Angelica sinensis Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
Chinese angelica

Angelica sinensis, commonly known as dong quai or "female ginseng" is a herb from the family Apiaceae, indigenous to China.

Angelica sinensis

Medical use

Economic importance of Angelica sinensis

Medicines folklore

Gallery

Angelica sinensis Angelica sinensis Angelica sinensis Angelica sinensis Angelica sinensis Angelica sinensis Angelica sinensis Angelica sinensis Angelica sinensis Angelica sinensis Angelica sinensis Angelica sinensis

Geografical distribution

  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • China: China - Gansu, Hubei, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan
    Cultivated
    • China: China
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Cultivated
    • Indo-China: Vietnam

Biological activities

5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Arachidonic-acid found in Root
Linoleic-acid found in Root
Oleic-acid found in Root
Palmitic-acid found in Root
Stearic-acid found in Root
5-HETE-Inhibitor
Vitamin-e found in Root (77 ppm)
ACE-Inhibitor
Zinc found in Root (17 ppm);found in Root
AP-1-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Root (0.4 ppm);found in Root (0.35 ppm)
Absorbent
Starch found in Root (150000 ppm)
Acaricide
Butylidene-phthalide found in Root
Acetylcholinergic
Glucose found in Root
Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (304 ppm);found in Root (304 ppm)
Additive
Succinic-acid found in Root
Adjuvant
Cystine found in Root
Aggregant
Sucrose found in Root
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (304 ppm);found in Root (304 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Root
Umbelliferone found in Root
Allelochemic
Alpha-pinene found in Root
Scopoletin found in Root
Umbelliferone found in Root
Allelopathic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant (940 ppm);found in Root
Allergenic
Alpha-pinene found in Root
Beta-carotene found in Root (1.2 ppm);found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Falcarinol found in Root
Niacin found in Root (68 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Root
Vitamin-e found in Root (77 ppm)
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Root
Analeptic
Gaba found in Root
Gamma-aminobutyric-acid found in Root
Analgesic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (304 ppm);found in Root (304 ppm)
Falcarindiol found in Root
Falcarinol found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Plant (940 ppm);found in Root
P-cymene found in Root
Scopoletin found in Root
Selenium found in Root (0.4 ppm);found in Root (0.35 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root
Tryptophan found in Root
Vitamin-e found in Root (77 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (17 ppm);found in Root
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Root
Anesthetic
Carvacrol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Safrole found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Scopoletin found in Root
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (304 ppm);found in Root (304 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (172000 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (16800 ppm);found in Root (10700 ppm)
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Selenium found in Root (0.4 ppm);found in Root (0.35 ppm)
Anthelmintic
Carvacrol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
AntiADD
Phenylalanine found in Root
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (304 ppm);found in Root (304 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm)
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Root (17 ppm);found in Root
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (304 ppm);found in Root (304 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2650 ppm);found in Root (2650 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (304 ppm);found in Root (304 ppm)
AntiHIV
Selenium found in Root (0.4 ppm);found in Root (0.35 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (17 ppm);found in Root
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (304 ppm);found in Root (304 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2650 ppm);found in Root (2650 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (68 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (3.4 ppm);found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (2650 ppm);found in Root (2650 ppm)
Vitamin-e found in Root (77 ppm)
AntiNF-kB
Selenium found in Root (0.4 ppm);found in Root (0.35 ppm)
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Root (1.2 ppm);found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (2820 ppm);found in Root (2820 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2650 ppm);found in Root (2650 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (71 ppm);found in Root (2.6 ppm)
Vitamin-e found in Root (77 ppm)
AntiSpina-Bifida
Folic-acid found in Root
Antiacetylcholinesterase
P-cymene found in Root
Antiacid
Glycine found in Root
Antiacne
Alpha-pinene found in Root
Beta-carotene found in Root (1.2 ppm);found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Root
Selenium found in Root (0.4 ppm);found in Root (0.35 ppm)
Tin found in Root (4 ppm);found in Root (4 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (17 ppm);found in Root
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Root (17 ppm);found in Root
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Root (68 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Antiadrenergic
Scopoletin found in Root
Antiaflatoxin
Scopoletin found in Root
Antiaggregant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (304 ppm);found in Root (304 ppm)
Bergapten found in Root
Falcarindiol found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Plant (940 ppm);found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (2650 ppm);found in Root (2650 ppm)
Safrole found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Selenium found in Root (0.4 ppm);found in Root (0.35 ppm)
Vitamin-e found in Root (77 ppm)
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (304 ppm);found in Root (304 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (1.2 ppm);found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Vitamin-e found in Root (77 ppm)
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Root (750 ppm);found in Root (88 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Fructose found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (2650 ppm);found in Root (2650 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (71 ppm);found in Root (2.6 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root
Zinc found in Root (17 ppm);found in Root
Antialdosteronic
Glycine found in Root
Antialkalotic
Lysine found in Root
Antiallergic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (304 ppm);found in Root (304 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (2820 ppm);found in Root (2820 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant (940 ppm);found in Root
Niacin found in Root (68 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Root
Antialopecic
Biotin found in Root
Linoleic-acid found in Root
Oleic-acid found in Root
Palmitic-acid found in Root
Zinc found in Root (17 ppm);found in Root
Antialzheimeran
Alpha-tocopherol found in Root
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (304 ppm);found in Root (304 ppm)
Choline found in Root (2470 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (68 ppm)
Phosphatidyl-choline found in Root
Thiamin found in Root
Vitamin-e found in Root (77 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (17 ppm);found in Root
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Root (68 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Linoleic-acid found in Root
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Linoleic-acid found in Root
Oleic-acid found in Root
Palmitic-acid found in Root
Antianemic
Adenine found in Root
Copper found in Root (5 ppm)
Folic-acid found in Root
Iron found in Root (750 ppm);found in Root (88 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (71 ppm);found in Root (2.6 ppm)
Antianginal
Alpha-tocopherol found in Root
Butylidene-phthalide found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (2650 ppm);found in Root (2650 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (68 ppm)
Vitamin-e found in Root (77 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Selenium found in Root (0.4 ppm);found in Root (0.35 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (17 ppm);found in Root
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Root (2650 ppm);found in Root (2650 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Root (17 ppm);found in Root
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Root (2820 ppm);found in Root (2820 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2650 ppm);found in Root (2650 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root
Antiapertif
Bergapten found in Root
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Root (3.4 ppm);found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Butylidene-phthalide found in Root
Calcium found in Root (2820 ppm);found in Root (2820 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant (940 ppm);found in Root
Ligustilide found in Essential Oil (450000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Root Essent. Oil (739800 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2650 ppm);found in Root (2650 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (16800 ppm);found in Root (10700 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Root
Antiarteriosclerotic
Histidine found in Root
Linoleic-acid found in Root
Silicon found in Root (3.4 ppm);found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Vitamin-e found in Root (77 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Root
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (304 ppm);found in Root (304 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (1.2 ppm);found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (2820 ppm);found in Root (2820 ppm)
Copper found in Root (5 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (2650 ppm);found in Root (2650 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (71 ppm);found in Root (2.6 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Root
Selenium found in Root (0.4 ppm);found in Root (0.35 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (17 ppm);found in Root
Antiasthmatic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Root
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (304 ppm);found in Root (304 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (1.2 ppm);found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Ligustilide found in Essential Oil (450000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Root Essent. Oil (739800 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2650 ppm);found in Root (2650 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Root
Selenium found in Root (0.4 ppm);found in Root (0.35 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Root
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (304 ppm);found in Root (304 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (2820 ppm);found in Root (2820 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Chromium found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2650 ppm);found in Root (2650 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (0.4 ppm);found in Root (0.35 ppm)
Vitamin-e found in Root (77 ppm)
Antibacillary
P-cymene found in Root
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Root
Antibacterial
Alpha-pinene found in Root
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (304 ppm);found in Root (304 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Carvacrol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Falcarindiol found in Root
Falcarinol found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Plant (940 ppm);found in Root
P-cymene found in Root
Safrole found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Scopoletin found in Root
Tin found in Root (4 ppm);found in Root (4 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Root
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Root
Antibronchitic
Vitamin-e found in Root (77 ppm)
Antibronchoconstrictor
Scopoletin found in Root
Anticancer
Alpha-tocopherol found in Root
Beta-carotene found in Root (1.2 ppm);found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Falcarinol found in Root
Anticanker
Iron found in Root (750 ppm);found in Root (88 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root
Zinc found in Root (17 ppm);found in Root
Anticarcinogenic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant (940 ppm);found in Root
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Root (1.2 ppm);found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Anticardiospasmic
Thiamin found in Root
Anticariogenic
Vitamin-e found in Root (77 ppm)
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Root (3.4 ppm);found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Anticataract
Alpha-tocopherol found in Root
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (304 ppm);found in Root (304 ppm)
Methionine found in Root
Niacin found in Root (68 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (3.4 ppm);found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (0.4 ppm);found in Root (0.35 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root
Vitamin-e found in Root (77 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (17 ppm);found in Root
Anticephalagic
Gaba found in Root
Gamma-aminobutyric-acid found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (2650 ppm);found in Root (2650 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Root
Riboflavin found in Root (3.4 ppm);found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Anticerebrotic
Gaba found in Root
Gamma-aminobutyric-acid found in Root
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (304 ppm);found in Root (304 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (1.2 ppm);found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Folic-acid found in Root
Riboflavin found in Root (3.4 ppm);found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Folic-acid found in Root
Iron found in Root (750 ppm);found in Root (88 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (3.4 ppm);found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Root (68 ppm)
Nicotinic-acid found in Root
Antichorea
Vitamin-e found in Root (77 ppm)
Antichoreic
Choline found in Root (2470 ppm)
Gaba found in Root
Gamma-aminobutyric-acid found in Root
Anticirrhotic
Choline found in Root (2470 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (0.4 ppm);found in Root (0.35 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (304 ppm);found in Root (304 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (2820 ppm);found in Root (2820 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2650 ppm);found in Root (2650 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (0.4 ppm);found in Root (0.35 ppm)
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Root (17 ppm);found in Root
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (304 ppm);found in Root (304 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (17 ppm);found in Root
Anticolitic
Thiamin found in Root
Zinc found in Root (17 ppm);found in Root
Anticonstrictive
Butylidene-phthalide found in Root
Ligustilide found in Essential Oil (450000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Root Essent. Oil (739800 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Alpha-tocopherol found in Root
Bergapten found in Root
Gaba found in Root
Gamma-aminobutyric-acid found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (2650 ppm);found in Root (2650 ppm)
N-butylphthalide found in Root
Niacin found in Root (68 ppm)
Safrole found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Anticorneotic
Chromium found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Root (1.2 ppm);found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Folic-acid found in Root
Linoleic-acid found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (2650 ppm);found in Root (2650 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (0.4 ppm);found in Root (0.35 ppm)
Vitamin-e found in Root (77 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (17 ppm);found in Root
Anticystinuric
Choline found in Root (2470 ppm)
Antidandruff
Selenium found in Root (0.4 ppm);found in Root (0.35 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (17 ppm);found in Root
Antideliriant
Thiamin found in Root
Antidementia
Alpha-tocopherol found in Root
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (304 ppm);found in Root (304 ppm)
Choline found in Root (2470 ppm)
Folic-acid found in Root
Niacin found in Root (68 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root
Tryptophan found in Root
Zinc found in Root (17 ppm);found in Root
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (304 ppm);found in Root (304 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (2820 ppm);found in Root (2820 ppm)
Folic-acid found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (2650 ppm);found in Root (2650 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Root
Potassium found in Root (16800 ppm);found in Root (10700 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (0.4 ppm);found in Root (0.35 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root
Antidermatitic
Arachidonic-acid found in Root
Biotin found in Root
Niacin found in Root (68 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Root
Vitamin-e found in Root (77 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Root
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (304 ppm);found in Root (304 ppm)
Choline found in Root (2470 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Copper found in Root (5 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (172000 ppm)
Fructose found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (2650 ppm);found in Root (2650 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (71 ppm);found in Root (2.6 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (68 ppm)
Vitamin-e found in Root (77 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (17 ppm);found in Root
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Root (71 ppm);found in Root (2.6 ppm)
Antidiuretic
Carvacrol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Root (17 ppm);found in Root
Antidysmenorrheic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant (940 ppm);found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (2650 ppm);found in Root (2650 ppm)
Vitamin-e found in Root (77 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Root (68 ppm)
Antieczemic
Arachidonic-acid found in Root
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (304 ppm);found in Root (304 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Root
Methionine found in Root
Zinc found in Root (17 ppm);found in Root
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (304 ppm);found in Root (304 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Glucose found in Root
Scopoletin found in Root
Umbelliferone found in Root
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (304 ppm);found in Root (304 ppm)
Antiencephalopathic
Arginine found in Root
Glycine found in Root
Leucine found in Root
Thiamin found in Root
Tyrosine found in Root
Valine found in Root
Zinc found in Root (17 ppm);found in Root
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (304 ppm);found in Root (304 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2650 ppm);found in Root (2650 ppm)
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Root (2650 ppm);found in Root (2650 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Glutamic-acid found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (2650 ppm);found in Root (2650 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (71 ppm);found in Root (2.6 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (68 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (17 ppm);found in Root
Antiepitheleomic
Vitamin-e found in Root (77 ppm)
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Plant (940 ppm);found in Root
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (304 ppm);found in Root (304 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Copper found in Root (5 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2650 ppm);found in Root (2650 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Root
Potassium found in Root (16800 ppm);found in Root (10700 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root
Antifeedant
Alpha-pinene found in Root
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Cadinene found in Root
Scopoletin found in Root
Succinic-acid found in Root
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Root
Palmitic-acid found in Root
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Root (2650 ppm);found in Root (2650 ppm)
Antifibrositic
Vitamin-e found in Root (77 ppm)
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (304 ppm);found in Root (304 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (0.4 ppm);found in Root (0.35 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (17 ppm);found in Root
Antiflu
Alpha-pinene found in Root
P-cymene found in Root
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Root (17 ppm);found in Root
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (304 ppm);found in Root (304 ppm)
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (304 ppm);found in Root (304 ppm)
Glycine found in Root
Thiamin found in Root
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Root (2650 ppm);found in Root (2650 ppm)
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (304 ppm);found in Root (304 ppm)
Folic-acid found in Root
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (304 ppm);found in Root (304 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2650 ppm);found in Root (2650 ppm)
Antiglossitic
Folic-acid found in Root
Riboflavin found in Root (3.4 ppm);found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Antiglycosuric
Chromium found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Antigout
Folic-acid found in Root
Selenium found in Root (0.4 ppm);found in Root (0.35 ppm)
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Root
Antigranulocytopenic
Adenine found in Root
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (304 ppm);found in Root (304 ppm)
Fructose found in Root
Niacin found in Root (68 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root
Zinc found in Root (17 ppm);found in Root
Antiheartburn
Thiamin found in Root
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (304 ppm);found in Root (304 ppm)
Antihepatitic
Arginine found in Root
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (304 ppm);found in Root (304 ppm)
Antihepatotic
Methionine found in Root
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (304 ppm);found in Root (304 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant (940 ppm);found in Root
Glucose found in Root
Lignoceric-acid found in Root
Scopoletin found in Root
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (304 ppm);found in Root (304 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant (940 ppm);found in Root
Lysine found in Root
Thiamin found in Root
Vitamin-e found in Root (77 ppm)
Antihiccup
Sucrose found in Root
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (304 ppm);found in Root (304 ppm)
Bergapten found in Root
Linoleic-acid found in Root
Niacin found in Root (68 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Root
Antihomocysteine
Choline found in Root (2470 ppm)
Antihomocystinuric
Cystine found in Root
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Root (68 ppm)
Antihyperammonemic
Glutamic-acid found in Root
Antihypercholesterolemic
Pantothenic-acid found in Root
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Root (1.2 ppm);found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Root (2820 ppm);found in Root (2820 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2650 ppm);found in Root (2650 ppm)
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Antihypertensive
Arginine found in Root
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (304 ppm);found in Root (304 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (2820 ppm);found in Root (2820 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (172000 ppm)
Gaba found in Root
Gamma-aminobutyric-acid found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (2650 ppm);found in Root (2650 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (16800 ppm);found in Root (10700 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Root (2650 ppm);found in Root (2650 ppm)
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Root (1.2 ppm);found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Antiimpotence
Arginine found in Root
Zinc found in Root (17 ppm);found in Root
Antiinfarctal
Alpha-tocopherol found in Root
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Root (17 ppm);found in Root
Antiinfertility
Alpha-tocopherol found in Root
Arginine found in Root
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (304 ppm);found in Root (304 ppm)
Folic-acid found in Root
Zinc found in Root (17 ppm);found in Root
Antiinflammatory
Alpha-pinene found in Root
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (304 ppm);found in Root (304 ppm)
Bergapten found in Root
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Butylidene-phthalide found in Root
Carvacrol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Copper found in Root (5 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant (940 ppm);found in Root
Linoleic-acid found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (2650 ppm);found in Root (2650 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Root
Scopoletin found in Root
Umbelliferone found in Root
Vitamin-e found in Root (77 ppm)
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Root (2820 ppm);found in Root (2820 ppm)
Gaba found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (2650 ppm);found in Root (2650 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root
Zinc found in Root (17 ppm);found in Root
Antiinsomnic
Gamma-aminobutyric-acid found in Root
Niacin found in Root (68 ppm)
Antiischaemic
Vitamin-e found in Root (77 ppm)
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Root (3.4 ppm);found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Antiketotic
Fructose found in Root
Glucose found in Root
Antileukemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Plant (940 ppm);found in Root
Selenium found in Root (0.4 ppm);found in Root (0.35 ppm)
Vitamin-e found in Root (77 ppm)
Antileukodermic
Bergapten found in Root
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Root (17 ppm);found in Root
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Root (1.2 ppm);found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Antileukotriene-B4
Arachidonic-acid found in Root
Antileukotriene-D4
Linoleic-acid found in Root
Oleic-acid found in Root
Antileukotriene
Selenium found in Root (0.4 ppm);found in Root (0.35 ppm)
Vitamin-e found in Root (77 ppm)
Antileukotrienogenic
Scopoletin found in Root
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Root (1.2 ppm);found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (304 ppm);found in Root (304 ppm)
Glutamic-acid found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (2650 ppm);found in Root (2650 ppm)
Vitamin-e found in Root (77 ppm)
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Root (1.2 ppm);found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Vitamin-e found in Root (77 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Root
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (304 ppm);found in Root (304 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (1.2 ppm);found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (0.4 ppm);found in Root (0.35 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (17 ppm);found in Root
Antimanic
Choline found in Root (2470 ppm)
Phosphatidyl-choline found in Root
Tryptophan found in Root
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (304 ppm);found in Root (304 ppm)
Antimelanomic
Carvacrol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Falcarinol found in Root
Selenium found in Root (0.4 ppm);found in Root (0.35 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (304 ppm);found in Root (304 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (2820 ppm);found in Root (2820 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2650 ppm);found in Root (2650 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (0.4 ppm);found in Root (0.35 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Root (750 ppm);found in Root (88 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Root
Antimetastatic
Selenium found in Root (0.4 ppm);found in Root (0.35 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (17 ppm);found in Root
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (304 ppm);found in Root (304 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2650 ppm);found in Root (2650 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (3.4 ppm);found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root
Tryptophan found in Root
Antimitotic
Bergapten found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Plant (940 ppm);found in Root
Umbelliferone found in Root
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Root (2650 ppm);found in Root (2650 ppm)
Antimorphinic
Aspartic-acid found in Root
Antimutagenic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Root
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (304 ppm);found in Root (304 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (1.2 ppm);found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Falcarindiol found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Plant (940 ppm);found in Root
Scopoletin found in Root
Umbelliferone found in Root
Antimyalgic
Selenium found in Root (0.4 ppm);found in Root (0.35 ppm)
Antimyelotoxic
Folic-acid found in Root
Antimyocarditic
Thiamin found in Root
Antimyoclonic
Vitamin-e found in Root (77 ppm)
Antinauseant
Fructose found in Root
Antineoplastic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant (940 ppm);found in Root
Antinephritic
Histidine found in Root
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Root (2650 ppm);found in Root (2650 ppm)
Antinesidioblastosic
Starch found in Root (150000 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Biotin found in Root
Niacin found in Root (68 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (304 ppm);found in Root (304 ppm)
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Root
Antineuritic
Thiamin found in Root
Vitamin-e found in Root (77 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Root
Folic-acid found in Root
Thiamin found in Root
Zinc found in Root (17 ppm);found in Root
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Root (2650 ppm);found in Root (2650 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant (940 ppm);found in Root
Vitamin-e found in Root (77 ppm)
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (304 ppm);found in Root (304 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Choline found in Root (2470 ppm)
Copper found in Root (5 ppm)
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Root (17 ppm);found in Root
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (304 ppm);found in Root (304 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (2820 ppm);found in Root (2820 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (172000 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (17 ppm);found in Root
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Antiophthalmic
Sucrose found in Root
Vitamin-e found in Root (77 ppm)
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (304 ppm);found in Root (304 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (304 ppm);found in Root (304 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (0.4 ppm);found in Root (0.35 ppm)
Vitamin-e found in Root (77 ppm)
Antiototic
Manganese found in Root (71 ppm);found in Root (2.6 ppm)
Antioxidant
Alanine found in Root
Alpha-tocopherol found in Root
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (304 ppm);found in Root (304 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (1.2 ppm);found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Carvacrol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Plant (940 ppm);found in Root
Histidine found in Root
Manganese found in Root (71 ppm);found in Root (2.6 ppm)
Methionine found in Root
Myristic-acid found in Root
Palmitic-acid found in Root
Riboflavin found in Root (3.4 ppm);found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Root
Selenium found in Root (0.4 ppm);found in Root (0.35 ppm)
Sucrose found in Root
Tryptophan found in Root
Vitamin-e found in Root (77 ppm)
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Root (1.2 ppm);found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Root (1.2 ppm);found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Alpha-tocopherol found in Root
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (304 ppm);found in Root (304 ppm)
Methionine found in Root
Niacin found in Root (68 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Root
Selenium found in Root (0.4 ppm);found in Root (0.35 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root
Tyrosine found in Root
Vitamin-e found in Root (77 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (304 ppm);found in Root (304 ppm)
Antipellagric
Isoleucine found in Root
Niacin found in Root (68 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (3.4 ppm);found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Antiperiodontal
Folic-acid found in Root
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (304 ppm);found in Root (304 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (2820 ppm);found in Root (2820 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (17 ppm);found in Root
Antiphenylketonuric
Tryptophan found in Root
Tyrosine found in Root
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Root (1.2 ppm);found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (3.4 ppm);found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Root (1.2 ppm);found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Antiplaque
Carvacrol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Folic-acid found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (2650 ppm);found in Root (2650 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (17 ppm);found in Root
Antiplatelet
Bergapten found in Root
Butylidene-phthalide found in Root
Antipneumonic
Alpha-pinene found in Root
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (304 ppm);found in Root (304 ppm)
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (304 ppm);found in Root (304 ppm)
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (304 ppm);found in Root (304 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root
Antipolyp
Folic-acid found in Root
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Root (1.2 ppm);found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Root (17 ppm);found in Root
Antiproliferant
Beta-carotene found in Root (1.2 ppm);found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Root
Selenium found in Root (0.4 ppm);found in Root (0.35 ppm)
Vitamin-e found in Root (77 ppm)
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Carvacrol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Ligustilide found in Essential Oil (450000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Root Essent. Oil (739800 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Root
Tryptophan found in Root
Umbelliferone found in Root
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Glutamic-acid found in Root
Glycine found in Root
Linoleic-acid found in Root
Zinc found in Root (17 ppm);found in Root
Antipruritic
Glycine found in Root
Antipsoriac
Bergapten found in Root
Beta-carotene found in Root (1.2 ppm);found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Antipsoriatic
Arachidonic-acid found in Root
Antipsychotic
Folic-acid found in Root
Tryptophan found in Root
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (304 ppm);found in Root (304 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Antiradicular
Alpha-tocopherol found in Root
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (304 ppm);found in Root (304 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (1.2 ppm);found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Plant (940 ppm);found in Root
Selenium found in Root (0.4 ppm);found in Root (0.35 ppm)
Vitamin-e found in Root (77 ppm)
Antiretardation
Glutamic-acid found in Root
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Root (2650 ppm);found in Root (2650 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Root
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (304 ppm);found in Root (304 ppm)
Antirheumatalgic
P-cymene found in Root
Antirheumatic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Root
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (304 ppm);found in Root (304 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (1.2 ppm);found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (2820 ppm);found in Root (2820 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (0.4 ppm);found in Root (0.35 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root
Zinc found in Root (17 ppm);found in Root
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (304 ppm);found in Root (304 ppm)
Antischizophrenic
Nicotinic-acid found in Root
Antiscoliotic
Tryptophan found in Root
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (304 ppm);found in Root (304 ppm)
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Root (68 ppm)
Antiseborrheic
Biotin found in Root
Antisenility
Vitamin-e found in Root (77 ppm)
Antiseptic
Alpha-pinene found in Root
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (304 ppm);found in Root (304 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Falcarindiol found in Root
Falcarinol found in Root
Safrole found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Scopoletin found in Root
Umbelliferone found in Root
Zinc found in Root (17 ppm);found in Root
Antiserotonin
Ferulic-acid found in Plant (940 ppm);found in Root
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (304 ppm);found in Root (304 ppm)
Antisickling
Glycine found in Root
Phenylalanine found in Root
Vitamin-e found in Root (77 ppm)
Antisilicotic
Aluminum found in Root (422 ppm);found in Root (422 ppm)
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Root (17 ppm);found in Root
Antispasmodic
Alpha-pinene found in Root
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (304 ppm);found in Root (304 ppm)
Bergapten found in Root
Butylidene-phthalide found in Root
Carvacrol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Plant (940 ppm);found in Root
Ligustilide found in Essential Oil (450000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Root Essent. Oil (739800 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2650 ppm);found in Root (2650 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (68 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (16800 ppm);found in Root (10700 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Root
Umbelliferone found in Root
Vitamin-e found in Root (77 ppm)
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Root (2650 ppm);found in Root (2650 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
Alpha-pinene found in Root
Carvacrol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Umbelliferone found in Root
Antisteatotic
Choline found in Root (2470 ppm)
Antisterility
Vitamin-e found in Root (77 ppm)
Antistomatitic
Zinc found in Root (17 ppm);found in Root
Antistreptococcic
Carvacrol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (304 ppm);found in Root (304 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (1.2 ppm);found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (2820 ppm);found in Root (2820 ppm)
Gaba found in Root
Gamma-aminobutyric-acid found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (2650 ppm);found in Root (2650 ppm)
Antistroke
Alpha-tocopherol found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (2650 ppm);found in Root (2650 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (16800 ppm);found in Root (10700 ppm)
Vitamin-e found in Root (77 ppm)
Antisunburn
Vitamin-e found in Root (77 ppm)
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (304 ppm);found in Root (304 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2650 ppm);found in Root (2650 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (71 ppm);found in Root (2.6 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (0.4 ppm);found in Root (0.35 ppm)
Vitamin-e found in Root (77 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (17 ppm);found in Root
Antithalassemic
Vitamin-e found in Root (77 ppm)
Antithrombic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant (940 ppm);found in Root
Antithrombotic
Vitamin-e found in Root (77 ppm)
Antithromboxane-B2
Vitamin-e found in Root (77 ppm)
Antithromboxane
Falcarinol found in Root
Antithyrotoxic
Nicotinic-acid found in Root
Antitic
Calcium found in Root (2820 ppm);found in Root (2820 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Gaba found in Root
Gamma-aminobutyric-acid found in Root
Zinc found in Root (17 ppm);found in Root
Antitoxemic
Vitamin-e found in Root (77 ppm)
Antitriglyceride
Chromium found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (17 ppm);found in Root
Antitubercular
Falcarindiol found in Root
Falcarinol found in Root
Antitumor-Promoter
Alpha-tocopherol found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Plant (940 ppm);found in Root
Antitumor
Alpha-tocopherol found in Root
Bergapten found in Root
Beta-carotene found in Root (1.2 ppm);found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Falcarinol found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Plant (940 ppm);found in Root
Fiber found in Root (172000 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Root
Selenium found in Root (0.4 ppm);found in Root (0.35 ppm)
Vitamin-e found in Root (77 ppm)
Antitussive
Carvacrol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Antiulcer
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (304 ppm);found in Root (304 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (1.2 ppm);found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (172000 ppm)
Glycine found in Root
Histidine found in Root
Threonine found in Root
Tyrosine found in Root
Zinc found in Root (17 ppm);found in Root
Antiulcerogenic
Selenium found in Root (0.4 ppm);found in Root (0.35 ppm)
Vitamin-e found in Root (77 ppm)
Antiuremic
Histidine found in Root
Antivaginitic
Aluminum found in Root (422 ppm);found in Root (422 ppm)
Antivaricose
Glucose found in Root
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Root (68 ppm)
Antiviral
Adenine found in Root
Alpha-pinene found in Root
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (304 ppm);found in Root (304 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Plant (940 ppm);found in Root
P-cymene found in Root
Antivitiligic
Phenylalanine found in Root
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Root (1.2 ppm);found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Root (2820 ppm);found in Root (2820 ppm)
Gaba found in Root
Gamma-aminobutyric-acid found in Root
Glutamic-acid found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (2650 ppm);found in Root (2650 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Root (3340 ppm);found in Root (3340 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (16800 ppm);found in Root (10700 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (0.4 ppm);found in Root (0.35 ppm)
Aphrodisiac
Arginine found in Root
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (304 ppm);found in Root (304 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Scopoletin found in Root
Selenium found in Root (0.4 ppm);found in Root (0.35 ppm)
Vitamin-e found in Root (77 ppm)
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Arteriodilator
Butylidene-phthalide found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Plant (940 ppm);found in Root
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (304 ppm);found in Root (304 ppm)
Astringent
Zinc found in Root (17 ppm);found in Root
Atherogenic
Sucrose found in Root
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Root (172000 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (16800 ppm);found in Root (10700 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (304 ppm);found in Root (304 ppm)
Bronchorelaxant
Scopoletin found in Root
Bruchiphobe
Succinic-acid found in Root
CNS-Depressant
Bergapten found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (2650 ppm);found in Root (2650 ppm)
Safrole found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Scopoletin found in Root
CNS-Inhibitor
Gaba found in Root
Gamma-aminobutyric-acid found in Root
CNS-Stimulant
Adenine found in Root
Safrole found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Scopoletin found in Root
COX-1-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Root (1.2 ppm);found in Root (1.2 ppm)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Root (1.2 ppm);found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (304 ppm);found in Root (304 ppm)
Bergapten found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (2650 ppm);found in Root (2650 ppm)
Safrole found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Root (2820 ppm);found in Root (2820 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Alanine found in Root
Alpha-pinene found in Root
Alpha-tocopherol found in Root
Arachidonic-acid found in Root
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (304 ppm);found in Root (304 ppm)
Bergapten found in Root
Beta-carotene found in Root (1.2 ppm);found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Plant (940 ppm);found in Root
Fiber found in Root (172000 ppm)
Folic-acid found in Root
Glycine found in Root
Linoleic-acid found in Root
Methionine found in Root
Myristic-acid found in Root
Niacin found in Root (68 ppm)
Nicotinamide found in Root
Oleic-acid found in Root
Pantothenic-acid found in Root
Riboflavin found in Root (3.4 ppm);found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Safrole found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Scopoletin found in Root
Selenium found in Root (0.4 ppm);found in Root (0.35 ppm)
Serine found in Root
Succinic-acid found in Root
Tyrosine found in Root
Umbelliferone found in Root
Vitamin-e found in Root (77 ppm)
Candidicide
Aluminum found in Root (422 ppm);found in Root (422 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Carvacrol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Plant (940 ppm);found in Root
Umbelliferone found in Root
Carcinogenic
Bergapten found in Root
Isosafrole found in Root
Linoleic-acid found in Root
Safrole found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Tryptophan found in Root
Cardiac
Ferulic-acid found in Plant (940 ppm);found in Root
Cardiodepressant
Choline found in Root (2470 ppm)
Cardiomyopathogenic
Cobalt found in Root (15.1 ppm);found in Root (15.1 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Alpha-tocopherol found in Root
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (304 ppm);found in Root (304 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Copper found in Root (5 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (172000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2650 ppm);found in Root (2650 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (68 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (16800 ppm);found in Root (10700 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (0.4 ppm);found in Root (0.35 ppm)
Silicon found in Root (3.4 ppm);found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Root (16800 ppm);found in Root (10700 ppm)
Cardiovascular
Gaba found in Root
Gamma-aminobutyric-acid found in Root
Carminative
Carvacrol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Safrole found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Cerebroprotective
Vitamin-e found in Root (77 ppm)
Cerebrotonic
Choline found in Root (2470 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Beta-carotene found in Root (1.2 ppm);found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Cholagogue
Ferulic-acid found in Plant (940 ppm);found in Root
Scopoletin found in Root
Choleretic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant (940 ppm);found in Root
Nicotinic-acid found in Root
Oleic-acid found in Root
Scopoletin found in Root
Umbelliferone found in Root
Cholinergic
Choline found in Root (2470 ppm)
Circulatory-Stimulant
Vitamin-e found in Root (77 ppm)
Circulotonic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Root
Niacin found in Root (68 ppm)
Clastogenic
Bergapten found in Root
Coagulant
Arachidonic-acid found in Root
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (304 ppm);found in Root (304 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (17 ppm);found in Root
Collyrium
Sucrose found in Root
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Root (1.2 ppm);found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Root
Contraceptive
Copper found in Root (5 ppm)
Controlled
Safrole found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Root (17 ppm);found in Root
Cosmetic
Myristic-acid found in Root
Stearic-acid found in Root
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Butylidene-phthalide found in Root
Carvacrol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
Safrole found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Cytochrome-P488-Inducer
Safrole found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Cytotoxic
Falcarindiol found in Root
Falcarinol found in Root
Scopoletin found in Root
DME-Inhibitor
Bergapten found in Root
DNA-Binder
Safrole found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Demulcent
Sucrose found in Root
Depressant
Nicotinamide found in Root
Selenium found in Root (0.4 ppm);found in Root (0.35 ppm)
Dermatitigenic
Oleic-acid found in Root
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (304 ppm);found in Root (304 ppm)
Diuretic
Adenine found in Root
Arginine found in Root
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (304 ppm);found in Root (304 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (2820 ppm);found in Root (2820 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (172000 ppm)
Gaba found in Root
Gamma-aminobutyric-acid found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (2650 ppm);found in Root (2650 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (16800 ppm);found in Root (10700 ppm)
Dye
Succinic-acid found in Root
Emetic
Methionine found in Root
Emmenagogue
Butylidene-phthalide found in Root
Emollient
Starch found in Root (150000 ppm)
Encephalopathic
Aluminum found in Root (422 ppm);found in Root (422 ppm)
Energizer
Chromium found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Enterorelaxant
Carvacrol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Root (17 ppm);found in Root
Erythrocytogenic
Cobalt found in Root (15.1 ppm);found in Root (15.1 ppm)
Essential
Histidine found in Root
Isoleucine found in Root
Leucine found in Root
Lysine found in Root
Methionine found in Root
Threonine found in Root
Tryptophan found in Root
Valine found in Root
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Expectorant
Alpha-pinene found in Root
Carvacrol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
FLavor
Alpha-pinene found in Root
Cadinene found in Root
Carvacrol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Oleic-acid found in Root
P-cymene found in Root
Palmitic-acid found in Root
Stearic-acid found in Root
Threonine found in Root
Valine found in Root
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Ferulosys-genic
Falcarindiol found in Root
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Root (68 ppm)
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (304 ppm);found in Root (304 ppm)
Flatugenic
Sucrose found in Root
Fungicide
Carvacrol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Falcarindiol found in Root
Falcarinone found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Plant (940 ppm);found in Root
P-cymene found in Root
Scopoletin found in Root
Selenium found in Root (0.4 ppm);found in Root (0.35 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Root
Fungistat
Falcarinol found in Root
Gastroprotective
Beta-carotene found in Root (1.2 ppm);found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Glutathionigenic
Methionine found in Root
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Hematopoietic
Folic-acid found in Root
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Root
Hepatocarcinogenic
Safrole found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Hepatoprotective
Arachidonic-acid found in Root
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Choline found in Root (2470 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant (940 ppm);found in Root
Linoleic-acid found in Root
Methionine found in Root
Niacin found in Root (68 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Root
Vitamin-e found in Root (77 ppm)
Hepatoregenerative
Safrole found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Hepatotoxic
Niacin found in Root (68 ppm)
Safrole found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Hepatotropic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant (940 ppm);found in Root
Isosafrole found in Root
Herbicide
Alpha-pinene found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Plant (940 ppm);found in Root
P-cymene found in Root
Scopoletin found in Root
Hydrocholerectic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant (940 ppm);found in Root
Hypercholesterolemic
Myristic-acid found in Root
Palmitic-acid found in Root
Sucrose found in Root
Hyperglycemic
Glucose found in Root
Hypertensive
Sodium found in Root (539 ppm);found in Root
Hyperuricemic
Adenine found in Root
Hypnotic
Tryptophan found in Root
Hypoammonemic
Arginine found in Root
Hypoarginanemic
Lysine found in Root
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (304 ppm);found in Root (304 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Calcium found in Root (2820 ppm);found in Root (2820 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Copper found in Root (5 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (172000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (2650 ppm);found in Root (2650 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (68 ppm)
Nicotinic-acid found in Root
Oleic-acid found in Root
Stearic-acid found in Root
Vitamin-e found in Root (77 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (304 ppm);found in Root (304 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Chromium found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (71 ppm);found in Root (2.6 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (68 ppm)
Nicotinic-acid found in Root
Scopoletin found in Root
Tryptophan found in Root
Vitamin-e found in Root (77 ppm)
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Plant (940 ppm);found in Root
Niacin found in Root (68 ppm)
Hypotensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (304 ppm);found in Root (304 ppm)
Bergapten found in Root
Calcium found in Root (2820 ppm);found in Root (2820 ppm)
Choline found in Root (2470 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (172000 ppm)
Gaba found in Root
Gamma-aminobutyric-acid found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (2650 ppm);found in Root (2650 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (16800 ppm);found in Root (10700 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Root
Tryptophan found in Root
Zinc found in Root (17 ppm);found in Root
Hypothermic
Safrole found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Root (172000 ppm)
Ileorelaxant
Choline found in Root (2470 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Alpha-tocopherol found in Root
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (304 ppm);found in Root (304 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Copper found in Root (5 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (2650 ppm);found in Root (2650 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (0.4 ppm);found in Root (0.35 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (17 ppm);found in Root
Immunostimulant
Arachidonic-acid found in Root
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (304 ppm);found in Root (304 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (1.2 ppm);found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant (940 ppm);found in Root
Folic-acid found in Root
Phosphorus found in Root (3340 ppm);found in Root (3340 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (0.4 ppm);found in Root (0.35 ppm)
Vitamin-e found in Root (77 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (17 ppm);found in Root
Immunosuppressant
Zinc found in Root (17 ppm);found in Root
Insecticide
Alpha-pinene found in Root
Bergapten found in Root
Insectifuge
Adenine found in Root
Alpha-pinene found in Root
Carvacrol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Plant (940 ppm);found in Root
Linoleic-acid found in Root
Oleic-acid found in Root
P-cymene found in Root
Thiamin found in Root
Insectiphile
Alpha-pinene found in Root
Insulin-Sparing
Vitamin-e found in Root (77 ppm)
Insulinase-Inhibitor
Nicotinic-acid found in Root
Tryptophan found in Root
Insulinogenic
Arachidonic-acid found in Root
Chromium found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2650 ppm);found in Root (2650 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (17 ppm);found in Root
Insulinotonic
Nicotinic-acid found in Root
Tryptophan found in Root
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Root (1.2 ppm);found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (304 ppm);found in Root (304 ppm)
Irritant
Alpha-pinene found in Root
Carvacrol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Oleic-acid found in Root
P-cymene found in Root
Safrole found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Laxative
Calcium found in Root (2820 ppm);found in Root (2820 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (172000 ppm)
Fructose found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (2650 ppm);found in Root (2650 ppm)
P-cymene found in Root
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Root (17 ppm);found in Root
Lipolytic
Bergapten found in Root
Nicotinic-acid found in Root
Lipotropic
Choline found in Root (2470 ppm)
Methionine found in Root
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Umbelliferone found in Root
Vitamin-e found in Root (77 ppm)
Lithogenic
Adenine found in Root
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (304 ppm);found in Root (304 ppm)
Litholytic
Magnesium found in Root (2650 ppm);found in Root (2650 ppm)
Lubricant
Myristic-acid found in Root
Palmitic-acid found in Root
Stearic-acid found in Root
MAO-Inhibitor
Scopoletin found in Root
Memorigenic
Choline found in Root (2470 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Memory-Enhancer
Glucose found in Root
Metal-Chelator
Ferulic-acid found in Plant (940 ppm);found in Root
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Root
Monoamine-Precursor
Phenylalanine found in Root
Tryptophan found in Root
Tyrosine found in Root
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Root (1.2 ppm);found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (17 ppm);found in Root
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (304 ppm);found in Root (304 ppm)
Musculotropic
Scopoletin found in Root
Mutagenic
Bergapten found in Root
Safrole found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Mycobactericide
Falcarindiol found in Root
Falcarinol found in Root
Myocardiotonic
Adenine found in Root
Myocontractant
Arachidonic-acid found in Root
Myorelaxant
Ligustilide found in Essential Oil (450000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Root Essent. Oil (739800 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2650 ppm);found in Root (2650 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Root
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Root (0.4 ppm);found in Root (0.35 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (17 ppm);found in Root
NO-Genic
Arginine found in Root
Nematicide
Carvacrol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Falcarindiol found in Root
Linoleic-acid found in Root
Myristic-acid found in Root
Palmitic-acid found in Root
Safrole found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Neoplastic
Fructose found in Root
Neuroexcitant
Aspartic-acid found in Root
Neuroinhibitor
Gaba found in Root
Gamma-aminobutyric-acid found in Root
Glycine found in Root
Neuroprotective
Thiamin found in Root
Neurotoxic
Gaba found in Root
Gamma-aminobutyric-acid found in Root
Glutamic-acid found in Root
Safrole found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Neurotransmitter
Gaba found in Root
Gamma-aminobutyric-acid found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (2650 ppm);found in Root (2650 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Ferulic-acid found in Plant (940 ppm);found in Root
Selenium found in Root (0.4 ppm);found in Root (0.35 ppm)
Vitamin-e found in Root (77 ppm)
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Root (3340 ppm);found in Root (3340 ppm)
Oxidant
Alanine found in Root
Histidine found in Root
P21-Inducer
Vitamin-e found in Root (77 ppm)
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Alpha-pinene found in Root
Parasympathomimetic
Choline found in Root (2470 ppm)
Pediculicide
Safrole found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Root
Perfumery
Alpha-pinene found in Root
Cadinene found in Root
Isosafrole found in Root
Oleic-acid found in Root
Safrole found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Stearic-acid found in Root
Succinic-acid found in Root
Umbelliferone found in Root
Pesticide
Adenine found in Root
Alpha-pinene found in Root
Aluminum found in Root (422 ppm);found in Root (422 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (304 ppm);found in Root (304 ppm)
Bergapten found in Root
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Cadinene found in Root
Carvacrol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Falcarindiol found in Root
Falcarinol found in Root
Falcarinone found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Plant (940 ppm);found in Root
P-cymene found in Root
Palmitic-acid found in Root
Safrole found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Scopoletin found in Root
Selenium found in Root (0.4 ppm);found in Root (0.35 ppm)
Succinic-acid found in Root
Thiamin found in Root
Tin found in Root (4 ppm);found in Root (4 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Root
Zinc found in Root (17 ppm);found in Root
Phagocytotic
Beta-carotene found in Root (1.2 ppm);found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant (940 ppm);found in Root
Phospholipase-A2-Inhibitor
Vitamin-e found in Root (77 ppm)
Photoactive
Umbelliferone found in Root
Phototoxic
Bergapten found in Root
Phytoalexin
Falcarindiol found in Root
Falcarinol found in Root
Falcarinone found in Root
Scopoletin found in Root
Phytohormonal
Scopoletin found in Root
Piscicide
Bergapten found in Root
Poultice
Starch found in Root (150000 ppm)
Preservative
Ferulic-acid found in Plant (940 ppm);found in Root
Sucrose found in Root
Prolactinogenic
Tryptophan found in Root
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Root (1.2 ppm);found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Iron found in Root (750 ppm);found in Root (88 ppm)
Propecic
Linoleic-acid found in Root
Oleic-acid found in Root
Palmitic-acid found in Root
Stearic-acid found in Root
Prostaglandin-Inhibitor
Carvacrol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Prostaglandin-Sparer
Selenium found in Root (0.4 ppm);found in Root (0.35 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Falcarinol found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Plant (940 ppm);found in Root
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Root (0.4 ppm);found in Root (0.35 ppm)
Vitamin-e found in Root (77 ppm)
Psychoactive
Safrole found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Pyrogenic
Arachidonic-acid found in Root
Roborant
Aspartic-acid found in Root
Schizophrenigenic
Copper found in Root (5 ppm)
Sedative
Alpha-pinene found in Root
Angelic-acid found in Root
Falcarinol found in Root
Gaba found in Root
Gamma-aminobutyric-acid found in Root
Niacin found in Root (68 ppm)
P-cymene found in Root
Tryptophan found in Root
Serotoninergic
Niacin found in Root (68 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Root
Spasmogenic
Alpha-pinene found in Root
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Spermigenic
Arginine found in Root
Zinc found in Root (17 ppm);found in Root
Sunscreen
Ferulic-acid found in Plant (940 ppm);found in Root
Umbelliferone found in Root
Suppository
Stearic-acid found in Root
Sweetener
Fructose found in Root
Sucrose found in Root
Taenicide
Tin found in Root (4 ppm);found in Root (4 ppm)
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Root (1.2 ppm);found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Tracheorelaxant
Carvacrol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Ligustilide found in Essential Oil (450000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Root Essent. Oil (739800 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Alpha-pinene found in Root
Calcium found in Root (2820 ppm);found in Root (2820 ppm)
Gaba found in Root
Gamma-aminobutyric-acid found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (2650 ppm);found in Root (2650 ppm)
Transdermal
Alpha-pinene found in Root
Trichomonicide
Carvacrol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
P-cymene found in Root
Zinc found in Root (17 ppm);found in Root
Triglycerigenic
Sucrose found in Root
Tumor-Promoter
Tryptophan found in Root
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Uricogenic
Sucrose found in Root
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (304 ppm);found in Root (304 ppm)
Folic-acid found in Root
Glycine found in Root
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (304 ppm);found in Root (304 ppm)
Urine-Acidifier
Methionine found in Root
Urine-Deodorant
Methionine found in Root
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Root (2650 ppm);found in Root (2650 ppm)
Uterosedative
Ferulic-acid found in Plant (940 ppm);found in Root
Scopoletin found in Root
VEGF-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Root (0.4 ppm);found in Root (0.35 ppm)
Vasodilator
Adenine found in Root
Arginine found in Root
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (304 ppm);found in Root (304 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (2820 ppm);found in Root (2820 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (172000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2650 ppm);found in Root (2650 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (68 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (16800 ppm);found in Root (10700 ppm)
Vitamin-e found in Root (77 ppm)
Vermifuge
Carvacrol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Vulnerary
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (304 ppm);found in Root (304 ppm)
Sucrose found in Root
Zinc found in Root (17 ppm);found in Root
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Folic-acid found in Root
Umbelliferone found in Root

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
2,4-dihydro-phthalic-anhydride Root Essent. Oil
Adenine Root
Alanine Root
Alpha-pinene Root
Alpha-tocopherol Root
Aluminum Root 422
Root 93 422
Angelic-acid Root
Angelica-polymorpha-alkaloid Root
Angelica-polysaccharide-as-1 Root
Angelica-sinensis-compound-e-232 Root
Angelicide Plant
Root 10
Angelicone Root
Angelol Root
Arachidonic-acid Root
Arginine Root
Ascorbic-acid Root 304
Root 67 304
Ash Root 56,000
Root 12,320 56,000
Aspartic-acid Root
Bergapten Root
Beta-cadinene Root Essent. Oil
Beta-carotene Root 1.2
Root 0.3 1.2
Beta-sitosterol Root
Beta-sitosterol-glucoside Root
Biotin Root
Brefeldin-a Root
Butylidene-nephthalide Root Essent. Oil
Butylidene-phthalide Root
Cadinene Root
Calcium Root 1,680 2,820
Root 620 2,820
Carbohydrates Root 800,000
Root 176,000 800,000
Carvacrol Root Essent. Oil
Root
Choline Root 2,470
Chromium Root 0.9
Root 0.2 0.9
Cis-beta-ocimene Root Essent. Oil 121,800
Cobalt Root 3.3 15.1
Root 15.1
Copper Root 5
Cystine Root
D-sucrose Root
Dodecan-1-ol Root
Eo Root 2,000 7,000
Tissue Culture
Shoot
Root 880 7,000
Falcarindiol Root
Falcarinol Root
Falcarinone Root
Fat Root 18,000
Root 3,960 18,000
Ferulic-acid Plant 940
Root
Fiber Root 172,000
Fiber(crude) Root 172,000
Fiber(dietary) Root 350,000
Folic-acid Root
Folinic-acid Root
Fructose Root
Gaba Root
Gamma-aminobutyric-acid Root
Glucose Root
Glutamic-acid Root
Glycine Root
Histidine Root
Iron Root 88 750
Root 19.4 88
Isoleucine Root
Isosafrol Root Essent. Oil
Isosafrole Root
Kilocalories Root 2,820
L-malic-acid Root 2.6
Leucine Root
Lignoceric-acid Root
Ligustilide Essential Oil 450,000
Root
Root Essent. Oil 739,800
Linoleic-acid Root
Lysine Root
Lysophosphatidylcholine Root
Magnesium Root 1,650 2,650
Root 583 2,650
Manganese Root 2.6 71
Root 0.6 2.6
Methionine Root
Myristic-acid Root
N-butylidenephthalide Root
N-butylphthalide Root
N-dodecanol Root
N-tetradecane Root
N-valerophenone-o-carbonic-acid Root
N-valerophenone-o-carboxylic-acid Root
Neoangelide Root
Niacin Root 15 68
Nicotinamide Root
Nicotinic-acid Root
Oleic-acid Root
P-cymene Root
Palmitic-acid Root
Pantothenic-acid Root
Phenylalanine Root
Phosphatidyl-choline Root
Phosphorus Root 735 3,340
Root 3,340
Phthalides Root
Polysaccharide Root
Potassium Root 10,700 16,800
Root 2,354 10,700
Proline Root
Protein Root 28,600 130,000
Root 130,000
Riboflavin Root 3.4
Root 0.8 3.4
Safrole Root Essent. Oil
Root
Scopoletin Root
Sedanoic-acid Root
Selenium Root 0.1 0.4
Root 0.35
Serine Root
Sesquiterpene Root
Silicon Root 3.4
Root 0.8 3.4
Sodium Root 539
Root
Sphingomyelin Root
Starch Root 33,000 150,000
Stearic-acid Root
Succinic-acid Root
Sucrose Root
Sugars Root 24,200 110,000
Tetradecan-1-ol Root
Thiamin Root
Thiamine Root
Threonine Root
Tin Root 0.9 4
Root 4
Tryptophan Root
Tyrosine Root
Umbelliferone Root
Uracil Root
Valerophenone-carboxylic-acid Root Essent. Oil
Valine Root
Vanilic-acid Root
Vitamin-a Root
Vitamin-b12 Root
Vitamin-e Root 77
Water Root 780,000
Root 780,000
Zinc Root 17
Root
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]