Ajuga reptans Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
ajuga blue bugle bugle bugleherb bugleweed common bugle

Ajuga reptans, commonly known as bugle, blue bugle, bugleherb, bugleweed, carpetweed, carpet bungleweed, common bugle, is an herbaceous flowering plant native to Europe. It is invasive in parts of North America. Grown as a garden plant it provides useful groundcover. Numerous cultivars have been selected, of which 'Caitlin's Giant' has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit. Ajuga reptans has dark green leaves with purple highlights. It is a spreading ground cover that grows in a dense mat. The leaves grow 5–8 cm high but in the spring it sends up 10–15 cm tall flower stalks with many purple flowers on them.

Ajuga reptans

Medical use

Economic importance of Ajuga reptans

Environmental ornamental
Medicines folklore
Weed potential sed contaminant

Gallery

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Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • Northern Africa: Algeria ; Tunisia
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Western Asia: Iran ; Turkey
    • Caucasus: Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia, Dagestan
  • EUROPE
    Native
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Ireland; Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czechoslovakia; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Switzerland
    • East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Russian Federation - European part; Ukraine
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Former Yugoslavia; Greece; Italy ; Romania
    • Southwestern Europe: Portugal; Spain

Biological activities

Allelochemic
Cyanidin found in Plant
Delphinidin found in Plant
Allergenic
Delphinidin found in Plant
Anabolic
Cyasterone found in Plant
Analgesic
Harpagide found in Plant
Anthelmintic
Tannin found in Plant (150000 ppm)
AntiHIV
Tannin found in Plant (150000 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Harpagide found in Plant
Antibacterial
Aucubin found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant (150000 ppm)
Anticancer
Tannin found in Plant (150000 ppm)
Anticariogenic
Tannin found in Plant (150000 ppm)
Antidiarrheic
Tannin found in Plant (150000 ppm)
Antidysenteric
Tannin found in Plant (150000 ppm)
Antiedemic
Aucubin found in Plant
Antigonadotrophic
Cyasterone found in Plant
Antihepatotoxic
Tannin found in Plant (150000 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Tannin found in Plant (150000 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Aucubin found in Plant
Harpagide found in Plant
Antileukemic
Aucubin found in Plant
Antilipolytic
Tannin found in Plant (150000 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Tannin found in Plant (150000 ppm)
Antinephritic
Tannin found in Plant (150000 ppm)
Antiophidic
Tannin found in Plant (150000 ppm)
Antioxidant
Aucubin found in Plant
Cyanidin found in Plant
Delphinidin found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant (150000 ppm)
Antiprolactin
Aucubin found in Plant
Antiradicular
Tannin found in Plant (150000 ppm)
Antirenitic
Tannin found in Plant (150000 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
Aucubin found in Plant
Antitumor-Promoter
Tannin found in Plant (150000 ppm)
Antitumor
Tannin found in Plant (150000 ppm)
Antiulcer
Tannin found in Plant (150000 ppm)
Antiviral
Tannin found in Plant (150000 ppm)
Calcium-Antagonist
Harpagide found in Plant
Cancer-Preventive
Delphinidin found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant (150000 ppm)
Candidicide
Aucubin found in Plant
Carcinogenic
Tannin found in Plant (150000 ppm)
Cathartic
Aucubin found in Plant
Chelator
Tannin found in Plant (150000 ppm)
Collagenic
Aucubin found in Plant
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Plant (150000 ppm)
Diuretic
Aucubin found in Plant
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Plant (150000 ppm)
Hepatoprotective
Aucubin found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant (150000 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Beta-ecdysone found in Plant
Immunosuppressant
Tannin found in Plant (150000 ppm)
Juvabional
Ajugalactone found in Plant
Ajugareptansone found in Plant
Cyasterone found in Plant
Lactagogue
Aucubin found in Plant
Laxative
Aucubin found in Plant
Lipolytic
Beta-ecdysone found in Plant
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Plant (150000 ppm)
MAO-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Plant (150000 ppm)
NO-Inhibitor
Delphinidin found in Plant
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Plant (150000 ppm)
Paralytic
Aucubin found in Plant
Pesticide
Ajugalactone found in Plant
Ajugareptansone found in Plant
Aucubin found in Plant
Cyanidin found in Plant
Cyasterone found in Plant
Delphinidin found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant (150000 ppm)
Pigment
Cyanidin found in Plant
Delphinidin found in Plant
Prooxidant
Cyanidin found in Plant
Delphinidin found in Plant
Proteinogenic
Cyasterone found in Plant
Psychotropic
Tannin found in Plant (150000 ppm)
RNA-Inhibitor
Aucubin found in Plant
Uricosuric
Aucubin found in Plant
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Plant (150000 ppm)

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
24-norcyasterone Plant
29-norsengosterone Plant
Ajugalactone Plant
Ajugareptansone Plant
Ajugasterone Plant
Ajugol Plant
Ajugoside Plant
Asperulin Plant
Aucubin Plant
Beta-ecdysone Plant
Cyanidin Plant
Cyasterone Plant
Delphinidin Plant
Harpagide Plant
Harpagide-acetate Plant
Polypodine-b Plant
Reptioside Plant
Tannin Plant 150,000
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]