Anemarrhena asphodeloides Health effects and herbal facts

Anemarrhena asphodeloides is a plant species in family Asparagaceae, subfamily Agavoideae, native to China, Korea, and Mongolia. It is the only species in the genus, and some authors have placed it in its own family, Anemarrhenaceae. The plant name in China is zhi mu and its rhizome is used in traditional medicine. Used as an antipyretic, anti-inflammatory, anti-diabetic, and antidepressant in TCM. It may assist learning, and may have anti-liver cancer properties. Mangiferin, a natural phenol from Anemarrhena asphodeloides or Mangifera indica, could significantly prevent progression of diabetic nephropathy and improve renal function. It is cited in Japanese Kampo herb list and is an ingredient in the Dabuyin Wan, Qingfei Yihuo Wan and Biyan Pian pills. The plant contains the steroidal sapogenin sarsasapogenin and the xanthonoid mangiferin.

Anemarrhena asphodeloides

Medical use

Gallery

Anemarrhena asphodeloides Anemarrhena asphodeloides Anemarrhena asphodeloides Anemarrhena asphodeloides Anemarrhena asphodeloides Anemarrhena asphodeloides Anemarrhena asphodeloides Anemarrhena asphodeloides Anemarrhena asphodeloides Anemarrhena asphodeloides Anemarrhena asphodeloides

Geografical distribution

  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Mongolia: Mongolia
    • China: China - Gansu, Guizhou, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Jiangsu, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Monggol, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan
    • Eastern Asia: Korea
    Cultivated
    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Japan; Korea; Taiwan

Biological activities

ACE-Inhibitor
Zinc found in Rhizome (27 ppm)
Allergenic
Protocatechuic-acid found in Rhizome
Alpha-Glucosidase-Inhibitor
Protocatechuic-acid found in Rhizome
Analgesic
Zinc found in Rhizome (27 ppm)
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Potassium found in Rhizome (10100 ppm)
Anorexic
Arsenic found in Rhizome (0.14 ppm)
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Rhizome (27 ppm)
AntiCFS
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1200 ppm)
AntiHIV
Zinc found in Rhizome (27 ppm)
AntiLegionella
Protocatechuic-acid found in Rhizome
AntiLyme
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1200 ppm)
AntiMS
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1200 ppm)
AntiPMS
Calcium found in Rhizome (11600 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1200 ppm)
Manganese found in Rhizome (40 ppm)
Antiacne
Zinc found in Rhizome (27 ppm)
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Rhizome (27 ppm)
Antiaggregant
Anemarrhenasaponin-i found in Rhizome
Anemarrhenasaponin-ia found in Rhizome
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1200 ppm)
Timosaponin-a-iii found in Rhizome
Timosaponin-b-i found in Rhizome
Timosaponin-b-ii found in Rhizome
Timosaponin-b-iii found in Rhizome
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Rhizome (1400 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1200 ppm)
Manganese found in Rhizome (40 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (27 ppm)
Antiallergic
Calcium found in Rhizome (11600 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Rhizome
Antialopecic
Zinc found in Rhizome (27 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Zinc found in Rhizome (27 ppm)
Antianemic
Copper found in Rhizome (9 ppm)
Iron found in Rhizome (1400 ppm)
Manganese found in Rhizome (40 ppm)
Antianginal
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1200 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Zinc found in Rhizome (27 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1200 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Rhizome (27 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Rhizome (11600 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1200 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Rhizome (11600 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1200 ppm)
Potassium found in Rhizome (10100 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Rhizome
Antiarthritic
Calcium found in Rhizome (11600 ppm)
Copper found in Rhizome (9 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1200 ppm)
Manganese found in Rhizome (40 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Rhizome
Zinc found in Rhizome (27 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1200 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Rhizome
Antiatherosclerotic
Calcium found in Rhizome (11600 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1200 ppm)
Antibacterial
Nyasol found in Rhizome
Protocatechuic-acid found in Rhizome
Anticanker
Iron found in Rhizome (1400 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (27 ppm)
Anticataract
Zinc found in Rhizome (27 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1200 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Rhizome
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Rhizome (1400 ppm)
Antichilblain
Nicotinic-acid found in Rhizome
Anticlastogen
Protocatechuic-acid found in Rhizome
Anticlimacteric
Calcium found in Rhizome (11600 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1200 ppm)
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Rhizome (27 ppm)
Anticold
Zinc found in Rhizome (27 ppm)
Anticolitic
Zinc found in Rhizome (27 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1200 ppm)
Anticoronary
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1200 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (27 ppm)
Antidandruff
Zinc found in Rhizome (27 ppm)
Antidementia
Zinc found in Rhizome (27 ppm)
Antidepressant
Calcium found in Rhizome (11600 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1200 ppm)
Potassium found in Rhizome (10100 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Mangiferin found in Rhizome (13000 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Rhizome
Antidiabetic
Copper found in Rhizome (9 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1200 ppm)
Manganese found in Rhizome (40 ppm)
Mangiferin found in Rhizome (13000 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (27 ppm)
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Rhizome (40 ppm)
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Rhizome (27 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Manganese found in Rhizome (40 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1200 ppm)
Antieczemic
Zinc found in Rhizome (27 ppm)
Antiencephalopathic
Zinc found in Rhizome (27 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1200 ppm)
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1200 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1200 ppm)
Manganese found in Rhizome (40 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (27 ppm)
Antifatigue
Copper found in Rhizome (9 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1200 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Rhizome
Potassium found in Rhizome (10100 ppm)
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1200 ppm)
Antifibrotic
Mangiferin found in Rhizome (13000 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (27 ppm)
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Rhizome (27 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1200 ppm)
Antiglaucomic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1200 ppm)
Antihangover
Zinc found in Rhizome (27 ppm)
Antihepatomic
Saponins found in Rhizome (60000 ppm)
Antihepatotic
Mangiferin found in Rhizome (13000 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Mangiferin found in Rhizome (13000 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Rhizome
Antiherpetic
Mangiferin found in Rhizome (13000 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Rhizome
Antihypercholesterolemic
Pantothenic-acid found in Rhizome
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Rhizome (11600 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1200 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Calcium found in Rhizome (11600 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1200 ppm)
Potassium found in Rhizome (10100 ppm)
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1200 ppm)
Antiimpotence
Zinc found in Rhizome (27 ppm)
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Rhizome (27 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Zinc found in Rhizome (27 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Copper found in Rhizome (9 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1200 ppm)
Mangiferin found in Rhizome (13000 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Rhizome
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Rhizome (11600 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1200 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (27 ppm)
Antiischemic
Protocatechuic-acid found in Rhizome
Antilepric
Zinc found in Rhizome (27 ppm)
Antileukemic
Protocatechuic-acid found in Rhizome
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Rhizome (27 ppm)
Antilithic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1200 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Zinc found in Rhizome (27 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Zinc found in Rhizome (27 ppm)
Antimalarial
Nyasol found in Rhizome
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1200 ppm)
Antimelanogenic
Protocatechuic-acid found in Rhizome
Antimenopausal
Calcium found in Rhizome (11600 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1200 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Rhizome (1400 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Zinc found in Rhizome (27 ppm)
Antimicrobial
Nyasol found in Rhizome
Antimigraine
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1200 ppm)
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1200 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Protocatechuic-acid found in Rhizome
Saponins found in Rhizome (60000 ppm)
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1200 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Zinc found in Rhizome (27 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1200 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Copper found in Rhizome (9 ppm)
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Rhizome (27 ppm)
Antiobesity
Calcium found in Rhizome (11600 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (27 ppm)
Antiophidic
Protocatechuic-acid found in Rhizome
Antiosteoporotic
Calcium found in Rhizome (11600 ppm)
Copper found in Rhizome (9 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1200 ppm)
Manganese found in Rhizome (40 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (27 ppm)
Antiototic
Manganese found in Rhizome (40 ppm)
Antioxidant
Manganese found in Rhizome (40 ppm)
Mangiferin found in Rhizome (13000 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Rhizome
Antiperiodontitic
Calcium found in Rhizome (11600 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (27 ppm)
Antiperoxidant
Protocatechuic-acid found in Rhizome
Antiplaque
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1200 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (27 ppm)
Antiplasmodial
Nyasol found in Rhizome
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Rhizome (27 ppm)
Antiprostatitic
Zinc found in Rhizome (27 ppm)
Antiradicular
Protocatechuic-acid found in Rhizome
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1200 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Calcium found in Rhizome (11600 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (27 ppm)
Antischizophrenic
Nicotinic-acid found in Rhizome
Antiseptic
Protocatechuic-acid found in Rhizome
Zinc found in Rhizome (27 ppm)
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Rhizome (27 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1200 ppm)
Mangiferin found in Rhizome (13000 ppm)
Potassium found in Rhizome (10100 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Rhizome
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1200 ppm)
Antistomatitic
Zinc found in Rhizome (27 ppm)
Antistress
Calcium found in Rhizome (11600 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1200 ppm)
Antistroke
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1200 ppm)
Potassium found in Rhizome (10100 ppm)
Antisyndrome-X
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1200 ppm)
Manganese found in Rhizome (40 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (27 ppm)
Antithrombotic
Anemarrhenasaponin-i found in Rhizome
Anemarrhenasaponin-ia found in Rhizome
Timosaponin-a-iii found in Rhizome
Timosaponin-b-i found in Rhizome
Timosaponin-b-ii found in Rhizome
Timosaponin-b-iii found in Rhizome
Antithyrotoxic
Nicotinic-acid found in Rhizome
Antitic
Calcium found in Rhizome (11600 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Rhizome (27 ppm)
Antitriglyceride
Zinc found in Rhizome (27 ppm)
Antitussive
Isomangiferin found in Plant
Protocatechuic-acid found in Rhizome
Antiulcer
Zinc found in Rhizome (27 ppm)
Antiviral
Mangiferin found in Rhizome (13000 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Rhizome
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Rhizome (11600 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1200 ppm)
Potassium found in Rhizome (10100 ppm)
Apoptotic
Protocatechuic-acid found in Rhizome
Astringent
Zinc found in Rhizome (27 ppm)
Beta-Blocker
Potassium found in Rhizome (10100 ppm)
CNS-Depressant
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1200 ppm)
CNS-Stimulant
Mangiferin found in Rhizome (13000 ppm)
Calcium-Antagonist
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1200 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Rhizome (11600 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Nicotinamide found in Rhizome
Pantothenic-acid found in Rhizome
Candidicide
Nyasol found in Rhizome
Carcinogenic
Protocatechuic-acid found in Rhizome
Cardioprotective
Copper found in Rhizome (9 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1200 ppm)
Potassium found in Rhizome (10100 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Rhizome
Cardiotonic
Mangiferin found in Rhizome (13000 ppm)
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Rhizome (10100 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Protocatechuic-acid found in Rhizome
Choleretic
Mangiferin found in Rhizome (13000 ppm)
Nicotinic-acid found in Rhizome
Collagenic
Zinc found in Rhizome (27 ppm)
Contraceptive
Copper found in Rhizome (9 ppm)
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Rhizome (27 ppm)
Deodorant
Zinc found in Rhizome (27 ppm)
Depressant
Nicotinamide found in Rhizome
Diuretic
Calcium found in Rhizome (11600 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1200 ppm)
Mangiferin found in Rhizome (13000 ppm)
Potassium found in Rhizome (10100 ppm)
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Rhizome (27 ppm)
Expectorant
Isomangiferin found in Plant
Fungicide
Nyasol found in Rhizome
Protocatechuic-acid found in Rhizome
Glutathione-Depleting
Protocatechuic-acid found in Rhizome
Hepatotoxic
Protocatechuic-acid found in Rhizome
Hypertensive
Sodium found in Rhizome (289 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Calcium found in Rhizome (11600 ppm)
Copper found in Rhizome (9 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1200 ppm)
Nicotinic-acid found in Rhizome
Hypoglycemic
Manganese found in Rhizome (40 ppm)
Nicotinic-acid found in Rhizome
Hypotensive
Calcium found in Rhizome (11600 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1200 ppm)
Potassium found in Rhizome (10100 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (27 ppm)
Hypothermic
Asphonin found in Rhizome (6000 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Copper found in Rhizome (9 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1200 ppm)
Saponins found in Rhizome (60000 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (27 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Mangiferin found in Rhizome (13000 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Rhizome
Zinc found in Rhizome (27 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Zinc found in Rhizome (27 ppm)
Insecticide-Synergist
Cis-hinokiresinol found in Plant
Insulinase-Inhibitor
Nicotinic-acid found in Rhizome
Insulinogenic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1200 ppm)
Zinc found in Rhizome (27 ppm)
Insulinotonic
Nicotinic-acid found in Rhizome
Laxative
Calcium found in Rhizome (11600 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1200 ppm)
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Rhizome (27 ppm)
Lipolytic
Nicotinic-acid found in Rhizome
Litholytic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1200 ppm)
MAO-Inhibitor
Mangiferin found in Rhizome (13000 ppm)
Mucogenic
Zinc found in Rhizome (27 ppm)
Myorelaxant
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1200 ppm)
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Zinc found in Rhizome (27 ppm)
Nephrotoxic
Protocatechuic-acid found in Rhizome
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1200 ppm)
PAF-Inhibitor
Anemarsaponin-b found in Rhizome
Pesticide
Arsenic found in Rhizome (0.14 ppm)
Cis-hinokiresinol found in Plant
Mangiferin found in Rhizome (13000 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Rhizome
Zinc found in Rhizome (27 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Protocatechuic-acid found in Rhizome
Prooxidant
Iron found in Rhizome (1400 ppm)
Prostaglandigenic
Protocatechuic-acid found in Rhizome
Schizophrenigenic
Copper found in Rhizome (9 ppm)
Secretogogue
Protocatechuic-acid found in Rhizome
Spermigenic
Zinc found in Rhizome (27 ppm)
T-Cell-Stimulant
Mangiferin found in Rhizome (13000 ppm)
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Rhizome (27 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Rhizome (11600 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1200 ppm)
Trichomonicide
Zinc found in Rhizome (27 ppm)
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Protocatechuic-acid found in Rhizome
Ubiquiot
Protocatechuic-acid found in Rhizome
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1200 ppm)
Vasodilator
Calcium found in Rhizome (11600 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (1200 ppm)
Potassium found in Rhizome (10100 ppm)
Vulnerary
Zinc found in Rhizome (27 ppm)
c-AMP-Inhibitor
Cis-hinokiresinol found in Plant

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
(z)-1,3-bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)-1,4-pentadiene Plant
2,6,4'-trihydroxy-4-methoxybenzophenone Rhizome
26-o-beta-d-glucopyranosylfurost-20(22)-ene-3-beta,26-diol-3-o-beta-d-glucopyranosyl(1---2)-beta-d-galactopyranoside Rhizome
Anemaran-a Rhizome
Anemaran-b Rhizome
Anemaran-c Rhizome
Anemaran-d Rhizome
Anemarans Rhizome
Anemarrhenasaponin-i Rhizome
Anemarrhenasaponin-ia Rhizome
Anemarsaponin-a1 Rhizome
Anemarsaponin-a2 Rhizome
Anemarsaponin-b Rhizome
Anemarsaponin-f Rhizome
Anemarsaponin-g Rhizome
Arsenic Rhizome 0.14
Asphogenin Rhizome
Asphonin Rhizome 6,000
Calcium Rhizome 10,900 11,600
Chimonin Rhizome
Cis-hinokiresinol Plant
Copper Rhizome 5 9
Iron Rhizome 90 1,400
Isomangiferin Plant
Lilagenin-3-o-beta-glucopyranosyl-(1-->2)-[beta-xylopyranosyl-(1-->3)]-beta-glucopyranosyl-(1-->4)-beta-galactopyranosid Rhizome
Magnesium Rhizome 1,130 1,200
Manganese Rhizome 10 40
Mangiferin Rhizome 1,200 13,000
Mangiferin-7-o-beta-glucoside Rhizome
Markogenin Rhizome
Markogenin-3-o-timobioside Rhizome
Neogitogenin Rhizome
Neogitogenin-3-o-beta-glucopyranosyl-(1-->2)[beta-xylopyranosyl-(1-->3)]-beta-glucopyranosyl-(1-->4)-beta-galactopyranos Rhizome
Nicotinamide Rhizome
Nicotinic-acid Rhizome
Nyasol Rhizome
Pantothenic-acid Rhizome
Potassium Rhizome 5,360 10,100
Protocatechuic-acid Rhizome
Saponins Rhizome 60,000
Sarsasapogenin Rhizome
Sarsasapogenin-3-o-beta-galactoside Rhizome
Sarsasapogenin-3-o-beta-glucoside Rhizome
Sarsasapogenin-3-o-beta-sophoroside Rhizome
Sarsasapogenin-3-o-beta-timobioside Rhizome
Sodium Rhizome 52 289
Timosaponin-a-i Rhizome
Timosaponin-a-ii Rhizome
Timosaponin-a-iii Rhizome
Timosaponin-a-iv Rhizome
Timosaponin-b Rhizome
Timosaponin-b-i Rhizome
Timosaponin-b-ii Rhizome
Timosaponin-b-iii Rhizome
Xanthone Rhizome 13,000
Zinc Rhizome 19 27
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]