Acacia senegal Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
gum-arabic gum-arabic-tree kher Senegal-gum Sudan gum-arabic three-thorn acacia
Acacia senegal

Medical use

Economic importance of Acacia senegal

Bee plants honey production
Environmental boundary/barier/suport ornamental soil improver
Human food gum/mucilage
Fuels charcoal
Materials gum/resin
Medicines folklore

Gallery

Acacia senegal Acacia senegal Acacia senegal Acacia senegal Acacia senegal Acacia senegal Acacia senegal Acacia senegal

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Chad; Ethiopia; Somalia; Sudan
    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Cameroon; Rwanda; Zaire
    • West Tropical Africa: Cote D'Ivoire; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
    • South Tropical Africa: Angola; Mozambique; Zambia; Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: Botswana; Namibia; South Africa - KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North West; Swaziland
    Cultivated
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Chad; Sudan
    • West Tropical Africa: Nigeria
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Arabian Peninsula: Oman
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Native
    • Indian Subcontinent: India; Pakistan
    Cultivated
    • Indian Subcontinent: India

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
ATPase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Aggregant
Sucrose found in Plant
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Allelochemic
Quercetin found in Plant
Allergenic
Quercetin found in Plant
Analgesic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Beta-amyrin found in Bark
Quercetin found in Plant
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Octacosanol found in Plant
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Fiber found in Fruit (390000 ppm);found in Leaf (112000 ppm);found in Seed (137000 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Anthelmintic
Tannin found in Plant
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
AntiAddisonian
Cysteine found in Plant
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Magnesium found in Plant
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
AntiGTF
Quercetin found in Plant
AntiHIV
Betulin found in Flower ;found in Root
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Magnesium found in Plant
AntiMS
Magnesium found in Plant
AntiPMS
Calcium found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Leaf (13200 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiaflatoxin
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiaggregant
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Magnesium found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antialcoholic
Magnesium found in Plant
Antiallergic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Calcium found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Leaf (13200 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antialzheimeran
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antianaphylactic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antianginal
Magnesium found in Plant
Antiangiogenic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Plant
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Leaf (13200 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Leaf (13200 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant
Potassium found in Plant
Antiarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Calcium found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Leaf (13200 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiasthmatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Hcn found in Plant
Magnesium found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiatherosclerotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Calcium found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Leaf (13200 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antibacterial
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Antibiotic
Cysteine found in Plant
Anticancer
Kaempferol found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Anticarcinomic
Betulin found in Flower ;found in Root
Anticariogenic
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Anticataract
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Cysteine found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Plant
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Calcium found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Leaf (13200 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Anticolitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Anticomplementary
Quercetin found in Plant
Anticonvulsant
Magnesium found in Plant
Anticoronary
Magnesium found in Plant
Anticystitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Anticytotoxic
Cysteine found in Plant
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Antidementia
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Calcium found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Leaf (13200 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant
Potassium found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antidermatitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antidiabetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Fiber found in Fruit (390000 ppm);found in Leaf (112000 ppm);found in Seed (137000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antidiarrheic
Tannin found in Plant
Antidote
Hcn found in Plant
Antidysenteric
Tannin found in Plant
Antidysmenorrheic
Magnesium found in Plant
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Beta-amyrin found in Bark
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antielastase
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiencephalopathic
Leucine found in Plant
Valine found in Plant
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Magnesium found in Plant
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Plant
Antiepileptic
Magnesium found in Plant
Antiescherichic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Magnesium found in Plant
Potassium found in Plant
Antifeedant
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Betulin found in Flower ;found in Root
Quercetin found in Plant
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Plant
Antifibrosarcomic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Antiflu
Betulin found in Flower ;found in Root
Quercetin found in Plant
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Antigastric
Quercetin found in Plant
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Plant
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Magnesium found in Plant
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antigonadotropic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Antihepatitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Glucuronic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antihiccup
Sucrose found in Plant
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antihydrophobic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Leaf (13200 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antihypertensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Calcium found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Leaf (13200 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (390000 ppm);found in Leaf (112000 ppm);found in Seed (137000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant
Potassium found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Plant
Antiimplantation
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antiinfertility
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Antiinflammatory
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Beta-amyrin found in Bark
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Betulin found in Flower ;found in Root
Kaempferol found in Plant
Magnesium found in Plant
N-hentriacontane found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Leaf (13200 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant
Antileishmanic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Antileukemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antileukotriene
Quercetin found in Plant
Antilipolytic
Tannin found in Plant
Antilipoperoxidant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Magnesium found in Plant
Antilymphocytic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antimaculitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Antimalarial
Quercetin found in Plant
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Plant
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Antimelanomic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Calcium found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Leaf (13200 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant
Antimetastatic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Magnesium found in Plant
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Plant
Antimorphinic
Aspartic-acid found in Plant
Antimutagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
N-nonacosane found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Antimyocarditic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antinephritic
Tannin found in Plant
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Plant
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Plant
Antinitrosaminic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Antinociceptive
Beta-amyrin found in Bark
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Calcium found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Leaf (13200 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (390000 ppm);found in Leaf (112000 ppm);found in Seed (137000 ppm)
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Antiophthalmic
Cysteine found in Plant
Sucrose found in Plant
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Calcium found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Leaf (13200 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant
Phosphorus found in Leaf (1400 ppm);found in Seed (3100 ppm)
Antioxidant
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Cysteine found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Sucrose found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Uvaol found in Bark
Antipancreatitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiparkinsonian
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Octacosanol found in Plant
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Antiperiodontal
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiperiodontic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Calcium found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Leaf (13200 ppm)
Antiperistaltic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipermeability
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiperoxidant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipharyngitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiplaque
Kaempferol found in Plant
Magnesium found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiplasmodial
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipneumonic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipolio
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiproliferant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiproliferative
Uvaol found in Bark
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiprostanoid
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipsoriac
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiradicular
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Antirenitic
Tannin found in Plant
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Plant
Antiretinotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Antirheumatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Calcium found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Leaf (13200 ppm)
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Antiseptic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antiserotonin
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Antispasmodic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Magnesium found in Plant
Potassium found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Plant
Antistaphylococcic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antistreptococcic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Calcium found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Leaf (13200 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant
Antistroke
Magnesium found in Plant
Potassium found in Plant
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Magnesium found in Plant
Antithiamin
Quercetin found in Plant
Antithrombic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antitic
Calcium found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Leaf (13200 ppm)
Antitrypanosomic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antitumor-Promoter
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Antitumor
Betulin found in Flower ;found in Root
Cysteine found in Plant
Fiber found in Fruit (390000 ppm);found in Leaf (112000 ppm);found in Seed (137000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Antitussive
Hcn found in Plant
Antiulcer
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Beta-amyrin found in Bark
Cysteine found in Plant
Fiber found in Fruit (390000 ppm);found in Leaf (112000 ppm);found in Seed (137000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Antiviral
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Betulin found in Flower ;found in Root
Kaempferol found in Plant
Octacosanol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Leaf (13200 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant
Phosphorus found in Leaf (1400 ppm);found in Seed (3100 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant
Aphidifuge
Betulin found in Flower ;found in Root
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Atherogenic
Sucrose found in Plant
Bacteristat
Quercetin found in Plant
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Fruit (390000 ppm);found in Leaf (112000 ppm);found in Seed (137000 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Bradycardiac
Quercetin found in Plant
Bronchosedative
Hcn found in Plant
CNS-Depressant
Magnesium found in Plant
CNS-Stimulant
COMT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
COX-2-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Magnesium found in Plant
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Leaf (13200 ppm)
Calmodulin-Antagonist
Quercetin found in Plant
Cancer-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Cysteine found in Plant
Fiber found in Fruit (390000 ppm);found in Leaf (112000 ppm);found in Seed (137000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Serine found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Candidicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Capillariprotective
Quercetin found in Plant
Carcinogenic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Cardioprotective
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Fiber found in Fruit (390000 ppm);found in Leaf (112000 ppm);found in Seed (137000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant
Potassium found in Plant
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Plant
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Catabolic
Quercetin found in Plant
Chelator
Tannin found in Plant
Choleretic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Collyrium
Sucrose found in Plant
Convulsant
Copper-Chelator
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Cosmetic
N-hentriacontane found in Leaf
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Cytotoxic
Betulin found in Flower ;found in Root
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Uvaol found in Bark
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Demulcent
Sucrose found in Plant
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Cysteine found in Plant
Glucuronic-acid found in Plant
Differentiator
Quercetin found in Plant
Diuretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Calcium found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Leaf (13200 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (390000 ppm);found in Leaf (112000 ppm);found in Seed (137000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Magnesium found in Plant
N-hentriacontane found in Leaf
Potassium found in Plant
Essential
Leucine found in Plant
Valine found in Plant
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
FLavor
Valine found in Plant
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Flatugenic
Sucrose found in Plant
Fungicide
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Gastroprotective
Beta-amyrin found in Bark
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Glutathionergic
Cysteine found in Plant
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Hallucinogenic
Dimethyltryptamine found in Leaf (30 ppm);found in Plant
Hemostat
Quercetin found in Plant
Hepatomagenic
Quercetin found in Plant
Hepatoprotective
Beta-amyrin found in Bark
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Hypercholesterolemic
Sucrose found in Plant
Hypertensive
Dimethyltryptamine found in Leaf (30 ppm);found in Plant
Sodium found in Plant
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Calcium found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Leaf (13200 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (390000 ppm);found in Leaf (112000 ppm);found in Seed (137000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant
Octacosanol found in Plant
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Hypolipemic
Betulin found in Flower ;found in Root
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Octacosanol found in Plant
Hypotensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Calcium found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Leaf (13200 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (390000 ppm);found in Leaf (112000 ppm);found in Seed (137000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Magnesium found in Plant
Potassium found in Plant
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Fruit (390000 ppm);found in Leaf (112000 ppm);found in Seed (137000 ppm)
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Immunomodulator
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Magnesium found in Plant
Immunostimulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Phosphorus found in Leaf (1400 ppm);found in Seed (3100 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Tannin found in Plant
Inotropic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Insecticide
Hcn found in Plant
Insulinogenic
Magnesium found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
JNK-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Juvabional
Quercetin found in Plant
Larvicide
Beta-amyrin found in Bark
Larvistat
Quercetin found in Plant
Laxative
Calcium found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Leaf (13200 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (390000 ppm);found in Leaf (112000 ppm);found in Seed (137000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Uvaol found in Bark
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Litholytic
Magnesium found in Plant
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
MAO-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Quercetin found in Plant
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Mosquitocide
Beta-amyrin found in Bark
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Mutagenic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Mydriatic
Dimethyltryptamine found in Leaf (30 ppm);found in Plant
Myorelaxant
Magnesium found in Plant
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
NEP-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
NO-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Natriuretic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Neuroexcitant
Aspartic-acid found in Plant
Neuroprotective
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Neurotoxic
Dimethyltryptamine found in Leaf (30 ppm);found in Plant
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Plant
Ophthalmic-Antialkali
Cysteine found in Plant
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Leaf (1400 ppm);found in Seed (3100 ppm)
P450-Inducer
Quercetin found in Plant
P450-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
PAF-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
PGE2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
PTK-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Pesticide
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Cysteine found in Plant
Hcn found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Plasmodicide
Quercetin found in Plant
Preservative
Sucrose found in Plant
Proliferant
Quercetin found in Plant
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Betulin found in Flower ;found in Root
Quercetin found in Plant
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Protisticide
Kaempferol found in Plant
Psychotropic
Tannin found in Plant
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Respirastimulant
Hcn found in Plant
Roborant
Aspartic-acid found in Plant
Rodenticide
Hcn found in Plant
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Stimulant
Octacosanol found in Plant
Sweetener
Sucrose found in Plant
Sympathomimetic
Dimethyltryptamine found in Leaf (30 ppm);found in Plant
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Teratologic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Betulin found in Flower ;found in Root
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Leaf (13200 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant
Triglycerigenic
Sucrose found in Plant
Tumorigenic
Quercetin found in Plant
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Ubiquiot
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Uricogenic
Sucrose found in Plant
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Plant
Uterotrophic
Kaempferol found in Plant
VEGF-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Vasodilator
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Calcium found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Leaf (13200 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (390000 ppm);found in Leaf (112000 ppm);found in Seed (137000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Magnesium found in Plant
Potassium found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Vasomotor-Stimulant
Hcn found in Plant
Vulnerary
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant
Sucrose found in Plant
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
iNOS-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
4-methoxyglucuronic-acid Plant
Arabic-acid Plant
Arabinose Plant
Ascorbic-acid Plant
Ash Fruit 71,000
Leaf 84,000
Seed 58,000
Aspartic-acid Plant
Beta-amyrin Bark
Beta-sitosterol Plant
Beta-sitosterol-3-o-beta-d-glucoside Flower
Beta-sitosterol-d-glucoside Plant
Betulin Flower
Root
Calcium Leaf 7,500
Leaf 13,200
Carbohydrates Fruit 699,000
Leaf 667,000
Seed 491,000
Ceryl-alcohol Root
Cysteine Plant
D-galactose Plant
D-glucoside Plant
D-pinitol Leaf
Dimethyltryptamine Leaf 30
Plant
Erythrodiol Plant
Fat Fruit 10,000
Seed 58,000
Leaf 67,000
Fiber Fruit 390,000
Leaf 112,000
Seed 137,000
Galactoglucuronic-acid Plant
Glucuronic-acid Plant
Hcn Plant
Hentriacontan-1-ol Leaf
Hentriacontane Plant
Hentriacontanol Plant
Hydrocyanic-acid Plant
Kaempferol Plant
L-arabinose Plant
L-rhamnose Plant
Leucine Plant
Magnesium Plant
N-hentriacontane Leaf
N-nonacosane Leaf
Octacosan-1-ol Bark
Flower
Wood
Octacosanol Plant
Peroxidase Plant
Phosphorus Leaf 1,400
Seed 3,100
Potassium Plant
Quercetin Plant
Rhamnose Plant
Rhamnose-hydrate Plant
Serine Plant
Sitosterol Plant
Sodium Plant
Sucrose Plant
Tannin Plant
Uronic-acid Plant
Uvaol Bark
Valine Plant
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]