Adansonia digitata Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
baobab dead-rat-tree monkey-bread-tree

Adansonia digitata is the most widespread of the Adansonia species on the African continent, found in the hot, dry savannahs of sub-Saharan Africa. It also grows, having spread secondary to cultivation, in populated areas. English common names for the baobab include dead-rat tree, monkey-bread tree, upside-down tree and cream of tartar tree. This species is the baobab that Michel Adanson examined in Senegal and described to the French Academy of Sciences; Linnaeus named the genus Adansonia in his honour.

Adansonia digitata

Medical use

Economic importance of Adansonia digitata

Environmental ornamental
Human food beverage base fruit oil/fat seds
Materials fiber lipids tanin/dyestuf
Medicines folklore

Gallery

Adansonia digitata Adansonia digitata Adansonia digitata Adansonia digitata Adansonia digitata Adansonia digitata Adansonia digitata Adansonia digitata Adansonia digitata Adansonia digitata Adansonia digitata

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Chad; Ethiopia; Somalia; Sudan
    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Cameroon; Zaire
    • West Tropical Africa: Benin; Burkina Faso; Cote D'Ivoire; Ghana; Guinea; Mali; Niger; Senegal; Sierra Leone; Togo
    • South Tropical Africa: Angola; Malawi; Mozambique; Zambia; Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: Botswana; Namibia; South Africa - Transvaal
    • Western Indian Ocean: Madagascar
    Cultivated
    • Africa
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Cultivated
    • Indian Subcontinent: Bangladesh; India; Sri Lanka
    • Malesia: Indonesia - Java
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Cultivated
    • Caribbean: West Indies
    • South America

Biological activities

5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (98940 ppm)
Anthelmintic
Betulinic-acid found in Bark
AntiHIV
Betulinic-acid found in Bark
Antialopecic
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (98940 ppm)
Antiandrogenic
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (98940 ppm)
Antibacterial
Betulinic-acid found in Bark
Anticancer
Betulinic-acid found in Bark
Anticarcinomic
Betulinic-acid found in Bark
Antiedemic
Betulinic-acid found in Bark
Antifibrinolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (98940 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Betulinic-acid found in Bark
Antileukemic
Betulinic-acid found in Bark
Antimalarial
Betulinic-acid found in Bark
Antimelanomic
Betulinic-acid found in Bark
Antinociceptive
Betulinic-acid found in Bark
Antioxidant
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (98940 ppm)
Antiplasmodial
Betulinic-acid found in Bark
Antitumor
Betulinic-acid found in Bark
Antiviral
Betulinic-acid found in Bark
Apoptotic
Betulinic-acid found in Bark
Cytotoxic
Betulinic-acid found in Bark
FLavor
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (98940 ppm)
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (98940 ppm)
Hypercholesterolemic
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (98940 ppm)
Lubricant
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (98940 ppm)
Nematicide
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (98940 ppm)
Pesticide
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (98940 ppm)
Phospholipase-A2-Inhibitor
Betulinic-acid found in Bark
Propecic
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (98940 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Betulinic-acid found in Bark
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (98940 ppm)

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Betulinic-acid Bark
Palmitic-acid Seed 40,800 98,940
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]