Aconitum napellus Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
aconite bear's-foot blue rocket friar's-cap garden monkshood garden wolfsbane helmet-flower monkshood queen's fettle soldier's-cap Turk's-cap

Aconitum napellus is a species of flowering plant in the genus Aconitum of the family Ranunculaceae, native and endemic to western and central Europe. It is an herbaceous perennial plant growing to 1 metre tall, with hairless stems and leaves. The leaves are rounded, 5–10 cm diameter, palmately divided into five to seven deeply lobed segments. The flowers are dark purple to bluish-purple, narrow oblong helmet-shaped, 1–2 cm tall. Plants native to Asia and North America formerly listed as A. napellus are now regarded as separate species.

Aconitum napellus

Medical use

Economic importance of Aconitum napellus

Environmental ornamental
Medicines folklore
Vertebrate poisons mamals

Gallery

Aconitum napellus Aconitum napellus Aconitum napellus Aconitum napellus Aconitum napellus Aconitum napellus Aconitum napellus Aconitum napellus Aconitum napellus Aconitum napellus Aconitum napellus Aconitum napellus Aconitum napellus Aconitum napellus Aconitum napellus

Geografical distribution

  • EUROPE
    Native
    • Northern Europe: United Kingdom
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Poland ; Slovakia; Switzerland
    • East Europe: Russian Federation - European part; Ukraine
    • Southeastern Europe: Bosnia and Herzegovina; Croatia; Italy ; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France ; Spain

Biological activities

Abortifacient
Sparteine found in Root
Absorbent
Starch found in Root (250000 ppm)
Acaricide
Oxalic-acid found in Plant
Additive
Succinic-acid found in Root
Adrenergic
Ephedrine found in Root
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Allelochemic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Allergenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Citric-acid found in Plant
Ephedrine found in Root
Mannitol found in Root
Alpha-Amylase-Inhibitor
Citric-acid found in Plant
Analgesic
Aconine found in Root
Aconitine found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Hypaconitine found in Root
Mannitol found in Root
Mesaconitine found in Root
Anesthetic
Aconine found in Root
Aconitine found in Root
Ephedrine found in Root
Anthelmintic
Mannitol found in Root
AntiEBV
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
AntiHIV
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
AntiLegionella
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Antiadenoviral
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antiaggregant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antiaging
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antialcoholic
Fructose found in Root
Antiallergic
Ephedrine found in Root
Antialopecic
Inositol found in Leaf
Antianaphylactic
Ephedrine found in Root
Antiaphthic
Citric-acid found in Plant
Antiappetant
Ephedrine found in Root
Antiarachidonate
Ephedrine found in Root
Antiarrhythmic
Sparteine found in Root
Antiasthmatic
Ephedrine found in Root
Antiatherogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antiatherosclerotic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Citric-acid found in Plant
Malic-acid found in Plant
Antibacterial
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Citric-acid found in Plant
Malic-acid found in Plant
Antibronchitic
Ephedrine found in Root
Anticalculic
Citric-acid found in Plant
Anticancer
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Anticarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Anticholinesterase
Ephedrine found in Root
Anticirrhotic
Inositol found in Leaf
Anticoagulant
Citric-acid found in Plant
Antidepressant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antidiabetic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Fructose found in Root
Maltose found in Root
Antiedemic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Ephedrine found in Root
Antielastase
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antiemphysemic
Ephedrine found in Root
Antienuretic
Ephedrine found in Root
Antiepileptic
Ephedrine found in Root
Antiescherichic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antifeedant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Succinic-acid found in Root
Antifibromyalgic
Malic-acid found in Plant
Antiflu
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antiganglionic
Sparteine found in Root
Antigenotoxic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Antiglaucomic
Mannitol found in Root
Antigonadotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Antihangover
Fructose found in Root
Antihemolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Antihepatoadenomic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antihepatotoxic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Antiherpetic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Ephedrine found in Root
Antihiccup
Ephedrine found in Root
Antihistaminic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Ephedrine found in Root
Mesaconitine found in Root
Antihypercholesterolemic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Antihyperthyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Antiinflammatory
Aconitine found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Ephedrine found in Root
Hypaconitine found in Root
Mannitol found in Root
Mesaconitine found in Root
Sparteine found in Root
Antiketotic
Fructose found in Root
Antileishmanic
Citric-acid found in Plant
Antileukemic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Mesaconitine found in Root
Antileukotriene
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Antimelanogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Antimutagenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Citric-acid found in Plant
Mannitol found in Root
Antimyasthenic
Ephedrine found in Root
Antinarcoleptic
Ephedrine found in Root
Antinauseant
Fructose found in Root
Antinephritic
Mannitol found in Root
Antinesidioblastosic
Starch found in Root (250000 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Aconitine found in Root
Antinitrosaminic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Antinociceptive
Aconitine found in Root
Antiophidic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antioxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Mannitol found in Root
Sparteine found in Root
Antiperoxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Sparteine found in Root
Antipolio
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Antiproliferant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antiprostaglandin
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antipyretic
Aconine found in Root
Aconitine found in Root
Antiradicular
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Mannitol found in Root
Antirhinitic
Ephedrine found in Root
Antiseborrheic
Citric-acid found in Plant
Malic-acid found in Plant
Antiseptic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Citric-acid found in Plant
Malic-acid found in Plant
Oxalic-acid found in Plant
Antisinusitic
Ephedrine found in Root
Antispasmodic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Mannitol found in Root
Antistaphylococcic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antistomatitic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antisunburn
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Antisyncopic
Ephedrine found in Root
Antitachycardic
Sparteine found in Root
Antithiamin
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antithyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Antitubercular
Citric-acid found in Plant
Malic-acid found in Plant
Antitumor-Promoter
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Antitumor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Citric-acid found in Plant
Malic-acid found in Plant
Antitussive
Ephedrine found in Root
Antiulcer
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Antiulcerogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antivaccinia
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antiviral
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Ephedrine found in Root
Anxiolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Arrhythmigenic
Aconitine found in Root
Autotoxic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Bacteristat
Malic-acid found in Plant
Bradycardic
Aconitine found in Root
Sparteine found in Root
Bronchodilator
Ephedrine found in Root
Bronchorelaxant
Ephedrine found in Root
Bruchiphobe
Malic-acid found in Plant
Succinic-acid found in Root
CNS-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
CNS-Paralytic
Oxalic-acid found in Plant
CNS-Stimulant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Ephedrine found in Root
COX-2-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Calcium-Antagonist
Aconitine found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Cancer-Preventive
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Succinic-acid found in Root
Carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Cardiactive
Napelline found in Root
Pseudaconitine found in Plant
Cardiodepressant
Sparteine found in Root
Cardioprotective
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Cardiotonic
Aconitine found in Root
Ephedrine found in Root
Cardiotoxic
Aconitine found in Root
Cathartic
Sparteine found in Root
Cerebrostimulant
Ephedrine found in Root
Chemopreventive
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Cholagogue
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Choleretic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Quinic-acid found in Plant
Cholesterolytic
Inositol found in Leaf
Clastogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Co-carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Collagen-Sparing
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Controlled
Ephedrine found in Root
Curaroid
Sparteine found in Root
Cytoprotective
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Cytotoxic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
DNA-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
DNA-Protective
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Decongestant
Ephedrine found in Root
Dermal
Aconitine found in Root
Dermatitigenic
Ephedrine found in Root
Diaphoretic
Aconitine found in Root
Disinfectant
Citric-acid found in Plant
Diuretic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Ephedrine found in Root
Mannitol found in Root
Sparteine found in Root
Dye
Succinic-acid found in Root
Emetic
Aconitine found in Root
Mannitol found in Root
Mesaconitine found in Root
Emollient
Starch found in Root (250000 ppm)
FLavor
Citric-acid found in Plant
Fatal
Oxalic-acid found in Plant
Flatugenic
Mannitol found in Root
Fungicide
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Gastric-Anesthetic
Aconitine found in Root
Hallucinogenic
Ephedrine found in Root
Hemopoietic
Malic-acid found in Plant
Hemostat
Citric-acid found in Plant
Hemostatic
Oxalic-acid found in Plant
Hepatocarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Hepatoprotective
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Hepatotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Histamine-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Hypertensive
Ephedrine found in Root
Hypoglycemic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Sparteine found in Root
Hypotensive
Aconitine found in Root
Napelline found in Root
Immunomodulator
Aconitine found in Root
Immunostimulant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Insecticide
Aconine found in Root
Aconitine found in Root
Benzaconine found in Root
Ephedrine found in Root
Hypaconitine found in Root
Mesaconitine found in Root
Napelline found in Root
Neoline found in Root
Neopelline found in Root
Sparteine found in Root
Insectifuge
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Interferonogenic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Irritant
Citric-acid found in Plant
Malonic-acid found in Root
Oxalic-acid found in Plant
Juvabional
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Larvistat
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Laxative
Fructose found in Root
Mannitol found in Root
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Lipotropic
Inositol found in Leaf
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Litholytic
Citric-acid found in Plant
Lyase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Metal-Chelator
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Molluscicide
Sparteine found in Root
Mycobactericide
Citric-acid found in Plant
Malic-acid found in Plant
Mydriatic
Aconitine found in Root
Ephedrine found in Root
Mesaconitine found in Root
Myocardiotonic
Ephedrine found in Root
Myorelaxant
Ephedrine found in Root
NO-Genic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Neoplastic
Fructose found in Root
Nephrotoxic
Mannitol found in Root
Odontolytic
Citric-acid found in Plant
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Oviposition-Stimulant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Oxytocic
Sparteine found in Root
Paralytic
Aconitine found in Root
Mesaconitine found in Root
Pediculicide
Aconitine found in Root
Perfumery
Aconitic-acid found in Leaf
Succinic-acid found in Root
Pesticide
Aconine found in Root
Aconitine found in Root
Benzaconine found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Ephedrine found in Root
Hypaconitine found in Root
Malic-acid found in Plant
Mannitol found in Root
Mesaconitine found in Root
Napelline found in Root
Neoline found in Root
Neopelline found in Root
Oxalic-acid found in Plant
Sparteine found in Root
Succinic-acid found in Root
Poultice
Starch found in Root (250000 ppm)
Prooxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Prostaglandigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Purgative
Mesaconitine found in Root
RNA-Stimulant
Mesaconitine found in Root
Refrigerant
Citric-acid found in Plant
Renotoxic
Oxalic-acid found in Plant
Respiradepressant
Pseudaconitine found in Plant
Sparteine found in Root
Respirainhibitor
Mesaconitine found in Root
Respiraparalytic
Aconitine found in Root
Respirastimulant
Ephedrine found in Root
Sedative
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Sialogogue
Aconitine found in Root
Malic-acid found in Plant
Mesaconitine found in Root
Stimulant
Ephedrine found in Root
Sunscreen
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Sweetener
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Fructose found in Root
Inositol found in Leaf
Maltose found in Root
Mannitol found in Root
Sympathomimetic
Ephedrine found in Root
Tachycardiagenic
Sparteine found in Root
Tachycardic
Ephedrine found in Root
Toxic
Aconitine found in Root
Tracheorelaxant
Ephedrine found in Root
Tumorigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Ubiquiot
Inositol found in Leaf
Uterocontractant
Ephedrine found in Root
Sparteine found in Root
Varroacide
Oxalic-acid found in Plant
Vasoconstrictor
Ephedrine found in Root
Vulnerary
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant

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Chemicals detected

Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]