Alnus glutinosa Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
alder black alder European alder

Alnus glutinosa, the common alder, black alder, European alder or just alder, is a species of tree in the family Betulaceae, native to most of Europe, southwest Asia and northern Africa. It thrives in wet locations where its association with the bacterium Frankia alni enables it to grow in poor quality soils. It is a medium size, short-lived tree growing to a height of up to 30 metres. It has short-stalked rounded leaves and separate male and female flower in the form of catkins. The small, rounded fruits are cone-like and the seeds are dispersed by wind and water. The common alder provides food and shelter to wildlife, with a number of insects, lichens and fungi being completely dependent on the tree. It is a pioneer species, colonising vacant land and forming mixed forests as other trees appear in its wake. Eventually common alder dies out of woodlands because the seedlings need more light than is available on the forest floor. Its more usual habitat is forest edges, swamps and riverside corridors. The timber has been used in underwater foundations and for manufacture into paper and fibreboard, for smoking foods, for joinery, turnery and carving.

Alnus glutinosa

Medical use

Economic importance of Alnus glutinosa

Environmental erosion control ornamental soil improver
Materials wod
Medicines folklore
Weed potential sed contaminant

Gallery

Alnus glutinosa Alnus glutinosa Alnus glutinosa Alnus glutinosa Alnus glutinosa Alnus glutinosa Alnus glutinosa Alnus glutinosa Alnus glutinosa Alnus glutinosa Alnus glutinosa Alnus glutinosa Alnus glutinosa Alnus glutinosa Alnus glutinosa

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Morocco; Tunisia
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Western Asia: Iran; Turkey
    • Caucasus: Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia
    • Siberia: Russian Federation - Western Siberia
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan
  • EUROPE
    Native
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Ireland; Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    • East Europe: Belarus; Russian Federation - European part; Ukraine
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Italy; Macedonia; Montenegro; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Portugal; Spain

Biological activities

AGEs-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Bark
Aggregant
Sucrose found in Leaf
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Bark
Hyperoside found in Bark
Allergenic
Emodin found in Bark
Analgesic
Hyperoside found in Bark
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Anthelmintic
Tannin found in Bark (200000 ppm)
AntiEBV
Lupeol found in Bark
AntiHIV
Tannin found in Bark (200000 ppm)
AntiMRSA
Emodin found in Bark
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Antiaggregant
Emodin found in Bark
Antiaging
Hyperoside found in Bark
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Antiangiogenic
Emodin found in Bark
Lupeol found in Bark
Antibacterial
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Emodin found in Bark
Hyperoside found in Bark
Tannin found in Bark (200000 ppm)
Anticancer
Hyperoside found in Bark
Tannin found in Bark (200000 ppm)
Anticapillary-Fragility
Hyperoside found in Bark
Anticariogenic
Tannin found in Bark (200000 ppm)
Anticytomegalovirus
Emodin found in Bark
Antidermatitic
Hyperoside found in Bark
Antidiarrheic
Tannin found in Bark (200000 ppm)
Antidysenteric
Tannin found in Bark (200000 ppm)
Antiedemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Lupeol found in Bark
Antielastase
Hyperoside found in Bark
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Antifeedant
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Emodin found in Bark
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Antiflu
Hyperoside found in Bark
Lupeol found in Bark
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Antihepatotoxic
Hyperoside found in Bark
Tannin found in Bark (200000 ppm)
Antihiccup
Sucrose found in Leaf
Antihyperglycemic
Lupeol found in Bark
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Antihypertensive
Tannin found in Bark (200000 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Emodin found in Bark
Hyperoside found in Bark
Lupeol found in Bark
Antiischemic
Hyperoside found in Bark
Antileukemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Emodin found in Bark
Antilipolytic
Tannin found in Bark (200000 ppm)
Antilithic
Lupeol found in Bark
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Emodin found in Bark
Antimalarial
Lupeol found in Bark
Antimutagenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Emodin found in Bark
Tannin found in Bark (200000 ppm)
Antineoplastic
Emodin found in Bark
Antinephritic
Tannin found in Bark (200000 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Hyperoside found in Bark
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Tannin found in Bark (200000 ppm)
Antiophthalmic
Sucrose found in Leaf
Antioxalate
Lupeol found in Bark
Antioxidant
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Hyperoside found in Bark
Lupeol found in Bark
Sucrose found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (200000 ppm)
Antiperoxidant
Lupeol found in Bark
Antiplaque
Emodin found in Bark
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Antiproliferant
Emodin found in Bark
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Lupeol found in Bark
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Antipyretic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Antiradicular
Hyperoside found in Bark
Tannin found in Bark (200000 ppm)
Antirenitic
Tannin found in Bark (200000 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Lupeol found in Bark
Antisarcomic
Emodin found in Bark
Antisecretory
Taraxerol found in Bark
Antiseptic
Emodin found in Bark
Antispasmodic
Emodin found in Bark
Antisprout
Emodin found in Bark
Antitumor-Promoter
Tannin found in Bark (200000 ppm)
Antitumor
Lupeol found in Bark
Tannin found in Bark (200000 ppm)
Antitussive
Hyperoside found in Bark
Antiulcer
Emodin found in Bark
Tannin found in Bark (200000 ppm)
Taraxerol found in Bark
Antiurethrotic
Lupeol found in Bark
Antivaginitic
Emodin found in Bark
Antiviral
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Emodin found in Bark
Hyperoside found in Bark
Lupeol found in Bark
Tannin found in Bark (200000 ppm)
Antiwrinkle
Hyperoside found in Bark
Apoptotic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Atherogenic
Sucrose found in Leaf
CNS-Depressant
Emodin found in Bark
COX-2-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Bark
Calcium-Antagonist
Hyperoside found in Bark
Cancer-Preventive
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Hyperoside found in Bark
Tannin found in Bark (200000 ppm)
Candidicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Capillarifortificant
Hyperoside found in Bark
Capillarigenic
Hyperoside found in Bark
Carcinogenic
Tannin found in Bark (200000 ppm)
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Cathartic
Emodin found in Bark
Chelator
Tannin found in Bark (200000 ppm)
Collagenase-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Bark
Collyrium
Sucrose found in Leaf
Cyclooxygenase-Activator
Hyperoside found in Bark
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Bark (200000 ppm)
Cytotoxic
Emodin found in Bark
Lupeol found in Bark
Demulcent
Sucrose found in Leaf
Differentiator
Emodin found in Bark
Diuretic
Hyperoside found in Bark
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Emodin found in Bark
FPTase-Inhibitor
Lupeol found in Bark
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Flatugenic
Sucrose found in Leaf
Genotoxic
Emodin found in Bark
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Bark (200000 ppm)
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Gonadotropic
Emodin found in Bark
Hepatoprotective
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Hyperoside found in Bark
Tannin found in Bark (200000 ppm)
Hypercholesterolemic
Sucrose found in Leaf
Hypocholesterolemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Hypoglycemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Emodin found in Bark
Hypotensive
Hyperoside found in Bark
Lupeol found in Bark
Immunostimulant
Emodin found in Bark
Immunosuppressant
Emodin found in Bark
Tannin found in Bark (200000 ppm)
Juvabional
Brassinolide found in Plant
Leucocytogenic
Emodin found in Bark
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Bark (200000 ppm)
MAO-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Bark (200000 ppm)
MMP-2-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Bark
MMP-7-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Bark
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Bark
Mutagenic
Emodin found in Bark
NO-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Bark
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Bark (200000 ppm)
PGE2-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Bark
PTK-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Bark
Pesticide
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Brassinolide found in Plant
Emodin found in Bark
Hyperoside found in Bark
Lupeol found in Bark
Tannin found in Bark (200000 ppm)
Phytohormonal
Brassinolide found in Plant
Preservative
Sucrose found in Leaf
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Bark
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Bark
Psychotropic
Tannin found in Bark (200000 ppm)
Purgative
Emodin found in Bark
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Styptic
Emodin found in Bark
Sweetener
Sucrose found in Leaf
TOPO-2-Inhibitor
Lupeol found in Bark
Tissue-Thromboplastin-Inhibitor
Hyperoside found in Bark
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Bark
Trichomonicide
Emodin found in Bark
Triglycerigenic
Sucrose found in Leaf
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Bark
Ubiquiot
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Uricogenic
Sucrose found in Leaf
Vasodilator
Emodin found in Bark
Vasorelaxant
Emodin found in Bark
Vulnerary
Sucrose found in Leaf
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Hyperoside found in Bark
Tannin found in Bark (200000 ppm)
cAMP-Inhibitor
Hyperoside found in Bark
iNOS-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Bark

Search

Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
3-beta-hydroxyglutin-5-en Leaf
Alnincanone Plant
Alnulin Bark
Alnusfoliendiolone Leaf
Beta-sitosterol Bark
Brassinolide Plant
Castasterone Plant
Citrullin Bark
Delta-amyrenone Leaf
Emodin Bark
Glutinone Bark
Hyperoside Bark
L-ornithine Leaf
Lupeol Bark
Phlobaphene Bark
Protoalnulin Bark
Sucrose Leaf
Tannin Bark 200,000
Taraxerol Bark
Taraxerone Plant
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]