Adonis vernalis Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
oxeye pheasant's-eye spring adonis

Adonis vernalis, known variously as pheasant's eye, spring pheasant's eye, yellow pheasant's eye and false hellebore, is a perennial flowering plant found in dry meadows and steppes in Eurasia. Isolated populations are found from Spain in the west across Central Europe with fine examples in Valais, Switzerland, and southern Europe, reaching southern Sweden in the north, with its main area of distribution being the Pannonian Basin and the West Siberian Plain. In contrast to most other European Adonis species, the flowers appear in springtime, and are up to 80 mm in diameter, with up to 20 bright yellow petals. The plant is poisonous, containing cardiostimulant compounds, such as adonidin and aconitic acid. In addition, it is often used as an ornamental plant.

Adonis vernalis

Medical use

Economic importance of Adonis vernalis

Environmental ornamental
Medicines source of adoniside
Vertebrate poisons mamals

Gallery

Adonis vernalis Adonis vernalis Adonis vernalis Adonis vernalis Adonis vernalis Adonis vernalis Adonis vernalis Adonis vernalis Adonis vernalis Adonis vernalis Adonis vernalis Adonis vernalis Adonis vernalis Adonis vernalis Adonis vernalis Adonis vernalis

Geografical distribution

  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Caucasus: Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia
    • Siberia: Russian Federation - Eastern Siberia , Western Siberia
    Cultivated
    • Siberia: Russian Federation - Western Siberia
  • EUROPE
    Native
    • Northern Europe: Sweden
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    • East Europe: Russian Federation - European part ; Ukraine
    • Southeastern Europe: Bulgaria; Croatia; Italy ; Macedonia; Romania; Serbia
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Spain
    Cultivated
    • Middle Europe: Germany

Biological activities

5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Plant
ACE-Inhibitor
Quercitrin found in Plant
Abortifacient
Berberine found in Plant
Adrenolytic
Berberine found in Plant
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Plant
Allelochemic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Allergenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Citric-acid found in Plant
Alpha-Amylase-Inhibitor
Citric-acid found in Plant
Amebicide
Berberine found in Plant
Analgesic
Berberine found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Anesthetic
Berberine found in Plant
AntiEBV
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
AntiHIV
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
AntiLegionella
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Berberine found in Plant
Antiacne
Berberine found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Antiadenoviral
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antiadrenergic
Berberine found in Plant
Antiaggregant
Berberine found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antiaging
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antialopecic
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Plant
Antialzheimeran
Berberine found in Plant
Choline found in Plant
Antiamnesic
Berberine found in Plant
Antianaphylactic
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Antiandrogenic
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Plant
Antiangiogenic
Berberine found in Plant
Antiaphthic
Citric-acid found in Plant
Antiarrhythmic
Berberine found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Plant
Antiarteriosclerotic
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Antiarthritic
Berberine found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Antiatherogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antiatherosclerotic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Citric-acid found in Plant
Antibacillus
Berberine found in Plant
Antibacterial
Berberine found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Citric-acid found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Plant
Antibiotic
Berberine found in Plant
Anticalculic
Citric-acid found in Plant
Anticancer
Berberine found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Anticarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Anticarcinomic
Cymarin found in Leaf
Anticariogenic
Berberine found in Plant
Anticataract
Quercitrin found in Plant
Antichlamydial
Berberine found in Plant
Anticholecystitic
Berberine found in Plant
Anticholera
Berberine found in Plant
Antichoreic
Choline found in Plant
Anticirrhotic
Berberine found in Plant
Choline found in Plant
Anticoagulant
Citric-acid found in Plant
Anticonjunctivitic
Berberine found in Plant
Anticonvulsant
Berberine found in Plant
Anticoronary
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Anticystinuric
Choline found in Plant
Antidementia
Choline found in Plant
Antidepressant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antidiabetic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Choline found in Plant
Antidiarrheic
Berberine found in Plant
Antidysenteric
Berberine found in Plant
Antidyskinetic
Choline found in Plant
Antieczemic
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Antiedemic
Berberine found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Plant
Antielastase
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antiendotoxic
Berberine found in Plant
Antienterotoxic
Berberine found in Plant
Antiescherichic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antiesherichic
Berberine found in Plant
Antifeedant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Plant
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Plant
Antiflu
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Plant
Antigenotoxic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Antigiardial
Berberine found in Plant
Antiglaucomic
Berberine found in Plant
Antigonadotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Antigonorrhea
Berberine found in Plant
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Antihemolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Antihemorrhagic
Quercitrin found in Plant
Antihepatoadenomic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antihepatomic
Berberine found in Plant
Antihepatotic
Berberine found in Plant
Antihepatotoxic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Plant
Antiherpetic
Berberine found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Plant
Antihistaminic
Berberine found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Antihomocysteine
Choline found in Plant
Antihypercholesterolemic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Antihyperthyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Antiinflammatory
Berberine found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Plant
Antiischemic
Berberine found in Plant
Antileishmanic
Berberine found in Plant
Citric-acid found in Plant
Antileukemic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antileukotriene-D4
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Antileukotriene
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Antilipogenic
Berberine found in Plant
Antimalarial
Berberine found in Plant
Antimanic
Choline found in Plant
Antimelanogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Antimenorrhagic
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Antimitotic
Berberine found in Plant
Antimuscarinic
Berberine found in Plant
Antimutagenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Citric-acid found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Plant
Antimyalgic
Berberine found in Plant
Antimycotic
Berberine found in Plant
Antineoplastic
Berberine found in Plant
Antinephritic
Berberine found in Plant
Antinitrosaminic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Antinociceptive
Choline found in Plant
Antiophidic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antioxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Plant
Antiperistaltic
Berberine found in Plant
Antiperoxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Antipharyngitic
Berberine found in Plant
Antiphotooxidative
Berberine found in Plant
Antiplasmodial
Berberine found in Plant
Antipneumonic
Berberine found in Plant
Antipolio
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Antiproliferant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antiprostaglandin
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antiprostatitic
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Antiprostatotic
Phytosterols found in Plant
Antipurpuric
Quercitrin found in Plant
Antipyretic
Berberine found in Plant
Antiradicular
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Antisalmonella
Berberine found in Plant
Antiseborrheic
Citric-acid found in Plant
Antisecretory
Berberine found in Plant
Antiseptic
Berberine found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Citric-acid found in Plant
Antishigellic
Berberine found in Plant
Antispasmodic
Berberine found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Plant
Antispermigenic
Berberine found in Plant
Antistaphylococcic
Berberine found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Plant
Antisteatotic
Choline found in Plant
Antistomatitic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antistrep
Berberine found in Plant
Antisunburn
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Antisyphilitic
Berberine found in Plant
Antithiamin
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antithrombogenic
Quercitrin found in Plant
Antithyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Antitrachomic
Berberine found in Plant
Antitrypanosomic
Berberine found in Plant
Antitubercular
Berberine found in Plant
Citric-acid found in Plant
Antitumor-Promoter
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Antitumor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Citric-acid found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Plant
Antiulcer
Berberine found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Plant
Antiulcerogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antivaccinia
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antivaginitic
Berberine found in Plant
Antiviral
Berberine found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Plant
Anxiolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Astringent
Berberine found in Plant
Autotoxic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Bilirubinolytic
Berberine found in Plant
CNS-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
CNS-Depressant
Quercitrin found in Plant
CNS-Stimulant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
COX-2-Inhibitor
Berberine found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Calcium-Antagonist
Berberine found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Cancer-Preventive
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Plant
Candidicide
Berberine found in Plant
Carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Cardiac
Adonivernoside found in Plant
Cardiodepressant
Berberine found in Plant
Choline found in Plant
Cardioprotective
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Cardiotonic
Adonitoxin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Berberine found in Plant
Cymarin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Plant
Carminative
Berberine found in Plant
Cerebrotonic
Choline found in Plant
Chemopreventive
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Cholagogue
Berberine found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Cholekinetic
Berberine found in Plant
Choleretic
Berberine found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Plant
Cholinergic
Choline found in Plant
Clastogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Co-carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Collagen-Sparing
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Collyrium
Berberine found in Plant
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Cyclooxygenase-Activator
Quercitrin found in Plant
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Berberine found in Plant
Cytoprotective
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Cytotoxic
Berberine found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
DNA-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
DNA-Protective
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Detoxicant
Quercitrin found in Plant
Digestive
Berberine found in Plant
Disinfectant
Citric-acid found in Plant
Diuretic
Berberine found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Plant
Dye
Quercitrin found in Plant
Emetic
Berberine found in Plant
FLavor
Citric-acid found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Plant
Fungicide
Berberine found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Glaucomagenic
Berberine found in Plant
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Plant
Hemostat
Berberine found in Plant
Citric-acid found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Plant
Hepatocarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Hepatoprotective
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Choline found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Hepatotonic
Quercitrin found in Plant
Hepatotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Herbistat
Pentatriacontane found in Plant
Histamine-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Hypercholesterolemic
Palmitic-acid found in Plant
Hypocholesterolemic
Berberine found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Phytosterols found in Plant
Hypoglycemic
Berberine found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Plant
Hypotensive
Berberine found in Plant
Choline found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Plant
Ileorelaxant
Choline found in Plant
Immunomodulator
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Immunostimulant
Berberine found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Insectifuge
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Insectiphile
Quercitrin found in Plant
Interferonogenic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Irritant
Citric-acid found in Plant
Juvabional
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Lachrymatory
Berberine found in Plant
Larvicide
Berberine found in Plant
Larvistat
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Leucocytogenic
Berberine found in Plant
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Lipase-Inhibitor
Berberine found in Plant
Lipotropic
Choline found in Plant
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Berberine found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Litholytic
Citric-acid found in Plant
Lubricant
Palmitic-acid found in Plant
Lyase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Quercitrin found in Plant
MAO-Inhibitor
Quercitrin found in Plant
Memorigenic
Choline found in Plant
Metal-Chelator
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Mutagenic
Berberine found in Plant
Mycobactericide
Berberine found in Plant
Citric-acid found in Plant
Mydriatic
Berberine found in Plant
Myocardiodepressant
Berberine found in Plant
Myocardiotonic
Cymarin found in Leaf
Myorelaxant
Berberine found in Plant
Myotonic
Cymarin found in Leaf
NO-Genic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Nematicide
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Plant
Odontolytic
Citric-acid found in Plant
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Oviposition-Stimulant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Paralytic
Quercitrin found in Plant
Parasympathomimetic
Choline found in Plant
Perfumery
Aconitic-acid found in Plant
Pesticide
Berberine found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Cymarin found in Leaf
Palmitic-acid found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Plant
Phototoxic
Berberine found in Plant
Plasmodicide
Berberine found in Plant
Prooxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Propecic
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Plant
Prostaglandigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Berberine found in Plant
Protisticide
Berberine found in Plant
RNA-Depressant
Berberine found in Plant
RT-Inhibitor
Berberine found in Plant
Refrigerant
Citric-acid found in Plant
Respiradepressant
Berberine found in Plant
Sedative
Berberine found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Plant
Stomachic
Berberine found in Plant
Sunscreen
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Sweetener
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Berberine found in Plant
Trichomonicide
Berberine found in Plant
Trypanocide
Berberine found in Plant
Tumorigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Uterocontractant
Berberine found in Plant
Uterotonic
Berberine found in Plant
Vagostimulant
Berberine found in Plant
Vasoconstrictor
Berberine found in Plant
Vasodilator
Berberine found in Plant
Cymarin found in Leaf
Vasopressor
Quercitrin found in Plant
Vermifuge
Berberine found in Plant
Vibriofuge
Berberine found in Plant
Vulnerary
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant

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Chemicals detected

Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]