Alliaria petiolata Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
garlic mustard hedge-garlic jack-by-the-hedge
Alliaria petiolata

Medical use

Economic importance of Alliaria petiolata

Food additives flavoring
Medicines folklore

Gallery

Alliaria petiolata Alliaria petiolata Alliaria petiolata Alliaria petiolata Alliaria petiolata Alliaria petiolata Alliaria petiolata Alliaria petiolata Alliaria petiolata Alliaria petiolata Alliaria petiolata Alliaria petiolata Alliaria petiolata Alliaria petiolata

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • Northern Africa: Morocco; Tunisia
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan; Cyprus; Iran; Iraq; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
    • Caucasus: Armenia; Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia, Dagestan
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan
    • China: China - Xinjiang, Xizang
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Native
    • Indian Subcontinent: India ; Nepal; Pakistan
  • EUROPE
    Native
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Ireland; Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    • East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova; Russian Federation - European part; Ukraine
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Italy ; Macedonia; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France ; Portugal; Spain
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Naturalized
    • Canada
    • United States
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Naturalized
    • Southern South America: Argentina - Neuquen, Rio Negro

Biological activities

5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (48400 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Plant (15400 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Plant (8800 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (880 ppm)
Acantholytic
Allyl-sulfide found in Plant
Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Albuminurigenic
Benzyl-isothiocyanate found in Essential Oil (25 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Allergenic
Allyl-isothiocyanate found in Plant (460 ppm)
Allyl-sulfide found in Plant
Benzyl-isothiocyanate found in Essential Oil (25 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Plant (15400 ppm)
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Plant (15400 ppm)
Analgesic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Plant (15400 ppm)
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Anthelmintic
Benzyl-isothiocyanate found in Essential Oil (25 ppm)
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (48400 ppm)
Antiacne
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (48400 ppm)
Antiaggregant
Allyl-sulfide found in Plant
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Antiallergic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Antialopecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (48400 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Plant (15400 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Plant (8800 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Antianaphylactic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (48400 ppm)
Antiandrogenic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (48400 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Plant (15400 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Plant (8800 ppm)
Antiarteriosclerotic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (48400 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (48400 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Allyl-isothiocyanate found in Plant (460 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Benzyl-isothiocyanate found in Essential Oil (25 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Antibacterial
Allyl-sulfide found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Benzyl-isothiocyanate found in Essential Oil (25 ppm)
Diallyl-sulfide found in Seed (960 ppm)
Sinapic-acid found in Seed
Squalene found in Plant
Antibiotic
Benzyl-isothiocyanate found in Essential Oil (25 ppm)
Anticataract
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Glycerol found in Plant
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Anticoronary
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (48400 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Antidementia
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Antidiabetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Antiear-wax
Glycerol found in Plant
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (48400 ppm)
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Antifeedant
Allyl-isothiocyanate found in Plant (460 ppm)
Sinigrin found in Plant
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (48400 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Plant (8800 ppm)
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (48400 ppm)
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Antihepatitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Sinapic-acid found in Seed
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (48400 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Antiinfertility
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Antiinflammatory
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (48400 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Plant (15400 ppm)
Antiketotic
Glycerol found in Plant
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Antileukotriene-D4
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (48400 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Plant (15400 ppm)
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Antimaculitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Antimenorrhagic
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (48400 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Plant
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Antimutagenic
Allyl-isothiocyanate found in Plant (460 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Benzyl-isothiocyanate found in Essential Oil (25 ppm)
Diallyl-sulfide found in Seed (960 ppm)
Antineoplastic
Benzyl-isothiocyanate found in Essential Oil (25 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Glycerol found in Plant
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Antinitrosaminic
Benzyl-isothiocyanate found in Essential Oil (25 ppm)
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Antioxidant
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Diallyl-sulfide found in Seed (960 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Plant (8800 ppm)
Sinapic-acid found in Seed
Squalene found in Plant
Antiparkinsonian
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Antiperoxynitrite
Sinapic-acid found in Seed
Antipneumonic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Antiprostatitic
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (48400 ppm)
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Antiradicular
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Antiretinotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Antirheumatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Antiseptic
Allyl-isothiocyanate found in Plant (460 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Diallyl-sulfide found in Seed (960 ppm)
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Antispasmodic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Antistaphylococcic
Diallyl-sulfide found in Seed (960 ppm)
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Antitumor
Benzyl-isothiocyanate found in Essential Oil (25 ppm)
Diallyl-sulfide found in Seed (960 ppm)
Erucic-acid found in Seed (170940 ppm)
Squalene found in Plant
Antiulcer
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Antiviral
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Benzyl-isothiocyanate found in Essential Oil (25 ppm)
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Arrhythmigenic
Glycerol found in Plant
Arylamine-N-Acetyltransferase-Inhibitor
Diallyl-sulfide found in Seed (960 ppm)
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Cancer-Preventive
Allyl-isothiocyanate found in Plant (460 ppm)
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (48400 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Plant (15400 ppm)
Sinapic-acid found in Seed
Sinigrin found in Plant
Squalene found in Plant
Carcinogenic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (48400 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Chemopreventive
Squalene found in Plant
Choleretic
Oleic-acid found in Plant (15400 ppm)
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (48400 ppm)
Cosmetic
Stearic-acid found in Seed (880 ppm)
Counterirritant
Allyl-isothiocyanate found in Plant (460 ppm)
Cytochrome-P450-2E1-Inhibitor
Diallyl-sulfide found in Seed (960 ppm)
Decongestant
Allyl-isothiocyanate found in Plant (460 ppm)
Dermatitigenic
Oleic-acid found in Plant (15400 ppm)
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Diuretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Embryotoxic
Allyl-isothiocyanate found in Plant (460 ppm)
Emollient
Glycerol found in Plant
FLavor
Diallyl-sulfide found in Seed (960 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Plant (15400 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Plant (8800 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (880 ppm)
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Flatulent
Benzyl-isothiocyanate found in Essential Oil (25 ppm)
Fungicide
Allyl-isothiocyanate found in Plant (460 ppm)
Benzyl-isothiocyanate found in Essential Oil (25 ppm)
Sinapic-acid found in Seed
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Plant (8800 ppm)
Hepatoprotective
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (48400 ppm)
Herbicide
Allyl-isothiocyanate found in Plant (460 ppm)
Benzyl-isothiocyanate found in Essential Oil (25 ppm)
Hypercholesterolemic
Palmitic-acid found in Plant (8800 ppm)
Hyperglycemic
Glycerol found in Plant
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Diallyl-sulfide found in Seed (960 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (48400 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Plant (15400 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (880 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Hypotensive
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Immunomodulator
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (48400 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Squalene found in Plant
Insecticide
Benzyl-isothiocyanate found in Essential Oil (25 ppm)
Insectifuge
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (48400 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Plant (15400 ppm)
Insectiphile
Allyl-isothiocyanate found in Plant (460 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Irritant
Benzyl-isothiocyanate found in Essential Oil (25 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Plant (15400 ppm)
Larvicide
Sinigrin found in Plant
Laxative
Benzyl-isothiocyanate found in Essential Oil (25 ppm)
Lipolytic
Diallyl-sulfide found in Seed (960 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Squalene found in Plant
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Lubricant
Erucic-acid found in Seed (170940 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Plant (8800 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (880 ppm)
Lymphocytogenic
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Plant
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (48400 ppm)
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Mutagenic
Allyl-isothiocyanate found in Plant (460 ppm)
Sinigrin found in Plant
Nematicide
Benzyl-isothiocyanate found in Essential Oil (25 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (48400 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Plant (8800 ppm)
Nematiovistat
Allyl-isothiocyanate found in Plant (460 ppm)
Occuloirritant
Diallyl-sulfide found in Seed (960 ppm)
Pemphigenic
Allyl-sulfide found in Plant
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Plant (15400 ppm)
Perfumery
Oleic-acid found in Plant (15400 ppm)
Squalene found in Plant
Stearic-acid found in Seed (880 ppm)
Pesticide
Allyl-isothiocyanate found in Plant (460 ppm)
Allyl-sulfide found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Benzyl-isothiocyanate found in Essential Oil (25 ppm)
Diallyl-sulfide found in Seed (960 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Plant (8800 ppm)
Sinapic-acid found in Seed
Sinigrin found in Plant
Squalene found in Plant
Phagocytotic
Sinigrin found in Plant
Propecic
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (48400 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Plant (15400 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Plant (8800 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (880 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Plant
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Sinigrin found in Plant
Radioprotective
Diallyl-sulfide found in Seed (960 ppm)
Respiradepressant
Allyl-sulfide found in Plant
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Plant (8800 ppm)
Spice
Allyl-isothiocyanate found in Plant (460 ppm)
Sunscreen
Squalene found in Plant
Suppository
Stearic-acid found in Seed (880 ppm)
Triglycerolytic
Diallyl-sulfide found in Seed (960 ppm)
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Vasodilator
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Viristat
Benzyl-isothiocyanate found in Essential Oil (25 ppm)
Vulnerary
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
1-cyano-2,3-epithiopropane Plant
2-butyl-glucosinolate Plant
Alliaroside Leaf
Allyl-glucosinolate Plant
Allyl-isothiocyanate Plant 40 460
Allyl-sulfide Plant
Alpha-linoleic-acid Plant
Alpha-linolenic-acid Plant
Arachidic-acid Seed 880
Ascorbic-acid Plant
Benzyl-glucosinolate Plant
Benzyl-isothiocyanate Essential Oil 2 25
Beta-linolenic-acid Plant
But-3-enyl-isothiocyanate Plant
Cardeonlides Seed
Carotene Plant
Diallyl-sulfide Seed 500 960
Eicosadienic-acid Seed 1,760
Eicosenoic-acid Seed 8,800
Eo Plant 50 520
Seed 5,000 9,600
Root 330 930
Erucic-acid Seed 103,400 170,940
Fat Seed 220,000
Feruloyl-choline Seed
Feruloyl-isocholine Seed
Glycerol Plant
Glycolic-acid-oxidase Plant
Isothiocyanates Essential Oil 45 468
Linoleic-acid Seed 48,400
Linolenic-acid Seed 8,800
Myrosin Plant
Oleic-acid Plant 15,400
Palmitic-acid Plant 8,800
Prop-2-enyl-isothiocyanate Plant
Protein Seed 280,000
Saponarin Plant
Sinapic-acid Seed
Sinapic-acid-o-beta-d-glucopyranoside Seed
Sinapine Seed
Sinapine-o-beta-d-glucopyranoside Seed
Sinigrin Plant
Squalene Plant
Stearic-acid Seed 880
Tetracosadienoic-acid Seed 17,600
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]