Agastache rugosa Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
Chinese giant-hyssop Korean-mint

Agastache rugosa is a medicinal and ornamental plant in the Lamiaceae family.

Agastache rugosa

Medical use

Economic importance of Agastache rugosa

Environmental ornamental
Materials esential oils
Medicines folklore

Gallery

Agastache rugosa Agastache rugosa Agastache rugosa Agastache rugosa Agastache rugosa Agastache rugosa Agastache rugosa Agastache rugosa Agastache rugosa Agastache rugosa Agastache rugosa Agastache rugosa Agastache rugosa Agastache rugosa Agastache rugosa

Geografical distribution

  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Russian Far East: Russian Federation - Primorye
    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Japan; Korea; Taiwan
    Cultivated
    • China: China
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Native
    • Indo-China: Vietnam

Biological activities

ABeta-Inhibitor
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf (9000 ppm)
AChE-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Abortifacient
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (10 ppm)
Acaricide
Alpha-cadinol found in Shoot
Eugenol found in Shoot
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot ;found in Tissue Culture
Adenylate-Cyclase-Inhibitor
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf (9000 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Acacetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot (285 ppm);found in Root (6.8 ppm);found in Leaf
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Cosmosiin found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Cynaroside found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Daucosterol found in Root (5.2 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Essential Oil
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf (9000 ppm)
Allelochemic
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Tissue Culture
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Allergenic
Acacetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot (285 ppm);found in Root (6.8 ppm);found in Leaf
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Tissue Culture
Anethole found in Essential Oil (20000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Tissue Culture
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Eugenol found in Shoot
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot ;found in Tissue Culture
Analgesic
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Eugenol found in Shoot
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot ;found in Tissue Culture
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Anesthetic
Eugenol found in Shoot
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot ;found in Tissue Culture
Safrole found in Essential Oil
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
AntiHIV
Maslinic-acid found in Root (12.4 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (10 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf (9000 ppm)
AntiNF-kB
Anethole found in Essential Oil (20000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
AntiPGE2
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (10 ppm)
AntiTGF-beta
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (10 ppm)
AntiTNF
Anethole found in Essential Oil (20000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Eugenol found in Shoot
Antiacetylcholinesterase
D-limonene found in Essential Oil (50000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (90000 ppm)
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot ;found in Tissue Culture
Antiacne
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Tissue Culture
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Delta-cadinene found in Essential Oil
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Antiaflatoxin
Acacetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot (285 ppm);found in Root (6.8 ppm);found in Leaf
Antiaggregant
Estragole found in Essential Oil (900000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Essential Oil (895000 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Eugenol found in Shoot
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf (9000 ppm)
Safrole found in Essential Oil
Antiallergic
Acacetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot (285 ppm);found in Root (6.8 ppm);found in Leaf
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot ;found in Tissue Culture
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (10 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf (9000 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf (9000 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot ;found in Tissue Culture
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf (9000 ppm)
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Antiarachidonate
Eugenol found in Shoot
Antiarrhythmic
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (10 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Trans-carveol found in Shoot
Antiatherosclerotic
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (10 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf (9000 ppm)
Antibacterial
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Tissue Culture
Anethole found in Essential Oil (20000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Cosmosiin found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Delta-cadinene found in Essential Oil
Eugenol found in Shoot
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot ;found in Tissue Culture
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (10 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf (9000 ppm)
Safrole found in Essential Oil
Anticancer
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Anticarcinomic
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (10 ppm)
Anticariogenic
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Delta-cadinene found in Essential Oil
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot ;found in Tissue Culture
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (10 ppm)
Anticoagulant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf (9000 ppm)
Anticolic
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot ;found in Tissue Culture
Anticomplement
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (10 ppm)
Anticomplementary
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf (9000 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Eugenol found in Shoot
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot ;found in Tissue Culture
Safrole found in Essential Oil
Antidepressant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf (9000 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Antiedemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Shoot
Eugenol found in Shoot
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot ;found in Tissue Culture
Maslinic-acid found in Root (12.4 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (10 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf (9000 ppm)
Antiesophagitic
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Eugenol found in Shoot
Antifeedant
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Tissue Culture
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Shoot
Eugenol found in Shoot
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (10 ppm)
Antiflu
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Tissue Culture
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Antigenotoxic
Anethole found in Essential Oil (20000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Eugenol found in Shoot
Antigingivitic
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (10 ppm)
Antigliomic
Beta-elemene found in Essential Oil ;found in Tissue Culture
Antiglutamaergic
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot ;found in Tissue Culture
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Antigonadotropic
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf (9000 ppm)
Antihemolytic
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf (9000 ppm)
Antihepatotic
Anethole found in Essential Oil (20000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Antihepatotoxic
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (10 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf (9000 ppm)
Antiherpetic
Eugenol found in Shoot
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf (9000 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Acacetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot (285 ppm);found in Root (6.8 ppm);found in Leaf
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot ;found in Tissue Culture
Maslinic-acid found in Root (12.4 ppm)
Antihyperlipidemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (10 ppm)
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Antihyperthyroid
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf (9000 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Tissue Culture
Anethole found in Essential Oil (20000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Tissue Culture
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Shoot
Eugenol found in Shoot
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot ;found in Tissue Culture
Maslinic-acid found in Root (12.4 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (10 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf (9000 ppm)
Antiintegrase
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf (9000 ppm)
Antiischemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (10 ppm)
Antikeratotic
Eugenol found in Shoot
Antileishmanic
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Antileukemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Daucosterol found in Root (5.2 ppm)
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot ;found in Tissue Culture
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (10 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (10 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf (9000 ppm)
Antilipoperoxidant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf (9000 ppm)
Antilithic
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot ;found in Tissue Culture
Antimalarial
Acacetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot (285 ppm);found in Root (6.8 ppm);found in Leaf
Humulene found in Essential Oil
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (10 ppm)
Antimange
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot ;found in Tissue Culture
Antimelanomic
D-limonene found in Essential Oil (50000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (90000 ppm)
Antimite
Alpha-cadinol found in Shoot
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot ;found in Tissue Culture
Antimitotic
Eugenol found in Shoot
Antimutagenic
Acacetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot (285 ppm);found in Root (6.8 ppm);found in Leaf
Anisaldehyde found in Essential Oil (30000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Eugenol found in Shoot
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot ;found in Tissue Culture
P-anisaldehyde found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf (9000 ppm)
Antinephritic
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (10 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf (9000 ppm)
Antinitrosating
Eugenol found in Shoot
Antiobesity
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Antionychyotic
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Antioxidant
Anethole found in Essential Oil (20000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Eugenol found in Shoot
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (10 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf (9000 ppm)
Antiperiodontic
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (10 ppm)
Antiperoxidant
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (10 ppm)
Antiplaque
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (10 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf (9000 ppm)
Antiplasmodial
Humulene found in Essential Oil
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (10 ppm)
Antipneumonic
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Tissue Culture
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Antiproliferant
Beta-elemene found in Essential Oil ;found in Tissue Culture
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf (9000 ppm)
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Eugenol found in Shoot
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf (9000 ppm)
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Antiproteolytic
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf (9000 ppm)
Antipulmonotic
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf (9000 ppm)
Antipyretic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Eugenol found in Shoot
Antiradicular
Anethole found in Essential Oil (20000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Eugenol found in Shoot
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf (9000 ppm)
Antisalmonella
Anethole found in Essential Oil (20000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Eugenol found in Shoot
Antisarcomic
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (10 ppm)
Antiseptic
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Tissue Culture
Anethole found in Essential Oil (20000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Tissue Culture
Eugenol found in Shoot
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot ;found in Tissue Culture
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (10 ppm)
Safrole found in Essential Oil
Antishock
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot ;found in Tissue Culture
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf (9000 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Tissue Culture
Anethole found in Essential Oil (20000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Tissue Culture
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Daucosterol found in Root (5.2 ppm)
Eugenol found in Shoot
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot ;found in Tissue Culture
Antistaphylococcic
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Tissue Culture
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Eugenol found in Shoot
Antistreptococcic
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Delta-cadinene found in Essential Oil
Antithromboxane
Eugenol found in Shoot
Antithyreotropic
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf (9000 ppm)
Antithyroid
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf (9000 ppm)
Antitumor-Promoter
D-limonene found in Essential Oil (50000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (90000 ppm)
Antitumor
Alpha-humulene found in Shoot
Anethole found in Essential Oil (20000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Shoot
Daucosterol found in Root (5.2 ppm)
Eugenol found in Shoot
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (10 ppm)
Antiulcer
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Eugenol found in Shoot
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (10 ppm)
Antiuremic
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf (9000 ppm)
Antiviral
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Tissue Culture
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Eugenol found in Shoot
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot ;found in Tissue Culture
Maslinic-acid found in Root (12.4 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (10 ppm)
Pachypodol found in Leaf
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf (9000 ppm)
Antiyeast
Anethole found in Essential Oil (20000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Anxiolytic
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf (9000 ppm)
Apifuge
Eugenol found in Shoot
Apoptotic
Beta-elemene found in Essential Oil ;found in Tissue Culture
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
D-limonene found in Essential Oil (50000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (90000 ppm)
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf (9000 ppm)
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Acacetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot (285 ppm);found in Root (6.8 ppm);found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (10 ppm)
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Barbituate-Synergist
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot ;found in Tissue Culture
Beta-Blocker
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (10 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (10 ppm)
Bronchoprotectant
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Bronchorelaxant
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot ;found in Tissue Culture
CNS-Depressant
Eugenol found in Shoot
Eugenol-methyl-ether found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot ;found in Tissue Culture
Safrole found in Essential Oil
CNS-Stimulant
Safrole found in Essential Oil
COX-1-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Shoot
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf (9000 ppm)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Shoot
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (10 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf (9000 ppm)
Calcium-Antagonist
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Shoot
Cynaroside found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Estragole found in Essential Oil (900000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Essential Oil (895000 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Eugenol found in Shoot
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf (9000 ppm)
Safrole found in Essential Oil
Cancer-Preventive
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Tissue Culture
Anethole found in Essential Oil (20000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
D-limonene found in Essential Oil (50000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (90000 ppm)
Estragole found in Essential Oil (900000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Essential Oil (895000 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Eugenol found in Shoot
Eugenol-methyl-ether found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot ;found in Tissue Culture
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (10 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf (9000 ppm)
Safrole found in Essential Oil
Candidicide
Anethole found in Essential Oil (20000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Tissue Culture
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Cosmosiin found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Shoot
Candidistat
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot ;found in Tissue Culture
Carcinogenic
Estragole found in Essential Oil (900000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Essential Oil (895000 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Safrole found in Essential Oil
Cardioprotective
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (10 ppm)
Cardiotonic
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (10 ppm)
Carminative
Anethole found in Essential Oil (20000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Eugenol found in Shoot
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot ;found in Tissue Culture
Safrole found in Essential Oil
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Chemopreventive
D-limonene found in Essential Oil (50000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (90000 ppm)
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Choleretic
Eugenol found in Shoot
Cholesterolytic
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Coleoptophile
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Tissue Culture
Controlled
Safrole found in Essential Oil
Cosmetic
P-anisaldehyde found in Plant
Culicide
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot ;found in Tissue Culture
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (10 ppm)
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
Delta-cadinene found in Essential Oil
Safrole found in Essential Oil
Cytochrome-P450-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Shoot
Cytochrome-P488-Inducer
Safrole found in Essential Oil
Cytotoxic
Eugenol found in Shoot
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot ;found in Tissue Culture
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf (9000 ppm)
DNA-Binder
Estragole found in Essential Oil (900000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Essential Oil (895000 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Eugenol-methyl-ether found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot
Safrole found in Essential Oil
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf (9000 ppm)
Dermatitigenic
Anethole found in Essential Oil (20000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Eugenol found in Shoot
Detoxicant
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Differentiator
D-limonene found in Essential Oil (50000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (90000 ppm)
Digestive
Anethole found in Essential Oil (20000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Diuretic
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (10 ppm)
Elastase-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (10 ppm)
Enterocontractant
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Enterorelaxant
Eugenol found in Shoot
Estrogenic
Anethole found in Essential Oil (20000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Expectorant
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Tissue Culture
Anethole found in Essential Oil (20000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot ;found in Tissue Culture
FLavor
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Tissue Culture
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Tissue Culture
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
D-limonene found in Essential Oil (50000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (90000 ppm)
Estragole found in Essential Oil (900000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Essential Oil (895000 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Eugenol found in Shoot
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot ;found in Tissue Culture
P-anisaldehyde found in Plant
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Fungicide
Anethole found in Essential Oil (20000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Anisaldehyde found in Essential Oil (30000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Shoot
Chavicol found in Shoot
Eugenol found in Shoot
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot ;found in Tissue Culture
P-anisaldehyde found in Plant
Fungiphilic
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Fungistat
Limonene found in Essential Oil
GABA-nergic
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot ;found in Tissue Culture
GST-Inducer
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Gastroprotective
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Gastrostimulant
Anethole found in Essential Oil (20000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Hepatocarcinogenic
Estragole found in Essential Oil (900000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Essential Oil (895000 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Safrole found in Essential Oil
Hepatoprotective
Acacetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot (285 ppm);found in Root (6.8 ppm);found in Leaf
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Eugenol found in Shoot
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (10 ppm)
Hepatoregenerative
Safrole found in Essential Oil
Hepatotoxic
Anethole found in Essential Oil (20000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Safrole found in Essential Oil
Herbicide
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Tissue Culture
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Tissue Culture
Eugenol found in Shoot
Limonene found in Essential Oil
P-methoxycinnamaldehyde found in Shoot
Histaminic
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Hypnotic
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot ;found in Tissue Culture
Hypocholesterolemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Cynaroside found in Inflorescence ;found in Leaf
D-limonene found in Essential Oil (50000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (90000 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Daucosterol found in Root (5.2 ppm)
Hypolipemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (10 ppm)
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Hypotensive
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (10 ppm)
Hypothermic
Estragole found in Essential Oil (900000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Essential Oil (895000 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Eugenol-methyl-ether found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot ;found in Tissue Culture
Safrole found in Essential Oil
Immunomodulator
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (10 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf (9000 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Anethole found in Essential Oil (20000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf (9000 ppm)
Insecticide
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Tissue Culture
Anethole found in Essential Oil (20000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Anisaldehyde found in Essential Oil (30000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Shoot
D-limonene found in Essential Oil (50000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (90000 ppm)
Estragole found in Essential Oil (900000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Essential Oil (895000 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Eugenol found in Shoot
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot ;found in Tissue Culture
P-anisaldehyde found in Plant
Insectifuge
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Tissue Culture
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Tissue Culture
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
D-limonene found in Essential Oil (50000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (90000 ppm)
Estragole found in Essential Oil (900000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Essential Oil (895000 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Eugenol found in Shoot
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot ;found in Tissue Culture
Insectiphile
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Tissue Culture
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Acacetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot (285 ppm);found in Root (6.8 ppm);found in Leaf
Irritant
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Tissue Culture
Anethole found in Essential Oil (20000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Tissue Culture
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Eugenol found in Shoot
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot ;found in Tissue Culture
P-anisaldehyde found in Plant
Safrole found in Essential Oil
Juvabional
Eugenol found in Shoot
Lactagogue
Anethole found in Essential Oil (20000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Larvicide
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Eugenol found in Shoot
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot ;found in Tissue Culture
Leucocytogenic
Anethole found in Essential Oil (20000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (10 ppm)
Lipolytic
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf (9000 ppm)
Litholytic
D-limonene found in Essential Oil (50000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (90000 ppm)
Mosquitocide
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Mosquitofuge
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot ;found in Tissue Culture
Motor-Depressant
Eugenol found in Shoot
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot ;found in Tissue Culture
Mutagenic
Acacetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot (285 ppm);found in Root (6.8 ppm);found in Leaf
Anethole found in Essential Oil (20000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Estragole found in Essential Oil (900000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Essential Oil (895000 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Safrole found in Essential Oil
Myorelaxant
Eugenol-methyl-ether found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot
Limonene found in Essential Oil
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (10 ppm)
NO-Genic
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Nematicide
Chavicol found in Shoot
Eugenol found in Shoot
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot ;found in Tissue Culture
P-anisaldehyde found in Plant
Safrole found in Essential Oil
Nephroprotective
Anethole found in Essential Oil (20000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Nephrotoxic
D-limonene found in Essential Oil (50000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (90000 ppm)
Neuroprotective
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf (9000 ppm)
Neurotoxic
Eugenol found in Shoot
Safrole found in Essential Oil
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Ozone-Scavenger
Limonene found in Essential Oil
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Tissue Culture
D-limonene found in Essential Oil (50000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (90000 ppm)
P450-Inducer
Delta-cadinene found in Essential Oil
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Pediculicide
Safrole found in Essential Oil
Perfumery
Alpha-humulene found in Shoot
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Tissue Culture
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Tissue Culture
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Estragole found in Essential Oil (900000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Essential Oil (895000 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Eugenol found in Shoot
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot ;found in Tissue Culture
P-anisaldehyde found in Plant
Safrole found in Essential Oil
Peristaltic
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Pesticide
Alpha-cadinol found in Shoot
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Tissue Culture
Anethole found in Essential Oil (20000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Anisaldehyde found in Essential Oil (30000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Tissue Culture
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Shoot
Chavicol found in Shoot
D-limonene found in Essential Oil (50000 ppm);found in Essential Oil (90000 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Essential Oil
Eugenol found in Shoot
Germacrene-d found in Shoot
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot ;found in Tissue Culture
P-anisaldehyde found in Plant
P-methoxycinnamaldehyde found in Shoot
Pachypodol found in Leaf
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf (9000 ppm)
Safrole found in Essential Oil
Phagocytotic
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (10 ppm)
Pheromone
Germacrene-d found in Shoot
Photosensitizer
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Piscicide
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (10 ppm)
P-anisaldehyde found in Plant
Plasmodicide
Acacetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot (285 ppm);found in Root (6.8 ppm);found in Leaf
Prooxidant
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot ;found in Tissue Culture
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Shoot
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (10 ppm)
Protease-Inhibitor
Maslinic-acid found in Root (12.4 ppm)
Protisticide
Acacetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot (285 ppm);found in Root (6.8 ppm);found in Leaf
Psychoactive
Safrole found in Essential Oil
Radioprotective
Rosmarinic-acid found in Leaf (9000 ppm)
Secretogogue
Anethole found in Essential Oil (20000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Secretolytic
Anethole found in Essential Oil (20000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Sedative
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Tissue Culture
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Eugenol found in Shoot
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot ;found in Tissue Culture
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (10 ppm)
P-anisaldehyde found in Plant
Spasmogenic
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Tissue Culture
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Tissue Culture
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Sweetener
Anethole found in Essential Oil (20000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Sympathomimetic
Anethole found in Essential Oil (20000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Termiticide
Eugenol found in Shoot
Termitifuge
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot ;found in Tissue Culture
Testosterone-Inducer
Delta-cadinene found in Essential Oil
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Acacetin found in Inflorescence ;found in Shoot (285 ppm);found in Root (6.8 ppm);found in Leaf
Tranquilizer
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Tissue Culture
Transdermal
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Tissue Culture
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Tissue Culture
Limonene found in Essential Oil
Tremorigenic
Safrole found in Essential Oil
Trichomonicide
Eugenol found in Shoot
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot ;found in Tissue Culture
Trichomonistat
Eugenol found in Shoot
Trypsin-Enhancer
Eugenol found in Shoot
Tumor-Promoter
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Shoot ;found in Tissue Culture
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Anisaldehyde found in Essential Oil (30000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Shoot
Ubiquiot
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Eugenol found in Shoot
Uterotonic
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (10 ppm)
Varroacide
Eugenol found in Shoot
Vasodilator
Eugenol found in Shoot
Vasopressor
Oleanolic-acid found in Root (10 ppm)
Vermifuge
Eugenol found in Shoot

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
(-)-caryophyllene Tissue Culture
3-allyl-5-6-dimethoxy phenol Shoot
3-o-acetyl-oleanolic aldehyde Plant
Root 4.4
4-methoxy-cinnamic alcohol Shoot
4-methoxycinnamaldehyde Shoot
Abieta-4(18)-8-11-13-tetraen-7-one Root 26.6
Acacetin Inflorescence
Shoot 285
Root 6.8
Leaf
Agastachin Shoot 19
Agastachoside Root 9.2
Shoot
Agastanol Root 35.5
Alpha-cadinol Shoot
Alpha-humulene Shoot
Alpha-limonene Tissue Culture
Alpha-pinene Essential Oil
Tissue Culture
Alpha-ylangene Tissue Culture
Anethole Essential Oil 20,000
Tissue Culture
Anisaldehyde Essential Oil 30,000
Tissue Culture
Shoot
Beta oplopentone Shoot
Beta-bourbonene Shoot
Beta-caryophyllene Shoot
Beta-elemene Essential Oil
Tissue Culture
Beta-farnesene Tissue Culture
Beta-humulene Tissue Culture
Beta-pinene Essential Oil
Tissue Culture
Beta-sitosterol Root
Calamene Tissue Culture
Caryophylla-4(14)-8(15)-dien-5-alpha-ol Shoot
Caryophyllene Essential Oil
Caryophyllene-oxide Shoot
Caryophyllenol-i Shoot
Caryophyllenol-ii Shoot
Chavibetol Shoot
Chavicol Shoot
Cis-carveol Shoot
Cis-jasmone Shoot
Cosmosiin Inflorescence
Leaf
Cynaroside Inflorescence
Leaf
D-limonene Essential Oil 50,000
Essential Oil 90,000
Daucosterol Root 5.2
Dehydro-agastol Root 13.3
Root 6.4
Delta-cadinene Essential Oil
Dihydroactinidiolide Shoot
Diosmetin-7-o-beta-d-glucoside Inflorescence
Leaf
Erythrodiol-3-o-acetate Root
Essential oil Plant
Estragole Essential Oil 900,000
Tissue Culture
Shoot
Plant
Essential Oil
Essential Oil 895,000
Essential Oil
Eugenol Shoot
Eugenol-methyl-ether Essential Oil
Shoot
Gamma-cadinene Tissue Culture
Germacrene-d Shoot
Hex-1-en-3-ol acetate Shoot
Humulene Essential Oil
Iso-agastachoside Shoot 210
Limonene Essential Oil
Linalool Essential Oil
Shoot
Tissue Culture
Maslinic-acid Root 12.4
Oct-1-en-3-ol Essential Oil
Oct-1-en-3-ol acetate Shoot
Oct-1-en-3-one Tissue Culture
Octan-3-ol Essential Oil
Tissue Culture
Octan-3-one Tissue Culture
Oleanolic-acid Root 10
Oplopanone Shoot
P-anisaldehyde Plant
P-methoxycinnamaldehyde Shoot
Pachypodol Leaf
Para-cymene Essential Oil
Tissue Culture
Para-methoxy cinnamaldehyde Essential Oil 10,000
Plant
Tissue Culture
Rosmarinic-acid Leaf 9,000
Safrole Essential Oil
Spathulenol Shoot
Tilianin Inflorescence
Leaf
Root 84
Tilianine Shoot 46
Trans-carveol Shoot
Trans-jasmone Shoot
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]