Amaranthus spinosus Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
carelessweed edlebur needlebur prickly amaranth prickly calalu Prince-of-Wales-feather spiny amaranth spiny pigweed thorny amaranth thorny pigweed

Amaranthus spinosus, commonly known as the spiny amaranth, prickly amaranth or thorny amaranth. It is native to the tropical Americas, but it is present on most continents as an introduced species and sometimes a noxious weed. It can be a serious weed of rice cultivation in Asia.

Amaranthus spinosus

Medical use

Economic importance of Amaranthus spinosus

Human food vegetable
Medicines folklore
Vertebrate poisons mamals
Weed potential sed contaminant

Gallery

Amaranthus spinosus Amaranthus spinosus Amaranthus spinosus Amaranthus spinosus Amaranthus spinosus Amaranthus spinosus Amaranthus spinosus Amaranthus spinosus Amaranthus spinosus Amaranthus spinosus Amaranthus spinosus Amaranthus spinosus Amaranthus spinosus Amaranthus spinosus

Biological activities

5-HT-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Leaf
Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5030 ppm)
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Leaf
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5030 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Allelochemic
Rutin found in Leaf
Allergenic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (408 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (86 ppm)
Analgesic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5030 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (0.6 ppm)
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5030 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (104000 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (35276 ppm)
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5030 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5030 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5030 ppm)
AntiCVI
Rutin found in Leaf
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5030 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (86 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (0.6 ppm)
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (408 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (53335 ppm)
Antiacne
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (408 ppm)
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Leaf (86 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Antiaggregant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5030 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5030 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (408 ppm)
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Leaf (1965 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Thiamin found in Leaf (0.6 ppm)
Antiallergic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5030 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (53335 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (86 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Antialzheimeran
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5030 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (86 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (0.6 ppm)
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Leaf (86 ppm)
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Antianemic
Iron found in Leaf (1965 ppm)
Antianginal
Niacin found in Leaf (86 ppm)
Antianorectic
Thiamin found in Leaf (0.6 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Leaf (53335 ppm)
Antiapoplectic
Rutin found in Leaf
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Leaf (53335 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (35276 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5030 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (408 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (53335 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5030 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (408 ppm)
Antiatherogenic
Rutin found in Leaf
Antiatherosclerotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5030 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (53335 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Leaf (0.6 ppm)
Antibacterial
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5030 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Leaf (0.6 ppm)
Anticancer
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (408 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Anticanker
Iron found in Leaf (1965 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (0.6 ppm)
Anticapillary-Fragility
Rutin found in Leaf
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (408 ppm)
Anticardiospasmic
Thiamin found in Leaf (0.6 ppm)
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Anticataract
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5030 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (86 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Leaf (0.6 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Riboflavin found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5030 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (408 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Leaf (1965 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Leaf (86 ppm)
Nicotinic-acid found in Leaf (19 ppm)
Anticlastogen
Rutin found in Leaf
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5030 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (53335 ppm)
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5030 ppm)
Anticolitic
Thiamin found in Leaf (0.6 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Niacin found in Leaf (86 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (408 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5030 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (0.6 ppm)
Antideliriant
Thiamin found in Leaf (0.6 ppm)
Antidementia
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5030 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (86 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Leaf (0.6 ppm)
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5030 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (53335 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (35276 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Niacin found in Leaf (86 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Antidiabetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5030 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (104000 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (86 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Antidyspeptic
Thiamin found in Leaf (0.6 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Leaf (86 ppm)
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5030 ppm)
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5030 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5030 ppm)
Antiencephalopathic
Thiamin found in Leaf (0.6 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5030 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Niacin found in Leaf (86 ppm)
Antierythemic
Rutin found in Leaf
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5030 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (35276 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (0.6 ppm)
Antifeedant
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5030 ppm)
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5030 ppm)
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5030 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (0.6 ppm)
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5030 ppm)
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5030 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Antiglossitic
Riboflavin found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5030 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (86 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (0.6 ppm)
Antiheartburn
Thiamin found in Leaf (0.6 ppm)
Antihematuric
Rutin found in Leaf
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5030 ppm)
Antihemorrhoidal
Rutin found in Leaf
Antihepatitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5030 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5030 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Leaf
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5030 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Leaf (0.6 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5030 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (86 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Leaf (86 ppm)
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (408 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Leaf (53335 ppm)
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Antihypertensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5030 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (53335 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (104000 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (35276 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (408 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5030 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Alpha-spinasterol found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5030 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Leaf
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Leaf (53335 ppm)
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Leaf (86 ppm)
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5030 ppm)
Antileukemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (408 ppm)
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (408 ppm)
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5030 ppm)
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (408 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Antimaculitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5030 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (408 ppm)
Antimalarial
Rutin found in Leaf
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (408 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5030 ppm)
Antimelanomic
Rutin found in Leaf
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5030 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (53335 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Leaf (1965 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Rutin found in Leaf
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5030 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (0.6 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5030 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (408 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antimyocarditic
Thiamin found in Leaf (0.6 ppm)
Antinephritic
Rutin found in Leaf
Antineuralgic
Niacin found in Leaf (86 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (0.6 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5030 ppm)
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Leaf (0.6 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thiamin found in Leaf (0.6 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Thiamin found in Leaf (0.6 ppm)
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5030 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Rutin found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Leaf
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5030 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (53335 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (104000 ppm)
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Leaf
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5030 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5030 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5030 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (53335 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (4600 ppm)
Antioxidant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5030 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (408 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Campesterol found in Leaf
Cholesterol found in Leaf
Riboflavin found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Leaf
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (408 ppm)
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (408 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5030 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (86 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5030 ppm)
Antipellagric
Niacin found in Leaf (86 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5030 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (53335 ppm)
Antiperoxidant
Rutin found in Leaf
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (408 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (408 ppm)
Antiplatelet
Rutin found in Leaf
Antipneumonic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5030 ppm)
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5030 ppm)
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5030 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (0.6 ppm)
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (408 ppm)
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Antiproliferant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (408 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Antiprotozoal
Rutin found in Leaf
Antipsoriac
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (408 ppm)
Antipurpuric
Rutin found in Leaf
Antipyretic
Alpha-spinasterol found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5030 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Antiradicular
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5030 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (408 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Antiretinotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5030 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5030 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (408 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (53335 ppm)
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5030 ppm)
Antischizophrenic
Nicotinic-acid found in Leaf (19 ppm)
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5030 ppm)
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Leaf (86 ppm)
Antiseptic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5030 ppm)
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5030 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5030 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (86 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (35276 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5030 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (408 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (53335 ppm)
Antistroke
Potassium found in Leaf (35276 ppm)
Antisunburn
Rutin found in Leaf
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5030 ppm)
Antithrombogenic
Rutin found in Leaf
Antithyroid
Rutin found in Leaf
Antithyrotoxic
Nicotinic-acid found in Leaf (19 ppm)
Antitic
Calcium found in Leaf (53335 ppm)
Antitrypanosomic
Rutin found in Leaf
Antitumor-Promoter
Rutin found in Leaf
Antitumor
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (408 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (104000 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Antiulcer
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5030 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (408 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (104000 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Antivaricose
Rutin found in Leaf
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Leaf (86 ppm)
Antiviral
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5030 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Leaf
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (408 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Leaf (53335 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (4600 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (35276 ppm)
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5030 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Leaf
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5030 ppm)
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Leaf (104000 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (35276 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5030 ppm)
COX-1-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (408 ppm)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (408 ppm)
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5030 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Leaf (53335 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5030 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (408 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Fiber found in Leaf (104000 ppm)
Mucilage found in Leaf
Niacin found in Leaf (86 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Leaf
Candidicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Capillariprotective
Rutin found in Leaf
Cardioprotective
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5030 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (104000 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (86 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (35276 ppm)
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Leaf (35276 ppm)
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Catabolic
Rutin found in Leaf
Chemopreventive
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (408 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Choleretic
Nicotinic-acid found in Leaf (19 ppm)
Circulotonic
Niacin found in Leaf (86 ppm)
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5030 ppm)
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5030 ppm)
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (408 ppm)
Cytoprotective
Rutin found in Leaf
Demulcent
Mucilage found in Leaf
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5030 ppm)
Diuretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5030 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (53335 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (104000 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (35276 ppm)
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Leaf
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Leaf (86 ppm)
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5030 ppm)
Gastroprotective
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (408 ppm)
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Hemostat
Rutin found in Leaf
Hepatomagenic
Rutin found in Leaf
Hepatoprotective
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Niacin found in Leaf (86 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Hepatotoxic
Niacin found in Leaf (86 ppm)
Hypertensive
Sodium found in Leaf (168 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5030 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Calcium found in Leaf (53335 ppm)
Campesterol found in Leaf
Fiber found in Leaf (104000 ppm)
Mucilage found in Leaf
Niacin found in Leaf (86 ppm)
Nicotinic-acid found in Leaf (19 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Leaf
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5030 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Niacin found in Leaf (86 ppm)
Nicotinic-acid found in Leaf (19 ppm)
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Niacin found in Leaf (86 ppm)
Hypotensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5030 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (53335 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (104000 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (35276 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Leaf (104000 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5030 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Immunostimulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5030 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (408 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (4600 ppm)
Insecticide
Rutin found in Leaf
Insectifuge
Thiamin found in Leaf (0.6 ppm)
Insectiphile
Rutin found in Leaf
Insulinase-Inhibitor
Nicotinic-acid found in Leaf (19 ppm)
Insulinotonic
Nicotinic-acid found in Leaf (19 ppm)
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (408 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5030 ppm)
Juvabional
Rutin found in Leaf
Larvistat
Rutin found in Leaf
Laxative
Calcium found in Leaf (53335 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (104000 ppm)
Lipolytic
Nicotinic-acid found in Leaf (19 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Leaf
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5030 ppm)
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (408 ppm)
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5030 ppm)
Mutagenic
Rutin found in Leaf
Myoprotective
Rutin found in Leaf
Myorelaxant
Rutin found in Leaf
Neuroprotective
Thiamin found in Leaf (0.6 ppm)
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Leaf (4600 ppm)
Oviposition-Stimulant
Rutin found in Leaf
Ovulant
Stigmasterol found in Leaf
PAF-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Leaf
Pesticide
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5030 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Leaf (0.6 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (408 ppm)
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (408 ppm)
Iron found in Leaf (1965 ppm)
Protisticide
Rutin found in Leaf
Radioprotective
Rutin found in Leaf
Sedative
Niacin found in Leaf (86 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Leaf
Serotoninergic
Niacin found in Leaf (86 ppm)
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Sunscreen
Rutin found in Leaf
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (408 ppm)
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Leaf
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Leaf (53335 ppm)
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (408 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5030 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5030 ppm)
Vasodilator
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5030 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (53335 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (104000 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (86 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (35276 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Vasopressor
Rutin found in Leaf
Vulnerary
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5030 ppm)
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Leaf

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Alpha-spinasterol Leaf
Alpha-spinasterol-octacosanoate Root
Alpha-spinasterol-saponin Root
Ascorbic-acid Leaf 98 5,030
Ash Leaf 26,000 240,000
Beta-carotene Leaf 65 408
Beta-sitosterol Leaf
Calcium Leaf 4,760 53,335
Campesterol Leaf
Carbohydrates Leaf 74,000 606,450
Cholesterol Leaf
Fat Leaf 3,000 45,000
Fiber Leaf 13,000 104,000
Hentriacontane Leaf
Iron Leaf 22 1,965
Kilocalories Leaf 450 2,760
Mucilage Leaf
Niacin Leaf 14 86
Nicotinic-acid Leaf 3 19
Oleanolic-acid-saponin Root
Phosphorus Leaf 500 4,600
Potassium Leaf 3,370 35,276
Protein Leaf 30,000 344,000
Riboflavin Leaf 1.6 20
Rutin Leaf
Sodium Leaf 60 168
Stigmasterol Leaf
Thiamin Leaf 0.1 0.6
Water Leaf 837,000 850,000
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]