Abies balsamea Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
balsam balsam fir Canada balsam eastern fir fir balsam

Abies balsamea or balsam fir is a North American fir, native to most of eastern and central Canada and the northeastern United States.

Abies balsamea

Medical use

Economic importance of Abies balsamea

Environmental ornamental
Materials esential oils fiber gum/resin wod
Medicines folklore
Social religious/secular

Gallery

Abies balsamea Abies balsamea Abies balsamea Abies balsamea Abies balsamea Abies balsamea Abies balsamea Abies balsamea Abies balsamea Abies balsamea Abies balsamea Abies balsamea Abies balsamea Abies balsamea Abies balsamea

Geografical distribution

  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Eastern Canada: Canada - New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec
    • Western Canada: Canada - Alberta, Manitoba, Saskatchewan
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Iowa, Minnesota, Wisconsin
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Virginia

Biological activities

AChE-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Plant (1550 ppm)
Acaricide
Limonene found in Plant (1550 ppm)
Allelochemic
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (5050 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (1550 ppm)
Allelopathic
Camphene found in Plant (950 ppm)
Allergenic
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (5050 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (1550 ppm)
AntiHIV
Betulin found in Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Limonene found in Plant (1550 ppm)
Antiacne
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (5050 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Limonene found in Plant (1550 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Limonene found in Plant (1550 ppm)
Antibacterial
Alpha-phellandrene found in Plant
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (5050 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Plant (2045 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (1550 ppm)
Anticancer
Limonene found in Plant (1550 ppm)
Anticarcinomic
Betulin found in Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf
Antiesophagitic
Limonene found in Plant (1550 ppm)
Antifeedant
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (5050 ppm)
Betulin found in Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf
Bornyl-acetate found in Plant (2045 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (1550 ppm)
Antiflu
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (5050 ppm)
Betulin found in Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf
Limonene found in Plant (1550 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (5050 ppm)
Betulin found in Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf
Limonene found in Plant (1550 ppm)
Antilithic
Limonene found in Plant (1550 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Limonene found in Plant (1550 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Limonene found in Plant (1550 ppm)
Antiobesity
Limonene found in Plant (1550 ppm)
Antioxidant
Camphene found in Plant (950 ppm)
Antipneumonic
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (5050 ppm)
Antiseptic
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (5050 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (1550 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (5050 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Plant (2045 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (1550 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
Alpha-phellandrene found in Plant
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (5050 ppm)
Antitumor
Betulin found in Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf
Limonene found in Plant (1550 ppm)
Antiviral
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (5050 ppm)
Betulin found in Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf
Bornyl-acetate found in Plant (2045 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (1550 ppm)
Aphidifuge
Betulin found in Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf
Apoptotic
Limonene found in Plant (1550 ppm)
Bronchoprotectant
Limonene found in Plant (1550 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (5050 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (1550 ppm)
Mucilage found in Plant
Candidistat
Limonene found in Plant (1550 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Limonene found in Plant (1550 ppm)
Cholesterolytic
Limonene found in Plant (1550 ppm)
Coleoptophile
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (5050 ppm)
Cytotoxic
Betulin found in Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf
Demulcent
Mucilage found in Plant
Dermal
Alpha-phellandrene found in Plant
Detoxicant
Limonene found in Plant (1550 ppm)
Emetic
Alpha-phellandrene found in Plant
Enterocontractant
Limonene found in Plant (1550 ppm)
Expectorant
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (5050 ppm)
Beta-phellandrene found in Gum
Bornyl-acetate found in Plant (2045 ppm)
Camphene found in Plant (950 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (1550 ppm)
FLavor
Alpha-phellandrene found in Plant
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (5050 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Plant (2045 ppm)
Camphene found in Plant (950 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (1550 ppm)
Fungicide
Alpha-phellandrene found in Plant
Beta-phellandrene found in Gum
Fungiphilic
Limonene found in Plant (1550 ppm)
Fungistat
Limonene found in Plant (1550 ppm)
GST-Inducer
Limonene found in Plant (1550 ppm)
Herbicide
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (5050 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (1550 ppm)
Histaminic
Limonene found in Plant (1550 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Mucilage found in Plant
Hypolipemic
Betulin found in Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf
Immunomodulator
Limonene found in Plant (1550 ppm)
Insecticide
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (5050 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (1550 ppm)
Insectifuge
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (5050 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Plant (2045 ppm)
Camphene found in Plant (950 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (1550 ppm)
Insectiphile
Alpha-phellandrene found in Plant
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (5050 ppm)
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Plant (1550 ppm)
Irritant
Alpha-phellandrene found in Plant
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (5050 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (1550 ppm)
Juvabional
Juvabione found in Plant
Laxative
Alpha-phellandrene found in Plant
Lipolytic
Limonene found in Plant (1550 ppm)
Myorelaxant
Bornyl-acetate found in Plant (2045 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (1550 ppm)
NO-Genic
Limonene found in Plant (1550 ppm)
Nematicide
Limonene found in Plant (1550 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Plant (1550 ppm)
Ozone-Scavenger
Limonene found in Plant (1550 ppm)
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (5050 ppm)
P450-Inducer
Limonene found in Plant (1550 ppm)
Perfumery
Alpha-phellandrene found in Plant
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (5050 ppm)
Beta-phellandrene found in Gum
Peristaltic
Limonene found in Plant (1550 ppm)
Pesticide
Alpha-phellandrene found in Plant
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (5050 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Plant (2045 ppm)
Camphene found in Plant (950 ppm)
Juvabione found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant (1550 ppm)
Photosensitizer
Limonene found in Plant (1550 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Betulin found in Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf
Sedative
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (5050 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Plant (2045 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (1550 ppm)
Spasmogenic
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (5050 ppm)
Camphene found in Plant (950 ppm)
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Betulin found in Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Leaf
Tranquilizer
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (5050 ppm)
Transdermal
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (5050 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (1550 ppm)

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
3-carene Plant 720 1,550
4,4-dimethylcyclohept-2-en-1-ol Plant
Abienol Plant
Abieslactone Plant
Alpha-phellandrene Plant
Alpha-pinene Plant 545 5,050
Androl Plant
Beta-phellandrene Gum
Betulin Bark
Twig
Leaf
Bornyl-acetate Plant 950 2,045
Bupleurol Plant
Camphene Plant 440 950
Dehydrojuvabione Plant
Eo Leaf 6,500 14,000
Juvabione Plant
Limonene Plant 720 1,550
Mucilage Plant
Resin Gum
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]