Acokanthera schimperi Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
arrow-poison-tree common-poisonbush

Acokanthera schimperi, belonging to the family Apocynaceae, is a small tree native to eastern and central Africa as well as to Yemen.

Acokanthera schimperi

Medical use

Economic importance of Acokanthera schimperi

Medicines source of ouabain
Vertebrate poisons mamals

Gallery

Acokanthera schimperi Acokanthera schimperi

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Djibouti; Eritrea; Ethiopia; Somalia
    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania ; Uganda
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Rwanda; Zaire
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Arabian Peninsula: Yemen

Biological activities

Antiarrhythmic
Ouabain found in Seed (5000 ppm);found in Wood (2000 ppm)
Anticarcinomic
Acovenoside-a found in Seed (17000 ppm)
Antiviral
Ouabain found in Seed (5000 ppm);found in Wood (2000 ppm)
Cardioactive
Acovenoside-a found in Seed (17000 ppm)
Cardiotonic
Ouabain found in Seed (5000 ppm);found in Wood (2000 ppm)
Diuretic
Ouabain found in Seed (5000 ppm);found in Wood (2000 ppm)
Emetic
Ouabain found in Seed (5000 ppm);found in Wood (2000 ppm)
Memorilytic
Ouabain found in Seed (5000 ppm);found in Wood (2000 ppm)

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Acolongifloroside Wood
Acolongifloroside-g Seed 37
Acolongifloroside-h Seed 9,800
Acolongifloroside-h-acetate Seed 240
Acoschimperoxides Wood
Acovenoside-a Seed 3,000 17,000
Ouabain Seed 1,000 5,000
Wood 2,000
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]