Albizia lebbeck Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
acacia-tree Broome raintree East Indian-walnut frywood Indian siris koko lebbek lebbektree powderpuff-tree siristree women's-tongue-tree

Albizia lebbeck is a species of Albizia, native to Indomalaya, New Guinea and Northern Australia and widely cultivated and naturalised in other tropical and subtropical regions. English names for it include Lebbeck, Lebbek Tree, Flea Tree, Frywood, Koko and Woman's tongues Tree. The latter name is a play on the sound the seeds make as they rattle inside the pods. Being one of the most widespread and common species of Albizia worldwide, it is often simply called "siris" though this name may refer to any locally common member of the genus. It is a tree growing to a height of 18–30 m tall with a trunk 50 cm to 1 m in diameter. The leaves are bipinnate, 7.5–15 cm long, with one to four pairs of pinnae, each pinna with 6–18 leaflets. The flowers are white, with numerous 2.5–3.8 cm long stamens, and very fragrant. The fruit is a pod 15–30 cm long and 2.5-5.0 cm broad, containing six to twelve seeds.

Albizia lebbeck

Medical use

Economic importance of Albizia lebbeck

Environmental agroforestry ornamental revegetator shade/shelter soil improver
Animal food forage
Fuels potential as fuelwod
Materials beads gum/resin
Medicines folklore
Weed potential sed contaminant

Gallery

Albizia lebbeck Albizia lebbeck Albizia lebbeck Albizia lebbeck Albizia lebbeck Albizia lebbeck Albizia lebbeck Albizia lebbeck Albizia lebbeck Albizia lebbeck Albizia lebbeck Albizia lebbeck Albizia lebbeck

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Naturalized
    • Macaronesia: Cape Verde
    • Africa
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Naturalized
    • Mexico
    • United States
  • PACIFIC
    Naturalized
    • North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
    • South-Central Pacific: French Polynesia
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Naturalized
    • Caribbean: West Indies
    • Mesoamerica: Central America
    • South America

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
ATPase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Abortifacient
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (17 ppm)
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (17 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Allelochemic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Allergenic
Benzoic-acid found in Flower
Benzyl-alcohol found in Flower
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Niacin found in Seed (52 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Analgesic
Alpha-amyrin found in Flower
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (17 ppm)
Beta-amyrin found in Flower
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Anesthetic
Benzoic-acid found in Flower
Benzyl-alcohol found in Flower
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (17 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (190000 ppm);found in Seed (42000 ppm)
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Anthelmintic
Tannin found in Bark (110000 ppm)
AntiADD
Phenylalanine found in Seed
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (17 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (17 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (17 ppm)
AntiEBV
Lupeol found in Flower
AntiGTF
Quercetin found in Leaf
AntiHIV
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Lignin found in Wood (220000 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (110000 ppm)
AntiLegionella
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (17 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (52 ppm)
AntiPGE2
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
AntiPMS
Calcium found in Leaf (104000 ppm);found in Seed (1720 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
AntiTGF-beta
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Seed (52 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Antiadenoviral
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Antiaflatoxin
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiaggregant
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (17 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (17 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Seed (115 ppm)
Antialkalotic
Lysine found in Seed
Antiallergic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (17 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (104000 ppm);found in Seed (1720 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Niacin found in Seed (52 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antialzheimeran
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (17 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (52 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Seed (52 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Antianemic
Iron found in Seed (115 ppm)
Antianginal
Niacin found in Seed (52 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Lupeol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Leaf (104000 ppm);found in Seed (1720 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Leaf (104000 ppm);found in Seed (1720 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Antiarteriosclerotic
Histidine found in Seed
Antiarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (17 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (104000 ppm);found in Seed (1720 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiasthmatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (17 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiatherogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Antiatherosclerotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (17 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (104000 ppm);found in Seed (1720 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antibacterial
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (17 ppm)
Benzoic-acid found in Flower
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Lignin found in Wood (220000 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (110000 ppm)
Anticancer
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Lignin found in Wood (220000 ppm)
Tannin found in Bark (110000 ppm)
Anticanker
Iron found in Seed (115 ppm)
Anticarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Anticarcinomic
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Anticariogenic
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (110000 ppm)
Anticataract
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (17 ppm)
Methionine found in Seed
Niacin found in Seed (52 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (17 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Seed (115 ppm)
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Seed (52 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (17 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (104000 ppm);found in Seed (1720 ppm)
Anticoagulant
D-catechin found in Bark
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (17 ppm)
Anticolitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Anticomplement
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Anticomplementary
Quercetin found in Leaf
Anticonvulsant
Niacin found in Seed (52 ppm)
Anticoronary
Lignin found in Wood (220000 ppm)
Anticystitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (17 ppm)
Antidementia
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (17 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (52 ppm)
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (17 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Calcium found in Leaf (104000 ppm);found in Seed (1720 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antidermatitic
Niacin found in Seed (52 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antidiabetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (17 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (190000 ppm);found in Seed (42000 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (52 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antidiarrheic
Lignin found in Wood (220000 ppm)
Tannin found in Bark (110000 ppm)
Antidysenteric
Tannin found in Bark (110000 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Seed (52 ppm)
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (17 ppm)
Methionine found in Seed
Antiedemic
Alpha-amyrin found in Flower
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (17 ppm)
Beta-amyrin found in Flower
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Lupeol found in Flower
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Antielastase
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (17 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiencephalopathic
Arginine found in Seed
Leucine found in Seed
Tyrosine found in Seed
Valine found in Seed
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (17 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Niacin found in Seed (52 ppm)
Antiescherichic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (17 ppm)
Antifeedant
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Antifibrosarcomic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (17 ppm)
Antiflu
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Lupeol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (17 ppm)
Antigastric
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (17 ppm)
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (17 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (17 ppm)
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Antigonadotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (17 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (52 ppm)
Antihemolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (17 ppm)
Antihepatitic
Arginine found in Seed
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (17 ppm)
Antihepatoadenomic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Antihepatotic
Methionine found in Seed
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (17 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (110000 ppm)
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (17 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Lysine found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (17 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Niacin found in Seed (52 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antihydrophobic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Seed (52 ppm)
Antihypercholesterolemic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Antihyperglycemic
Lupeol found in Flower
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Leaf (104000 ppm);found in Seed (1720 ppm)
Antihyperlipidemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Antihypertensive
Arginine found in Seed
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (17 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (104000 ppm);found in Seed (1720 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (190000 ppm);found in Seed (42000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (110000 ppm)
Antihyperthyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Antiimplantation
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antiimpotence
Arginine found in Seed
Antiinfertility
Arginine found in Seed
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (17 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Alpha-amyrin found in Flower
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (17 ppm)
Beta-amyrin found in Flower
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Friedelin found in Bark
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Lupeol found in Flower
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Leaf (104000 ppm);found in Seed (1720 ppm)
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Seed (52 ppm)
Antiischemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Antileishmanic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (17 ppm)
Antileukemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antileukotriene
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antilipolytic
Tannin found in Bark (110000 ppm)
Antilipoperoxidant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (17 ppm)
Lupeol found in Flower
Antilymphocytic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Antimaculitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (17 ppm)
Antimalarial
Lupeol found in Flower
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (17 ppm)
Antimelanogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Antimelanomic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (17 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (104000 ppm);found in Seed (1720 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Seed (115 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (17 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (17 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (110000 ppm)
Antimyocarditic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antineoplastic
Leucopelargonidin found in Wood
Antinephritic
Histidine found in Seed
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Tannin found in Bark (110000 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Niacin found in Seed (52 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (17 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Lignin found in Wood (220000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (17 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Alpha-amyrin found in Flower
Beta-amyrin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (17 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (104000 ppm);found in Seed (1720 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (190000 ppm);found in Seed (42000 ppm)
Antiodontalgic
Benzyl-alcohol found in Flower
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (110000 ppm)
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (17 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (17 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (17 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (104000 ppm);found in Seed (1720 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (400 ppm);found in Seed (6200 ppm)
Antiotitic
Benzoic-acid found in Flower
Antioxalate
Lupeol found in Flower
Antioxidant
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (17 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Histidine found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Lignin found in Wood (220000 ppm)
Lupeol found in Flower
Methionine found in Seed
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (110000 ppm)
Antipancreatitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiparkinsonian
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (17 ppm)
Methionine found in Seed
Niacin found in Seed (52 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Seed
Tyrosine found in Seed
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (17 ppm)
Antipellagric
Isoleucine found in Seed
Niacin found in Seed (52 ppm)
Antiperiodontal
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiperiodontic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (17 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (104000 ppm);found in Seed (1720 ppm)
Antiperistaltic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipermeability
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiperoxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Lupeol found in Flower
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipharyngitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiphenylketonuric
Tyrosine found in Seed
Antiphosphorylation
Okanin found in Wood
Antiplaque
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiplasmodial
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipneumonic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (17 ppm)
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (17 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipolio
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (17 ppm)
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Antiproliferant
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Lupeol found in Flower
Antiprostanoid
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipruritic
Benzyl-alcohol found in Flower
Antipsoriac
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (17 ppm)
Benzoic-acid found in Flower
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Antiradicular
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (17 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (110000 ppm)
Antirenitic
Tannin found in Bark (110000 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (17 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (17 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (104000 ppm);found in Seed (1720 ppm)
Lupeol found in Flower
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (17 ppm)
Antisalmonella
Benzoic-acid found in Flower
Antisarcomic
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (17 ppm)
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Seed (52 ppm)
Antiseptic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (17 ppm)
Benzoic-acid found in Flower
Benzyl-alcohol found in Flower
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Antiserotonin
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (17 ppm)
Antisickling
Phenylalanine found in Seed
Antispasmodic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (17 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Niacin found in Seed (52 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antistaphylococcic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Antistomatitic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Antistreptococcic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (17 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (104000 ppm);found in Seed (1720 ppm)
Antisunburn
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (17 ppm)
Antithiamin
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antithrombic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antithyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Antitic
Calcium found in Leaf (104000 ppm);found in Seed (1720 ppm)
Antitrypanosomic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antitumor-Promoter
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (110000 ppm)
Antitumor
Alpha-amyrin found in Flower
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Fiber found in Leaf (190000 ppm);found in Seed (42000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Lignin found in Wood (220000 ppm)
Lupeol found in Flower
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (110000 ppm)
Antiulcer
Alpha-amyrin found in Flower
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (17 ppm)
Beta-amyrin found in Flower
Fiber found in Leaf (190000 ppm);found in Seed (42000 ppm)
Histidine found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (110000 ppm)
Threonine found in Seed
Tyrosine found in Seed
Antiulcerogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Antiuremic
Histidine found in Seed
Antiurethrotic
Lupeol found in Flower
Antivaccinia
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Seed (52 ppm)
Antiviral
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (17 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Lignin found in Wood (220000 ppm)
Lupeol found in Flower
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (110000 ppm)
Antivitiligic
Phenylalanine found in Seed
Antiyeast
Benzoic-acid found in Flower
Anxiolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Calcium found in Leaf (104000 ppm);found in Seed (1720 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (400 ppm);found in Seed (6200 ppm)
Aphrodisiac
Arginine found in Seed
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (17 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (17 ppm)
Bacteristat
Quercetin found in Leaf
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Leaf (190000 ppm);found in Seed (42000 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (17 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Bradycardiac
Quercetin found in Leaf
CNS-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
COMT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
COX-2-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (17 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Leaf (104000 ppm);found in Seed (1720 ppm)
Calmodulin-Antagonist
Quercetin found in Leaf
Cancer-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (17 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
D-catechin found in Bark
Fiber found in Leaf (190000 ppm);found in Seed (42000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Methionine found in Seed
Niacin found in Seed (52 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (110000 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Seed
Candidicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Quercetin found in Leaf
Capillariprotective
Quercetin found in Leaf
Carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (110000 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (17 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (190000 ppm);found in Seed (42000 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (52 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Cardiotonic
D-catechin found in Bark
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Catabolic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Chelator
Lignin found in Wood (220000 ppm)
Tannin found in Bark (110000 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Cholagogue
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Choleretic
Benzoic-acid found in Flower
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Circulotonic
Niacin found in Seed (52 ppm)
Clastogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Co-carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (17 ppm)
Collagen-Sparing
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (17 ppm)
Copper-Chelator
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (110000 ppm)
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Cytoprotective
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Cytotoxic
Alpha-amyrin found in Flower
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Lupeol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Leaf
DNA-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
DNA-Protective
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (17 ppm)
Differentiator
Quercetin found in Leaf
Diuretic
Arginine found in Seed
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (17 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Calcium found in Leaf (104000 ppm);found in Seed (1720 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (190000 ppm);found in Seed (42000 ppm)
Friedelin found in Bark
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Elastase-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Emetic
Methionine found in Seed
Essential
Histidine found in Seed
Isoleucine found in Seed
Leucine found in Seed
Lysine found in Seed
Methionine found in Seed
Threonine found in Seed
Valine found in Seed
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Expectorant
Benzoic-acid found in Flower
FLavor
Benzoic-acid found in Flower
Benzyl-alcohol found in Flower
Threonine found in Seed
Valine found in Seed
FPTase-Inhibitor
Lupeol found in Flower
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Seed (52 ppm)
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (17 ppm)
Fungicide
Benzoic-acid found in Flower
Benzyl-alcohol found in Flower
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Gastroprotective
Alpha-amyrin found in Flower
Beta-amyrin found in Flower
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (110000 ppm)
Glutathionigenic
Methionine found in Seed
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Hemostat
Cellulose found in Wood (769000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Hepatocarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Hepatomagenic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Hepatoprotective
Alpha-amyrin found in Flower
Beta-amyrin found in Flower
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Methionine found in Seed
Niacin found in Seed (52 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (110000 ppm)
Hepatotoxic
Niacin found in Seed (52 ppm)
Hepatotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Histamine-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Hypoammonemic
Arginine found in Seed
Hypoarginanemic
Lysine found in Seed
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (17 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Calcium found in Leaf (104000 ppm);found in Seed (1720 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (190000 ppm);found in Seed (42000 ppm)
Lignin found in Wood (220000 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (52 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (17 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Niacin found in Seed (52 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Hypolipemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Niacin found in Seed (52 ppm)
Hypotensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (17 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (104000 ppm);found in Seed (1720 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (190000 ppm);found in Seed (42000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Lupeol found in Flower
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Leaf (190000 ppm);found in Seed (42000 ppm)
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Immunomodulator
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (17 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Immunostimulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (17 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Phosphorus found in Leaf (400 ppm);found in Seed (6200 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Tannin found in Bark (110000 ppm)
Inotropic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Insectifuge
Alpha-amyrin found in Flower
Benzoic-acid found in Flower
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Insulinogenic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (17 ppm)
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
JNK-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Juvabional
Quercetin found in Leaf
Larvicide
Beta-amyrin found in Flower
Larvistat
Quercetin found in Leaf
Laxative
Calcium found in Leaf (104000 ppm);found in Seed (1720 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (190000 ppm);found in Seed (42000 ppm)
Lignin found in Wood (220000 ppm)
Leucocytogenic
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Lipotropic
Methionine found in Seed
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (110000 ppm)
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (17 ppm)
Lyase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
MAO-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (110000 ppm)
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Quercetin found in Leaf
Metal-Chelator
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Monoamine-Precursor
Phenylalanine found in Seed
Tyrosine found in Seed
Mosquitocide
Beta-amyrin found in Flower
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (17 ppm)
Mutagenic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
NEP-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
NO-Genic
Arginine found in Seed
NO-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Natriuretic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Neuroprotective
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (110000 ppm)
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Leaf (400 ppm);found in Seed (6200 ppm)
Oxidant
Histidine found in Seed
P450-Inducer
Quercetin found in Leaf
P450-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
PAF-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
PGE2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
PTK-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Pesticide
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (17 ppm)
Benzoic-acid found in Flower
Benzyl-alcohol found in Flower
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Lignin found in Wood (220000 ppm)
Lupeol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (110000 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Phytoalexin
Benzoic-acid found in Flower
Pigment
Okanin found in Wood
Piscicide
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Pituitary-Stimulant
Arginine found in Seed
Plasmodicide
Quercetin found in Leaf
Proliferant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Prooxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Iron found in Seed (115 ppm)
Prostaglandigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Quercetin found in Leaf
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Protisticide
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Psychotropic
Tannin found in Bark (110000 ppm)
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Sedative
Benzyl-alcohol found in Flower
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Niacin found in Seed (52 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Serotoninergic
Niacin found in Seed (52 ppm)
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Spermigenic
Arginine found in Seed
Sunscreen
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
TOPO-2-Inhibitor
Lupeol found in Flower
Teratologic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Leaf (104000 ppm);found in Seed (1720 ppm)
Tremorigenic
Phenylalanine found in Seed
Tumorigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Benzoic-acid found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Ubiquiot
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (17 ppm)
Benzoic-acid found in Flower
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (17 ppm)
Urine-Acidifier
Methionine found in Seed
Urine-Deodorant
Methionine found in Seed
Uterotonic
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Uterotrophic
Kaempferol found in Leaf
VEGF-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Vasoconstrictor
D-catechin found in Bark
Vasodilator
Arginine found in Seed
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (17 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (104000 ppm);found in Seed (1720 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (190000 ppm);found in Seed (42000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Niacin found in Seed (52 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Vasopressor
Oleanolic-acid found in Seed
Vulnerary
Ascorbic-acid found in Seed (17 ppm)
Benzoic-acid found in Flower
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (110000 ppm)
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
iNOS-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
(+)-pinitol Wood
Acacic-acid Seed
Albigenic-acid Seed
Albigenin Seed
Albizziagenin Seed
Alpha-amyrin Flower
Alpha-cellulose Wood 456,000
Arginine Seed
Ascorbic-acid Seed 17
Ash Leaf 101,000 104,000
Seed 42,000
Benzoic-acid Flower
Benzyl-alcohol Flower
Beta-amyrin Flower
Beta-sitosterol Bark
Caffeic-acid Leaf
Calcium Leaf 10,100 104,000
Seed 1,720
Carbohydrates Leaf 525,000 613,000
Seed 495,000
Cellulose Wood 769,000
D-catechin Bark
Echinocystic-acid Seed
Fat Leaf 85,000 160,000
Seed 68,000
Fiber Leaf 176,000 190,000
Seed 42,000
Friedelin Bark
Histidine Seed
Iron Seed 115
Isoleucine Seed
Kaempferol Leaf
Lebbecacidin Wood
Lebbekanins Plant
Leucanthocyanidin Bark
Leucine Seed
Leucopelargonidin Wood
Lignin Wood 220,000
Lupeol Flower
Lysine Seed
Melacacidin Wood
Melanoxetin Wood
Methionine Seed
Niacin Seed 52
Okanin Wood
Oleanolic-acid Seed
P-nitrobenzoate Flower
Pentosans Wood 200,000
Phenylalanine Seed
Phosphorus Leaf 300 400
Seed 6,200
Protein Leaf 201,000 211,000
Seed 395,000
Quercetin Leaf
Tannin Bark 70,000 110,000
Threonine Seed
Tyrosine Seed
Valine Seed
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]