Achyranthes bidentata Health effects and herbal facts

Achyranthes bidentata Blume is a species of Achyranthes that grows in India, Nepal, China, and Japan. It is the source of Huái niú xī, a Chinese herbal medicine with anti-inflammatory activities. In Nepal its root juice is used for toothache. Its seeds have been used as a substitute for cereal grains in famine years. The plant is used externally in the treatment of leech bites in Mizoram, India and a decoction as a diuretic.

Achyranthes bidentata

Medical use

Gallery

Achyranthes bidentata Achyranthes bidentata Achyranthes bidentata Achyranthes bidentata Achyranthes bidentata Achyranthes bidentata Achyranthes bidentata Achyranthes bidentata Achyranthes bidentata Achyranthes bidentata

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Cameroon; Equatorial Guinea
    • West Tropical Africa: Nigeria
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Russian Far East: Russian Federation - Primorye
    • China: China - Anhui, Fujian, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hebei, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Sichuan, Xizang, Zhejiang
    • Eastern Asia: Japan - Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku; Korea; Taiwan
    Cultivated
    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Korea
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Native
    • Indian Subcontinent: Bhutan; India; Nepal; Pakistan; Sri Lanka
    • Indo-China: Laos; Myanmar; Thailand; Vietnam
    • Malesia: Indonesia; Malaysia; Papua New Guinea; Philippines
    Cultivated
    • Indian Subcontinent: Nepal
    • Indo-China: Vietnam
  • PACIFIC
    Native
    • Southwestern Pacific: Solomon Islands

Biological activities

ACE-Inhibitor
Zinc found in Root (51 ppm)
Abortifacient
Betaine found in Root
Inokosterone found in Root
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
Anabolic
Inokosterone found in Root
Analeptic
Gaba found in Root
Analgesic
Ecdysterone found in Root
Inokosterone found in Root
Zinc found in Root (51 ppm)
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Potassium found in Root (20000 ppm)
Anorexic
Arsenic found in Root (0.26 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Root (51 ppm)
AntiCFS
Magnesium found in Root (5730 ppm)
AntiHIV
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
Zinc found in Root (51 ppm)
AntiLyme
Magnesium found in Root (5730 ppm)
AntiMS
Magnesium found in Root (5730 ppm)
AntiPGE2
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
AntiPMS
Calcium found in Root (52200 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (5730 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (66 ppm)
AntiTGF-beta
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
Antiacne
Zinc found in Root (51 ppm)
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Root (51 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Antiaggregant
Magnesium found in Root (5730 ppm)
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Root (180 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Magnesium found in Root (5730 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (66 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (51 ppm)
Antiallergic
Calcium found in Root (52200 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
Antialopecic
Zinc found in Root (51 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Zinc found in Root (51 ppm)
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Antianemic
Copper found in Root (11 ppm)
Iron found in Root (180 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (66 ppm)
Antianginal
Magnesium found in Root (5730 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Zinc found in Root (51 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Root (5730 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Root (51 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Root (52200 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (5730 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Root (52200 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (5730 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
Potassium found in Root (20000 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Calcium found in Root (52200 ppm)
Copper found in Root (11 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (5730 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (66 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (51 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Magnesium found in Root (5730 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Calcium found in Root (52200 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (5730 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
Antibacterial
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
Anticanker
Iron found in Root (180 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (51 ppm)
Anticarcinomic
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
Anticariogenic
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
Anticataract
Zinc found in Root (51 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Gaba found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (5730 ppm)
Anticerebrotic
Gaba found in Root
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Root (180 ppm)
Antichoreic
Gaba found in Root
Anticlimacteric
Calcium found in Root (52200 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (5730 ppm)
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Root (51 ppm)
Anticold
Zinc found in Root (51 ppm)
Anticolitic
Zinc found in Root (51 ppm)
Anticomplement
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
Anticonvulsant
Gaba found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (5730 ppm)
Anticoronary
Magnesium found in Root (5730 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (51 ppm)
Antidandruff
Zinc found in Root (51 ppm)
Antidementia
Zinc found in Root (51 ppm)
Antidepressant
Calcium found in Root (52200 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (5730 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (20000 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Copper found in Root (11 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (5730 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (66 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (51 ppm)
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Root (66 ppm)
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Root (51 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Manganese found in Root (66 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Magnesium found in Root (5730 ppm)
Antieczemic
Zinc found in Root (51 ppm)
Antiedemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
Antiencephalopathic
Zinc found in Root (51 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Magnesium found in Root (5730 ppm)
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Root (5730 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Magnesium found in Root (5730 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (66 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (51 ppm)
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Antifatigue
Copper found in Root (11 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (5730 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (20000 ppm)
Antifeedant
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Root (5730 ppm)
Antifibrotic
Zinc found in Root (51 ppm)
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Root (51 ppm)
Antigastritic
Betaine found in Root
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Root (5730 ppm)
Antigingivitic
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
Antiglaucomic
Magnesium found in Root (5730 ppm)
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Antihangover
Zinc found in Root (51 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
Stigmasterol found in Root
Antihomocystinuric
Betaine found in Root
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Root (52200 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (5730 ppm)
Antihyperlipidemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Antihypertensive
Calcium found in Root (52200 ppm)
Gaba found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (5730 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (20000 ppm)
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Root (5730 ppm)
Antiimpotence
Zinc found in Root (51 ppm)
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Root (51 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Zinc found in Root (51 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Copper found in Root (11 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (5730 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
Stigmasterol found in Root
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Root (52200 ppm)
Gaba found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (5730 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (51 ppm)
Antiischemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
Antilepric
Zinc found in Root (51 ppm)
Antilethargic
Gaba found in Root
Antileukemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Root (51 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
Antilithic
Magnesium found in Root (5730 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Zinc found in Root (51 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Zinc found in Root (51 ppm)
Antimalarial
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Root (5730 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Calcium found in Root (52200 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (5730 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Root (180 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Zinc found in Root (51 ppm)
Antimigraine
Magnesium found in Root (5730 ppm)
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Root (5730 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Antimyoatrophic
Betaine found in Root
Antinephritic
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Root (5730 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Zinc found in Root (51 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Root (5730 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Copper found in Root (11 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Root
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Root (51 ppm)
Antiobesity
Calcium found in Root (52200 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (51 ppm)
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Stigmasterol found in Root
Antiosteoporotic
Calcium found in Root (52200 ppm)
Copper found in Root (11 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (5730 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (66 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (51 ppm)
Antiototic
Manganese found in Root (66 ppm)
Antioxidant
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Manganese found in Root (66 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
Stigmasterol found in Root
Antiperiodontic
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
Antiperiodontitic
Calcium found in Root (52200 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (51 ppm)
Antiperoxidant
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
Antiplaque
Magnesium found in Root (5730 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
Zinc found in Root (51 ppm)
Antiplasmodial
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Root (51 ppm)
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Zinc found in Root (51 ppm)
Antipyretic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Root (5730 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Calcium found in Root (52200 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (51 ppm)
Antisarcomic
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
Antiseptic
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
Zinc found in Root (51 ppm)
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Root (51 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Magnesium found in Root (5730 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (20000 ppm)
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Root (5730 ppm)
Antistomatitic
Zinc found in Root (51 ppm)
Antistress
Calcium found in Root (52200 ppm)
Gaba found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (5730 ppm)
Antistroke
Magnesium found in Root (5730 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (20000 ppm)
Antisyndrome-X
Magnesium found in Root (5730 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (66 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (51 ppm)
Antitic
Calcium found in Root (52200 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Gaba found in Root
Zinc found in Root (51 ppm)
Antitriglyceride
Zinc found in Root (51 ppm)
Antitumor
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
Antiulcer
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
Zinc found in Root (51 ppm)
Antiviral
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
Stigmasterol found in Root
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Root (52200 ppm)
Gaba found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (5730 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (20000 ppm)
Apoptotic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Stigmasterol found in Root
Astringent
Zinc found in Root (51 ppm)
Beta-Blocker
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
Potassium found in Root (20000 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
Bruchiphobe
Betaine found in Root
CNS-Depressant
Magnesium found in Root (5730 ppm)
CNS-Inhibitor
Gaba found in Root
COX-2-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
Calcium-Antagonist
Magnesium found in Root (5730 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Root (52200 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
Stigmasterol found in Root
Candidicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Cardioprotective
Betaine found in Root
Copper found in Root (11 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (5730 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
Potassium found in Root (20000 ppm)
Cardiotonic
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Root (20000 ppm)
Cardiovascular
Gaba found in Root
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Collagenic
Zinc found in Root (51 ppm)
Contraceptive
Copper found in Root (11 ppm)
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Root (51 ppm)
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
Deodorant
Zinc found in Root (51 ppm)
Diuretic
Betaine found in Root
Calcium found in Root (52200 ppm)
Gaba found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (5730 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
Potassium found in Root (20000 ppm)
Elastase-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
Emmenagogue
Betaine found in Root
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Root (51 ppm)
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Stigmasterol found in Root
Ethanolytic
Betaine found in Root
Expectorant
Betaine found in Root
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Hepatoprotective
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Betaine found in Root
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
Hypertensive
Sodium found in Root (198 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Calcium found in Root (52200 ppm)
Copper found in Root (11 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (5730 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Root
Hypoglycemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Manganese found in Root (66 ppm)
Hypolipemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Hypotensive
Calcium found in Root (52200 ppm)
Gaba found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (5730 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
Potassium found in Root (20000 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (51 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Copper found in Root (11 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (5730 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
Zinc found in Root (51 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Zinc found in Root (51 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Zinc found in Root (51 ppm)
Insulinogenic
Magnesium found in Root (5730 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (51 ppm)
Juvabional
Ecdysterone found in Root
Inokosterone found in Root
Laxative
Calcium found in Root (52200 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (5730 ppm)
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Root (51 ppm)
Leucocytogenic
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
Lipotropic
Betaine found in Root
Litholytic
Magnesium found in Root (5730 ppm)
Mucogenic
Betaine found in Root
Zinc found in Root (51 ppm)
Myorelaxant
Magnesium found in Root (5730 ppm)
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
Zinc found in Root (51 ppm)
Neuroinhibitor
Gaba found in Root
Neurotoxic
Gaba found in Root
Neurotransmitter
Gaba found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (5730 ppm)
Ovulant
Stigmasterol found in Root
Pesticide
Arsenic found in Root (0.26 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Betaine found in Root
Ecdysterone found in Root
Zinc found in Root (51 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
Piscicide
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
Prooxidant
Iron found in Root (180 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
Proteinogenic
Ecdysterone found in Root
Inokosterone found in Root
Schizophrenigenic
Copper found in Root (11 ppm)
Sedative
Gaba found in Root
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
Stigmasterol found in Root
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Spermigenic
Zinc found in Root (51 ppm)
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Root (51 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Root (52200 ppm)
Gaba found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (5730 ppm)
Trichomonicide
Zinc found in Root (51 ppm)
Ubiquiot
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Root (5730 ppm)
Uterotonic
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
Vasodilator
Calcium found in Root (52200 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (5730 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (20000 ppm)
Vasopressor
Oleanolic-acid found in Fruit
Vulnerary
Zinc found in Root (51 ppm)

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Arsenic Root 0.26
Beta-sitosterol Root
Beta-sitosterol-glycoside Root
Betaine Root
Calcium Root 1,130 52,200
Copper Root 6 11
Ecdysterone Root
Gaba Root
Inokosterone Root
Iron Root 150 180
Magnesium Root 1,440 5,730
Manganese Root 40 66
Oleanolic-acid Fruit
Ponasteroside-a Root
Potassium Root 5,000 20,000
Potassium-oxalate Root
Potassium-succinate Root
Sodium Root 133 198
Stigmasterol Root
Stigmasterol-glycoside Root
Zinc Root 16 51
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]