Alphitonia excelsa Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
Cooper's-wood leather-jacket mountain-ash pink-almond red tweedie red-almond red-ash soaptree white-myrtle whiteleaf

Alphitonia excelsa, commonly known as the Red Ash or Soap Tree, is a species of tree in the Rhamnaceae family. It is endemic to Australia, being found in New South Wales, Queensland, Northern Territory and the northeastern tip of Western Australia. It is used in bush regeneration as a pioneer species and for amenity planting.

Alphitonia excelsa

Economic importance of Alphitonia excelsa

Animal food forage
Vertebrate poisons fish mamals

Gallery

Alphitonia excelsa Alphitonia excelsa Alphitonia excelsa Alphitonia excelsa Alphitonia excelsa Alphitonia excelsa Alphitonia excelsa Alphitonia excelsa Alphitonia excelsa Alphitonia excelsa Alphitonia excelsa Alphitonia excelsa Alphitonia excelsa Alphitonia excelsa Alphitonia excelsa Alphitonia excelsa

Geografical distribution

  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Native
    • Malesia: Indonesia - Celebes, Irian Jaya, Kalimantan, Lesser Sunda Islands, Moluccas; Malaysia - Sabah, Sarawak; Papua New Guinea; Philippines
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Native
    • Australia: Australia - New South Wales , Northern Territory , Queensland, Western Australia

Biological activities

Anthelmintic
Betulinic-acid found in Bark (8400 ppm);found in Wood (500 ppm);found in Leaf (8700 ppm)
AntiHIV
Betulin found in Bark (45 ppm);found in Wood
Betulinic-acid found in Bark (8400 ppm);found in Wood (500 ppm);found in Leaf (8700 ppm)
Antibacterial
Betulinic-acid found in Bark (8400 ppm);found in Wood (500 ppm);found in Leaf (8700 ppm)
Anticancer
Betulinic-acid found in Bark (8400 ppm);found in Wood (500 ppm);found in Leaf (8700 ppm)
Anticarcinomic
Betulin found in Bark (45 ppm);found in Wood
Betulinic-acid found in Bark (8400 ppm);found in Wood (500 ppm);found in Leaf (8700 ppm)
Antiedemic
Betulinic-acid found in Bark (8400 ppm);found in Wood (500 ppm);found in Leaf (8700 ppm)
Antifeedant
Betulin found in Bark (45 ppm);found in Wood
Antiflu
Betulin found in Bark (45 ppm);found in Wood
Antiinflammatory
Betulin found in Bark (45 ppm);found in Wood
Betulinic-acid found in Bark (8400 ppm);found in Wood (500 ppm);found in Leaf (8700 ppm)
Antileukemic
Betulinic-acid found in Bark (8400 ppm);found in Wood (500 ppm);found in Leaf (8700 ppm)
Antimalarial
Betulinic-acid found in Bark (8400 ppm);found in Wood (500 ppm);found in Leaf (8700 ppm)
Antimelanomic
Betulinic-acid found in Bark (8400 ppm);found in Wood (500 ppm);found in Leaf (8700 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Betulinic-acid found in Bark (8400 ppm);found in Wood (500 ppm);found in Leaf (8700 ppm)
Antiplasmodial
Betulinic-acid found in Bark (8400 ppm);found in Wood (500 ppm);found in Leaf (8700 ppm)
Antitumor
Betulin found in Bark (45 ppm);found in Wood
Betulinic-acid found in Bark (8400 ppm);found in Wood (500 ppm);found in Leaf (8700 ppm)
Antiviral
Betulin found in Bark (45 ppm);found in Wood
Betulinic-acid found in Bark (8400 ppm);found in Wood (500 ppm);found in Leaf (8700 ppm)
Aphidifuge
Betulin found in Bark (45 ppm);found in Wood
Apoptotic
Betulinic-acid found in Bark (8400 ppm);found in Wood (500 ppm);found in Leaf (8700 ppm)
Cytotoxic
Betulin found in Bark (45 ppm);found in Wood
Betulinic-acid found in Bark (8400 ppm);found in Wood (500 ppm);found in Leaf (8700 ppm)
Hypolipemic
Betulin found in Bark (45 ppm);found in Wood
Phospholipase-A2-Inhibitor
Betulinic-acid found in Bark (8400 ppm);found in Wood (500 ppm);found in Leaf (8700 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Betulin found in Bark (45 ppm);found in Wood
Betulinic-acid found in Bark (8400 ppm);found in Wood (500 ppm);found in Leaf (8700 ppm)
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Betulin found in Bark (45 ppm);found in Wood

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Betulin Bark 45
Wood
Betulinic-acid Bark 8,400
Wood 500
Leaf 8,700
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]