppm)
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1590 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Antifeedant
Isoboldine found in Plant
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1590 ppm)
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1590 ppm)
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1590 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1590 ppm)
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1590 ppm)
Antiglossitic
Riboflavin found in Fruit (5 ppm)
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1590 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (45 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Antiheartburn
Thiamin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1590 ppm)
Antihepatitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1590 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1590 ppm)
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1590 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1590 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (45 ppm)
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Fruit (45 ppm)
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Fruit (3940 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1590 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (3940 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (288000 ppm)
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1590 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1590 ppm)
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Fruit (3940 ppm)
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Fruit (45 ppm)
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Fruit (5 ppm)
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1590 ppm)
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1590 ppm)
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1590 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1590 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1590 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (3940 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Fruit (175 ppm)
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1590 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (5 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1590 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Antimyocarditic
Thiamin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Niacin found in Fruit (45 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1590 ppm)
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thiamin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Thiamin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1590 ppm)
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1590 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (3940 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (288000 ppm)
Isoboldine found in Plant
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1590 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1590 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1590 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (3940 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Fruit (1820 ppm)
Antioxidant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1590 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (5 ppm)
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1590 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (45 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1590 ppm)
Antipellagric
Niacin found in Fruit (45 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (5 ppm)
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1590 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (3940 ppm)
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (5 ppm)
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Antipneumonic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1590 ppm)
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1590 ppm)
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1590 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Antipsoriac
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1590 ppm)
Antiradicular
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1590 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1590 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1590 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (3940 ppm)
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1590 ppm)
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1590 ppm)
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Fruit (45 ppm)
Antiseptic
Anonaine found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1590 ppm)
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1590 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1590 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (45 ppm)
Nornuciferine found in Plant
Reticuline found in Plant
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1590 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (3940 ppm)
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1590 ppm)
Antitic
Calcium found in Fruit (3940 ppm)
Antitumor
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (288000 ppm)
Liriodenine found in Plant
Antiulcer
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1590 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (288000 ppm)
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Fruit (45 ppm)
Antiviral
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1590 ppm)
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Fruit (3940 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Fruit (1820 ppm)
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1590 ppm)
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1590 ppm)
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Fruit (288000 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1590 ppm)
CNS-Stimulant
Reticuline found in Plant
COX-1-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (23 ppm)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1590 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Fruit (3940 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1590 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (288000 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (45 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (5 ppm)
Candidicide
Anonaine found in Plant
Liriodenine found in Plant
Cardioprotective
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1590 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (288000 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (45 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Circulotonic
Niacin found in Fruit (45 ppm)
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1590 ppm)
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1590 ppm)
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Convulsant
Reticuline found in Plant
Cytotoxic
Anonaine found in Plant
Liriodenine found in Plant
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1590 ppm)
Diuretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1590 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (3940 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (288000 ppm)
Dopamine-Adenylate-Cyclase-Inhibitor
Anonaine found in Plant
Isoboldine found in Plant
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Fruit (45 ppm)
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1590 ppm)
Fungicide
Anonaine found in Plant
Isoboldine found in Plant
Liriodenine found in Plant
Reticuline found in Plant
Gastroprotective
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Hepatoprotective
Niacin found in Fruit (45 ppm)
Hepatotoxic
Niacin found in Fruit (45 ppm)
Hyperthermic
Reticuline found in Plant
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1590 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (3940 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (288000 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (45 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1590 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (45 ppm)
Hypolipidemic
Niacin found in Fruit (45 ppm)
Hypotensive
Anonaine found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1590 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (3940 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (288000 ppm)
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Fruit (288000 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1590 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1590 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Fruit (1820 ppm)
Insecticide
Anonaine found in Plant
Insectifuge
Thiamin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1590 ppm)
Laxative
Calcium found in Fruit (3940 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (288000 ppm)
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1590 ppm)
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1590 ppm)
Mycoplasmicide
Anonaine found in Plant
Neuroprotective
Thiamin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Fruit (1820 ppm)
Pesticide
Anonaine found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1590 ppm)
Isoboldine found in Plant
Liriodenine found in Plant
Reticuline found in Plant
Thiamin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Iron found in Fruit (175 ppm)
Pyrogenic
Reticuline found in Plant
Sedative
Liriodenine found in Plant
Niacin found in Fruit (45 ppm)
Serotoninergic
Niacin found in Fruit (45 ppm)
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Liriodenine found in Plant
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Fruit (3940 ppm)
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (23 ppm)
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1590 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1590 ppm)
Vasodilator
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1590 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (3940 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (288000 ppm)
Liriodenine found in Plant
Niacin found in Fruit (45 ppm)
Vulnerary
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1590 ppm)

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Anolobine Plant
Anonaine Plant
Ascorbic-acid Fruit 210 1,590
Ash Fruit 9,000 68,000
Asimilobine Plant
Beta-carotene Fruit 3 23
Calcium Fruit 520 3,940
Carbohydrates Fruit 103,000 780,000
Fat Fruit 16,000 121,000
Fiber Fruit 38,000 288,000
Iron Fruit 23 175
Isoboldine Plant
Kilocalories Fruit 520 3,940
Liriodenine Plant
N-methyl-actinodaphnine Plant
Niacin Fruit 6 45
Nornuciferine Plant
Norushinsunine Plant
Phosphorus Fruit 240 1,820
Protein Fruit 4,000 30,000
Reticuline Plant
Riboflavin Fruit 0.7 5
Roemerine Plant
Thiamin Fruit 0.4 3
Water Fruit 860,000
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]