Agave americana Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
American agave American-aloe century-plant spreading century-plant wild century-plant

Agave americana, common names century plant, maguey or American aloe, is a species of flowering plant in the family Agavaceae, originally native to Mexico, Arizona and Texas but cultivated worldwide as an ornamental plant. It has become naturalized in many regions including the West Indies, parts of South America, the Mediterranean Basin, parts of Africa, India, China, Korea, Thailand, New Zealand, Australia and an assortment of oceanic islands. Despite the common name "American aloe", it is not closely related to plants in the genus Aloe.

Agave americana

Medical use

Economic importance of Agave americana

Environmental ornamental
Medicines folklore
Vertebrate poisons mamals

Gallery

Agave americana Agave americana Agave americana Agave americana Agave americana Agave americana Agave americana Agave americana Agave americana Agave americana Agave americana Agave americana Agave americana Agave americana

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Naturalized
    • Macaronesia: Portugal - Azores, Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Morocco
    • Southern Africa: Botswana; Lesotho; South Africa; Swaziland
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Naturalized
    • Western Asia: Turkey
    • China: China
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Naturalized
    • Australia: Australia - New South Wales, Queensland
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • EUROPE
    Naturalized
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Croatia; Greece ; Italy
    • Southwestern Europe: France ; Portugal; Spain
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas
    • Northern Mexico: Mexico - Coahuila, Nuevo Leon, San Luis Potosi, Sonora, Tamaulipas
    • Southern Mexico: Mexico - Jalisco, Queretaro, Veracruz
  • PACIFIC
    Naturalized
    • Northwestern Pacific: Palau
    • Southwestern Pacific: New Caledonia
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Naturalized
    • Southern South America: Argentina - Cordoba, La Pampa; Chile - Juan Fernandez

Biological activities

Acaricide
Oxalic-acid found in Plant
Acetylcholinergic
Glucose found in Plant
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Fiber found in Plant (156000 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Smilagenin found in Plant
Antidementia
Smilagenin found in Plant
Antidiabetic
Fiber found in Plant (156000 ppm)
Xylose found in Plant
Antiedemic
Glucose found in Plant
Antihepatotoxic
Glucose found in Plant
Antihypertensive
Fiber found in Plant (156000 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Chlorogenin found in Flower (5000 ppm)
Antiketotic
Glucose found in Plant
Antiobesity
Fiber found in Plant (156000 ppm)
Antiseptic
Oxalic-acid found in Plant
Antitumor
Fiber found in Plant (156000 ppm)
Tigogenin found in Plant
Antiulcer
Fiber found in Plant (156000 ppm)
Antivaricose
Glucose found in Plant
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Plant (156000 ppm)
CNS-Paralytic
Oxalic-acid found in Plant
Cancer-Preventive
Fiber found in Plant (156000 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Fiber found in Plant (156000 ppm)
Cerebrotonic
Smilagenin found in Plant
Diagnostic
Xylose found in Plant
Diuretic
Fiber found in Plant (156000 ppm)
Dye
Xylose found in Plant
Fatal
Oxalic-acid found in Plant
Hemostatic
Oxalic-acid found in Plant
Hyperglycemic
Glucose found in Plant
Hypocholesterolemic
Fiber found in Plant (156000 ppm)
Hypotensive
Fiber found in Plant (156000 ppm)
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Plant (156000 ppm)
Irritant
Oxalic-acid found in Plant
Laxative
Fiber found in Plant (156000 ppm)
Memory-Enhancer
Glucose found in Plant
Pesticide
Chlorogenin found in Flower (5000 ppm)
Oxalic-acid found in Plant
Piscicide
Chlorogenin found in Flower (5000 ppm)
Renotoxic
Oxalic-acid found in Plant
Sweetener
Galactose found in Plant
Varroacide
Oxalic-acid found in Plant
Vasodilator
Fiber found in Plant (156000 ppm)

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Agavasaponins Plant
Agavose Plant
Agavosides Plant
Ash Plant 124,000
Carbohydrates Plant 820,000
Chlorogenin Flower 5,000
D-glucuronic-acid Resin, Exudate, Sap
Delta-9,11-dehydrohecogenin Plant
Fat Plant 13,000
Fiber Plant 156,000
Galactose Plant
Glucose Plant
Hecogenin Plant 4,000 30,000
Kaempferol-3-0-glucoside Plant
Kaempferol-3-rutinooside Plant
L-arabinose Resin, Exudate, Sap
Oxalic-acid Plant
Piscidic-acid Plant
Protein Plant 61,000
Rhamnose Plant
Rocogenin Plant
Saponin Plant
Smilagenin Plant
Tigogenin Plant
Xylose Plant
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]