Actaea spicata Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
baneberry

Actaea spicata is a species of flowering plant in the genus Actaea, native to Europe and Western Asia. It is a herbaceous perennial plant growing 30-60 cm tall. It has toothed, bipinnate compound leaves up to 40 cm long and 30 cm broad. The flowers are white, with 4-6 petaloid sepals, and are produced in an erect raceme about 10 cm long. The fruit is an oval glossy black berry, 10-11 mm long and 8 mm diameter. There are two varieties: Actaea spicata var. spicata. Europe, northwestern Asia; at 0-1900 m altitude. Actaea spicata var. acuminata. Southwestern Asia, Himalaya, at 2500-3700 m altitude.

Actaea spicata

Medical use

Economic importance of Actaea spicata

Medicines folklore
Vertebrate poisons mamals

Gallery

Actaea spicata Actaea spicata Actaea spicata Actaea spicata Actaea spicata Actaea spicata Actaea spicata Actaea spicata Actaea spicata Actaea spicata Actaea spicata Actaea spicata Actaea spicata Actaea spicata Actaea spicata

Geografical distribution

  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan ; Iran ; Turkey
    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia, Dagestan
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Native
    • Indian Subcontinent: Bhutan; India - Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Sikkim; Pakistan
  • EUROPE
    Native
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom - England
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    • East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Russian Federation - European part; Ukraine
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Italy; Macedonia; Montenegro; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Spain

Biological activities

Antibacterial
Protoanemonin found in Fruit
Antibiotic
Protoanemonin found in Fruit
Antifeedant
Trans-aconitic-acid found in Fruit
Antileukemic
Protoanemonin found in Fruit
Antimitotic
Protoanemonin found in Fruit
Antimutagenic
Protoanemonin found in Fruit
Antipyretic
Protoanemonin found in Fruit
Antiseptic
Protoanemonin found in Fruit
Antitumor
Protoanemonin found in Fruit
Antiviral
Protoanemonin found in Fruit
Candidicide
Protoanemonin found in Fruit
Dermatitigenic
Protoanemonin found in Fruit
Fungicide
Protoanemonin found in Fruit
Herbicide
Protoanemonin found in Fruit
Irritant
Protoanemonin found in Fruit
Nephritic
Protoanemonin found in Fruit
Pesticide
Protoanemonin found in Fruit
Trans-aconitic-acid found in Fruit
Purgative
Protoanemonin found in Fruit
Sedative
Protoanemonin found in Fruit
Toxic
Protoanemonin found in Fruit
Trichomonicide
Protoanemonin found in Fruit
Vermifuge
Protoanemonin found in Fruit
Vesicant
Protoanemonin found in Fruit

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Protoanemonin Fruit
Trans-aconitic-acid Fruit
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]