Aletris farinosa Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
agueroot colicroot crow-corn mealy star-grass mealy starwort unicorn-root white star-grass

Aletris farinosa, called the Unicorn root, crow-corn, white colic-root or white stargrass, is a plant species found across much of the eastern United States. It has also been reported from the southern part of Ontario, Canada. It is known from every state east of the Mississippi River except Vermont, as well as Texas, Oklahoma, Arkansas and Louisiana. Aletris farinosa is a perennial herb spreading by means of underground rhizomes and forming rosettes of leaves. Leaves are narrow, up to 20 cm long, bright yellowish-green. Flowering stalks can be as much as 100 cm tall. Flowers are white, up to 10 mm long. Fruit is a dry capsule tapering at the tip.

Aletris farinosa

Medical use

Economic importance of Aletris farinosa

Environmental ornamental
Medicines folklore

Gallery

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Geografical distribution

  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Eastern Canada: Canada - Ontario
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, Indiana , Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan , New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, West Virginia
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois , Oklahoma , Wisconsin
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida , Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas

Biological activities

Antifatigue
Diosgenin found in Root
Antiinflammatory
Diosgenin found in Root
Antistress
Diosgenin found in Root
Estrogenic
Diosgenin found in Root
Hepatoprotective
Diosgenin found in Root
Hypocholesterolemic
Diosgenin found in Root
Mastogenic
Diosgenin found in Root

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Alkaloids Root
Diosgenin Root
Saponin Root
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]