Ammi majus Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
bishop's-weed bullwort false bishop's-weed greater ammi laceflower lady's-lace

Ammi majus, commonly known as bishop's flower, bishop’s weed, false bishop’s weed, bullwort, greater ammi, lady’s lace, False Queen Anne's lace or laceflower, originates in the Nile River Valley and has white lace-like flower clusters. Ammi majus fruits can be distinguished by the presence of four prominent secondary ridges and by the absence of lacunae outside the vascular bundles, as seen in the transverse section of fruit. It contains large amounts of furanocoumarin, xanthotoxin, and bergapten. The furanocoumarin in the plant can cause phytophotodermatitis and hyperpigmentation. Ammi majus is used in the treatment of vitiligo and psoriasis.

Ammi majus

Medical use

Economic importance of Ammi majus

Environmental ornamental
Medicines source of xanthotoxin
Vertebrate poisons mamals
Weed potential sed contaminant

Gallery

Ammi majus Ammi majus Ammi majus Ammi majus Ammi majus Ammi majus Ammi majus Ammi majus Ammi majus Ammi majus Ammi majus Ammi majus

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Egypt; Libya; Morocco; Tunisia
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Ethiopia
    Cultivated
    • Northern Africa: Egypt
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Arabian Peninsula: Kuwait
    • Western Asia: Cyprus; Iran; Iraq; Israel; Jordan; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
    • Caucasus: Armenia
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Native
    • Indian Subcontinent: Pakistan
    Cultivated
    • Indian Subcontinent: India; Pakistan
  • EUROPE
    Native
    • East Europe: Ukraine
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Croatia; Greece ; Italy ; Montenegro; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France ; Portugal; Spain

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Plant
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
ATPase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
Luteolin-7-glucoside found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Umbelliferone found in Plant
Allelochemic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Umbelliferone found in Plant
Allergenic
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Analgesic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Anthelmintic
Khellin found in Plant
Tannin found in Seed (4500 ppm)
AntiGTF
Quercetin found in Leaf
AntiHIV
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Seed (4500 ppm)
AntiPMS
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiaflatoxin
Angelicin found in Plant
Imperatorin found in Seed (8000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Xanthotoxin found in Seed (20000 ppm)
Antiaggregant
Bergapten found in Seed (3100 ppm)
Imperatorin found in Seed (8000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiaging
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiallergic
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antialopecic
8-methoxy-psoralen found in Plant
Imperatorin found in Seed (8000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Plant
Antialzheimeran
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antianaphylactic
Khellin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiandrogenic
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Plant
Antianginal
Khellin found in Plant
Antiangiogenic
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiapertif
Bergapten found in Seed (3100 ppm)
Antiappetant
Isopimpinellin found in Seed
Antiarteriosclerotic
Khellin found in Plant
Antiarthritic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiasthmatic
Khellin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiatherogenic
Luteolin found in Plant
Antiatherosclerotic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antibacterial
8-methoxy-psoralen found in Plant
Furocoumarin found in Plant
Isorhamnetin found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Pimpinellin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercetin-7-o-glucoside found in Seed
Tannin found in Seed (4500 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Plant
Xanthotoxin found in Seed (20000 ppm)
Anticancer
Tannin found in Seed (4500 ppm)
Anticarcinogenic
Luteolin found in Plant
Anticarcinomic
Luteolin found in Plant
Anticariogenic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Seed (4500 ppm)
Anticataract
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Anticoagulant
Heraclenin found in Seed (700 ppm)
Anticolitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Anticomplementary
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Anticonvulsant
Angelicin found in Plant
Bergapten found in Seed (3100 ppm)
Imperatorin found in Seed (8000 ppm)
Anticystitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antidepressant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antidermatic
Luteolin found in Plant
Luteolin-7-glucoside found in Plant
Antidermatitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Xanthotoxin found in Seed (20000 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Khellin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antidiarrheic
Tannin found in Seed (4500 ppm)
Antidysenteric
Tannin found in Seed (4500 ppm)
Antiedemic
Umbelliferone found in Plant
Antielastase
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiencephalitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiescherichic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiestrogenic
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antifeedant
Isopimpinellin found in Seed
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Xanthotoxin found in Seed (20000 ppm)
Antifibrinolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Plant
Antifibrosarcomic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiflu
Angelicin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antigastric
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antigonadotropic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antihepatotoxic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Seed (4500 ppm)
Antiherpetic
Luteolin found in Plant
Luteolin-7-glucoside found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antihistaminic
Bergapten found in Seed (3100 ppm)
Isorhamnetin found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Oxypeucedanin-hydrate found in Seed (400 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Umbelliferone found in Plant
Xanthotoxin found in Seed (20000 ppm)
Xanthotoxol found in Plant
Antihydrophobic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antihypertensive
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Seed (4500 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Bergapten found in Seed (3100 ppm)
Heraclenin found in Seed (700 ppm)
Imperatorin found in Seed (8000 ppm)
Isopimpinellin found in Seed
Isorhamnetin found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Luteolin-7-glucoside found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Umbelliferone found in Plant
Xanthotoxin found in Seed (20000 ppm)
Antijet-lag
Bergapten found in Seed (3100 ppm)
Antikeratotic
Xanthotoxin found in Seed (20000 ppm)
Antileishmanic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antileucodermic
Xanthotoxin found in Seed (20000 ppm)
Antileukemic
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antileukodermic
Ammoidin found in Plant
Bergapten found in Seed (3100 ppm)
Furocoumarin found in Plant
Imperatorin found in Seed (8000 ppm)
Antileukotriene-D4
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Antileukotriene
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antilipogenic
Isopimpinellin found in Seed
Antilipolytic
Tannin found in Seed (4500 ppm)
Antilipoperoxidant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antilymphomic
8-methoxy-psoralen found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Xanthotoxin found in Seed (20000 ppm)
Antimalarial
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antimelanomic
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antimetastatic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antimitotic
Bergapten found in Seed (3100 ppm)
Imperatorin found in Seed (8000 ppm)
Isopimpinellin found in Seed
Umbelliferone found in Plant
Xanthotoxin found in Seed (20000 ppm)
Xanthotoxol found in Plant
Antimutagenic
5-methoxy-psoralen found in Plant
Angelicin found in Plant
Imperatorin found in Seed (8000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Seed (4500 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Plant
Xanthotoxin found in Seed (20000 ppm)
Antimycotic
8-methoxy-psoralen found in Plant
Xanthotoxin found in Seed (20000 ppm)
Antimyocarditic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antinephritic
Tannin found in Seed (4500 ppm)
Antinicotinic
Xanthotoxol found in Plant
Antinitrosaminic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antinociceptive
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiophidic
Tannin found in Seed (4500 ppm)
Antioxidant
Isorhamnetin found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Seed (4500 ppm)
Antipancreatitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiperiodontal
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiperistaltic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipermeability
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiperoxidant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipharyngitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipityriasic
Xanthotoxin found in Seed (20000 ppm)
Antiplaque
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiplasmodial
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiplatelet
Bergapten found in Seed (3100 ppm)
Imperatorin found in Seed (8000 ppm)
Antipodriac
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipolio
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiproliferant
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiprostaglandin
Umbelliferone found in Plant
Antiprostanoid
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiprostatitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipruritic
Xanthotoxin found in Seed (20000 ppm)
Antipsoriac
5-methoxy-psoralen found in Plant
8-methoxy-psoralen found in Plant
Bergapten found in Seed (3100 ppm)
Furocoumarin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Xanthotoxin found in Seed (20000 ppm)
Antiradicular
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Seed (4500 ppm)
Antirenitic
Tannin found in Seed (4500 ppm)
Antiretroviral
Isoquercetin found in Seed
Antiscleromyxoedemic
Xanthotoxin found in Seed (20000 ppm)
Antiseptic
Alloimperatorin found in Seed (1 ppm)
Furocoumarin found in Plant
Umbelliferone found in Plant
Antispasmodic
Angelicin found in Plant
Bergapten found in Seed (3100 ppm)
Isorhamnetin found in Plant
Khellin found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Umbelliferone found in Plant
Xanthotoxin found in Seed (20000 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
8-methoxy-psoralen found in Plant
Umbelliferone found in Plant
Antistreptococcic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antithiamin
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antithrombic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antitrypanosomic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antitubercular
Isopimpinellin found in Seed
Pimpinellin found in Plant
Antitumor-Promoter
Imperatorin found in Seed (8000 ppm)
Isoimperatorin found in Seed
Oxypeucedanin found in Seed (3000 ppm)
Pabulenol found in Seed (100 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Seed (4500 ppm)
Xanthotoxin found in Seed (20000 ppm)
Antitumor
5-methoxy-psoralen found in Plant
8-methoxy-psoralen found in Plant
Bergapten found in Seed (3100 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Seed (4500 ppm)
Antitussive
Khellin found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Antiulcer
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Seed (4500 ppm)
Antiulcerogenic
Khellin found in Plant
Antiviral
8-methoxy-psoralen found in Plant
Angelicin found in Plant
Isoquercetin found in Seed
Luteolin found in Plant
Luteolin-7-glucoside found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Seed (4500 ppm)
Antivitiligic
5-methoxy-psoralen found in Plant
8-methoxy-psoralen found in Plant
Imperatorin found in Seed (8000 ppm)
Xanthotoxin found in Seed (20000 ppm)
Aphidifuge
Luteolin found in Plant
Apoptotic
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
Artemicide
Isoimperatorin found in Seed
Xanthotoxin found in Seed (20000 ppm)
Bacteristat
Quercetin found in Leaf
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
Bradycardiac
Quercetin found in Leaf
Bronchodilator
Khellin found in Plant
Bronchorelaxant
Khellin found in Plant
Bufocide
Imperatorin found in Seed (8000 ppm)
Xanthotoxin found in Seed (20000 ppm)
CNS-Depressant
Angelicin found in Plant
Bergapten found in Seed (3100 ppm)
COMT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
COX-2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Calmodulin-Antagonist
Quercetin found in Leaf
Cancer-Preventive
5-methoxy-psoralen found in Plant
Bergapten found in Seed (3100 ppm)
Imperatorin found in Seed (8000 ppm)
Isopimpinellin found in Seed
Isorhamnetin found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Mucilage found in Seed
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Seed (4500 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Plant
Xanthotoxin found in Seed (20000 ppm)
Xanthotoxol found in Plant
Candidicide
8-methoxy-psoralen found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Umbelliferone found in Plant
Capillariprotective
Quercetin found in Leaf
Carcinogenic
8-methoxy-psoralen found in Plant
Bergapten found in Seed (3100 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Seed (4500 ppm)
Catabolic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Chelator
Tannin found in Seed (4500 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Luteolin found in Plant
Choleretic
Luteolin found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Umbelliferone found in Plant
Clastogenic
Bergapten found in Seed (3100 ppm)
Copper-Chelator
Quercetin found in Leaf
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Seed (4500 ppm)
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Cytochrome-P450-Inhibitor
Imperatorin found in Seed (8000 ppm)
Isoimperatorin found in Seed
Cytotoxic
Angelicin found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Xanthotoxin found in Seed (20000 ppm)
Xanthotoxol found in Plant
DME-Inhibitor
Bergapten found in Seed (3100 ppm)
Imperatorin found in Seed (8000 ppm)
Isoimperatorin found in Seed
Oxypeucedanin found in Seed (3000 ppm)
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Demulcent
Mucilage found in Seed
Dermatitigenic
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Xanthotoxin found in Seed (20000 ppm)
Differentiator
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Diuretic
Isopimpinellin found in Seed
Luteolin found in Plant
Pimpinellin found in Plant
Emetic
Calcium-oxalate found in Seed
Xanthotoxin found in Seed (20000 ppm)
Estrogenic
Alloimperatorin found in Seed (1 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
FLavor
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Plant
Fungicide
5-methoxy-psoralen found in Plant
8-methoxy-psoralen found in Plant
Furocoumarin found in Plant
Isopimpinellin found in Seed
Oxypeucedanin found in Seed (3000 ppm)
Pimpinellin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Umbelliferone found in Plant
Xanthotoxin found in Seed (20000 ppm)
Fungistat
Xanthotoxin found in Seed (20000 ppm)
Gastroirritant
Methoxsalen found in Plant
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Seed (4500 ppm)
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Plant
Hemostat
Cellulose found in Seed (224000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Hepatoirritant
Methoxsalen found in Plant
Hepatomagenic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Hepatoprotective
Angelicin found in Plant
Imperatorin found in Seed (8000 ppm)
Isorhamnetin found in Plant
Isorhamnetin-3-glucoside found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Seed (4500 ppm)
Xanthotoxin found in Seed (20000 ppm)
Hepatotoxic
Imperatorin found in Seed (8000 ppm)
Herbicide
Xanthotoxin found in Seed (20000 ppm)
Hyaluronidase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
Hypercholesterolemic
Palmitic-acid found in Plant
Hypertrichotic
Xanthotoxin found in Seed (20000 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Luteolin found in Plant
Mucilage found in Seed
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Hypoglycemic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Hypotensive
Angelicin found in Plant
Bergapten found in Seed (3100 ppm)
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
IKK-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
Immunosuppressant
8-methoxy-psoralen found in Plant
Tannin found in Seed (4500 ppm)
Inflammatory
Calcium-oxalate found in Seed
Inotropic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Insecticide
Bergapten found in Seed (3100 ppm)
Isopimpinellin found in Seed
Xanthotoxin found in Seed (20000 ppm)
Insectifuge
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Insulinogenic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
Irritant
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Juvabional
Quercetin found in Leaf
Larvistat
Quercetin found in Leaf
Laxative
Calcium-oxalate found in Seed
Lipolytic
Bergapten found in Seed (3100 ppm)
Imperatorin found in Seed (8000 ppm)
Oxypeucedanin found in Seed (3000 ppm)
Xanthotoxin found in Seed (20000 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Seed (4500 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Plant
Lithogenic
Calcium-oxalate found in Seed
Lubricant
Palmitic-acid found in Plant
Lymphocytogenic
8-methoxy-psoralen found in Plant
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
MAO-Inhibitor
Isorhamnetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Seed (4500 ppm)
MAPK-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Quercetin found in Leaf
Melaninogenic
5-methoxy-psoralen found in Plant
8-methoxy-psoralen found in Plant
Melatoninogenic
5-methoxy-psoralen found in Plant
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Mitogenic
8-methoxy-psoralen found in Plant
Molluscicide
Bergapten found in Seed (3100 ppm)
Imperatorin found in Seed (8000 ppm)
Isopimpinellin found in Seed
Xanthotoxin found in Seed (20000 ppm)
Mutagenic
8-methoxy-psoralen found in Plant
Bergapten found in Seed (3100 ppm)
Isopimpinellin found in Seed
Oxypeucedanin found in Seed (3000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Myorelaxant
Angelicin found in Plant
Khellin found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
NEP-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
NO-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Nematicide
Palmitic-acid found in Plant
Neuroprotective
Quercetin found in Leaf
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Seed (4500 ppm)
P450-Inducer
Quercetin found in Leaf
P450-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
PGE2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
PTK-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Perfumery
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Umbelliferone found in Plant
Pesticide
8-methoxy-psoralen found in Plant
Alloimperatorin found in Seed (1 ppm)
Bergapten found in Seed (3100 ppm)
Furocoumarin found in Plant
Isoimperatorin found in Seed
Isopimpinellin found in Seed
Isoquercetin found in Seed
Isorhamnetin found in Plant
Khellin found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Luteolin-7-glucoside found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Plant
Pimpinellin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercetin-7-o-glucoside found in Seed
Tannin found in Seed (4500 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Plant
Xanthotoxin found in Seed (20000 ppm)
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Photoactive
Angelicin found in Plant
Umbelliferone found in Plant
Photodermatitigenic
5-methoxy-psoralen found in Plant
8-methoxy-psoralen found in Plant
Phototoxic
8-methoxy-psoralen found in Plant
Angelicin found in Plant
Bergapten found in Seed (3100 ppm)
Furocoumarin found in Plant
Pimpinellin found in Plant
Phytoalexin
Pimpinellin found in Plant
Xanthotoxin found in Seed (20000 ppm)
Piscicide
Alloimperatorin found in Seed (1 ppm)
Bergapten found in Seed (3100 ppm)
Imperatorin found in Seed (8000 ppm)
Isopimpinellin found in Seed
Xanthotoxin found in Seed (20000 ppm)
Plasmodicide
Quercetin found in Leaf
Proliferant
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Propecic
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Plant
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Prostaglandin-Synthetase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Protisticide
Furocoumarin found in Plant
Psychotropic
Tannin found in Seed (4500 ppm)
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Isorhamnetin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Sedative
Angelicin found in Plant
Imperatorin found in Seed (8000 ppm)
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Plant
Succinoxidase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
Sunscreen
Umbelliferone found in Plant
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Teratologic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tumorigenic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
VEGF-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Vasodilator
Isorhamnetin found in Plant
Khellin found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Seed (4500 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Plant
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
iNOS-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
5-hydroxymarmesin Plant
5-methoxy-psoralen Plant
5-[2-(3-methylbutyroxy)-3-hydroxy-3-methylbutoxy]-ps. Plant 1,000
5-[2-(acetoxy)-3-hydroxy-3-methylbutoxy]-psoralen Seed 1,000
8-methoxy-psoralen Plant
8-[2-(3-methylbutyroxy)-3-hydroxy-3-methylbutoxy]-ps. Plant 100
Alloimperatorin Seed 1
Ammajin Seed
Ammidin Plant
Ammifurin Seed
Ammirin Seed
Ammoidin Plant
Angalcin Plant
Angelicin Plant
Angenomalin Plant
Bergapten Seed 400 3,100
Calcium-oxalate Seed
Camesol Plant
Campeselol Plant
Campesenin Plant
Campesin Plant
Cellulose Seed 224,000
Coumarinic-acid Plant
Deltoin Plant
Dihydrooroselselone Plant
Dl-piperitone Seed 1,000
Eo(ass.) Seed 10,000
Fat Seed 129,400
Furanochromone Plant
Furanocoumarin Plant
Furocoumarin Plant
Glycosides Seed 10,000
Heraclenin Seed 700
Imperatorin Seed 100 8,000
Isoimperatorin Seed
Isopimpinellin Seed
Isoquercetin Seed
Isorhamnetin Plant
Isorhamnetin-3-glucoside Leaf
Isorhamnetin-3-glucuronide Leaf
Isorhamnetin-3-rutinoside Leaf
Kaempferol-7-o-glucoside Seed
Khellin Plant
Luteolin Plant
Luteolin-7-glucoside Plant
Luteolin-glycosides Leaf
Majudin Plant
Majurin Seed
Marmesin Seed 400 3,300
Marmesinin Seed 100 1,450
Methoxsalen Plant
Mucilage Seed
O-alkly-furocoumarin Plant
Oleic-acid Plant
Oleoresin Seed 46,700
Oxypeucedanin Seed 3,000
Oxypeucedanin-hydrate Seed 400
Pabulenol Seed 100
Palmitic-acid Plant
Pimpinellin Plant
Protein Seed 138,000
Psoralens Leaf 8,800
Seed 15,000 20,000
Quercetin Leaf
Quercetin-3-0-rutinoside Plant
Quercetin-7-o-glucoside Seed
Saxalin Seed 100
Sphnodin Plant
Tannin Seed 4,500
Umbelliferone Plant
Umbelliprenin Seed
Visnigin Plant
Xanthotoxin Seed 2,300 20,000
Xanthotoxol Plant
Zozymin Plant
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]