Abelmoschus esculentus Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
gumbo lady's-fingers okra
Abelmoschus esculentus

Medical use

Economic importance of Abelmoschus esculentus

Human food vegetable
Medicines folklore

Gallery

Abelmoschus esculentus Abelmoschus esculentus Abelmoschus esculentus Abelmoschus esculentus Abelmoschus esculentus Abelmoschus esculentus Abelmoschus esculentus Abelmoschus esculentus Abelmoschus esculentus Abelmoschus esculentus Abelmoschus esculentus Abelmoschus esculentus Abelmoschus esculentus Abelmoschus esculentus

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Cultivated
    • Macaronesia: Cape Verde
    • Northern Africa: Egypt
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Chad; Eritrea; Ethiopia; Somalia; Sudan
    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Cameroon; Gabon; Zaire
    • West Tropical Africa: Benin; Burkina Faso; Cote D'Ivoire; Ghana; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria
    • South Tropical Africa: Malawi; Mozambique; Zambia; Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: Botswana; Namibia
    • Western Indian Ocean: Comoros; Madagascar
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Cultivated
    • Arabian Peninsula: Kuwait; Qatar; Saudi Arabia; Yemen
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan; Cyprus; Iran; Jordan; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Japan
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Cultivated
    • Indian Subcontinent: Bangladesh; India; Pakistan; Sri Lanka
    • Indo-China: Myanmar; Thailand
    • Malesia: Malaysia; Philippines
  • EUROPE
    Cultivated
    • Southeastern Europe: Former Yugoslavia; Greece
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Cultivated
    • Mexico
    • United States
  • PACIFIC
    Cultivated
    • Southwestern Pacific: Fiji
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Cultivated
    • Caribbean: Barbados
    • Mesoamerica: Belize; Guatemala
    • Brazil: Brazil

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (89760 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (100190 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (66440 ppm)
Palmitoleic-acid found in Seed (880 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (10120 ppm)
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
ACE-Inhibitor
Gossypetin found in Flower
Gossypol found in Seed (70 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (60 ppm)
ATPase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Absorbent
Starch found in Seed (89200 ppm)
Acaricide
Oxalic-acid found in Fruit (103 ppm)
Acarifuge
Sulfur found in Fruit (1400 ppm)
Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2340 ppm)
Adjuvant
Cystine found in Fruit (1900 ppm)
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2340 ppm)
Gossypetin-8-glucoside found in Flower
Gossypol found in Seed (70 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Allelochemic
Quercetin found in Flower
Allergenic
Citral found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Ethanol found in Fruit
Mufa found in Fruit (1700 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (100 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (100190 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Seed (100190 ppm)
Amebicide
Gossypol found in Seed (70 ppm)
Analgesic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2340 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Thiamin found in Fruit (20 ppm);found in Seed (6.9 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Fruit (1710 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (60 ppm)
Anaphrodisiac
Gossypol found in Seed (70 ppm)
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (150 ppm)
Anemiagenic
Mufa found in Fruit (1700 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (100190 ppm)
Anesthetic
Ethanol found in Fruit
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (150 ppm)
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2340 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (94000 ppm);found in Seed (210200 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (32500 ppm);found in Seed (8200 ppm)
Anhydrotic
Ethanol found in Fruit
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (150 ppm)
AntiADD
Phenylalanine found in Fruit (6500 ppm)
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2340 ppm)
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Fruit (60 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2340 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (6000 ppm)
AntiCRP
Gamma-tocopherol found in Oil (430 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2340 ppm)
AntiCorpus-Luteum
Gossypol found in Seed (70 ppm)
AntiGTF
Quercetin found in Flower
AntiHIV
Gossypol found in Seed (70 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Zinc found in Fruit (60 ppm)
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2340 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (6000 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (100 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (7 ppm);found in Seed (1.4 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (20 ppm);found in Seed (6.9 ppm)
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (89760 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (6000 ppm)
Pufa found in Fruit (2700 ppm)
AntiPMS
Calcium found in Fruit (8100 ppm);found in Seed (2820 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (6000 ppm)
Manganese found in Fruit (100 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
AntiSpina-Bifida
Folacin found in Fruit (10 ppm)
Antiacid
Glycine found in Fruit (4400 ppm)
Antiacne
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (89760 ppm)
Pufa found in Fruit (2700 ppm)
Sulfur found in Fruit (1400 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (60 ppm)
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Fruit (60 ppm)
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Fruit (100 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (150 ppm)
Antiaflatoxin
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiaggregant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2340 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (6000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Salicylates found in Fruit (5 ppm)
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2340 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Fruit (150 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Magnesium found in Fruit (6000 ppm)
Manganese found in Fruit (100 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (20 ppm);found in Seed (6.9 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (60 ppm)
Antialdosteronic
Glycine found in Fruit (4400 ppm)
Antialkalotic
Lysine found in Fruit (8100 ppm)
Antiallergenic
Citral found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antiallergic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2340 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (8100 ppm);found in Seed (2820 ppm)
Citral found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Niacin found in Fruit (100 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Antialopecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (89760 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (100190 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (66440 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (60 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (310 ppm);found in Seed (304 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2340 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (100 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Thiamin found in Fruit (20 ppm);found in Seed (6.9 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (60 ppm)
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Fruit (100 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Citral found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (89760 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (150 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (89760 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (100190 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (66440 ppm)
Antianemic
Copper found in Fruit (9 ppm)
Folacin found in Fruit (10 ppm)
Iron found in Fruit (150 ppm)
Manganese found in Fruit (100 ppm)
Antianginal
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (310 ppm);found in Seed (304 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (6000 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (100 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Quercetin found in Flower
Zinc found in Fruit (60 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Fruit (6000 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (20 ppm);found in Seed (6.9 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Fruit (60 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Fruit (8100 ppm);found in Seed (2820 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (6000 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Fruit (1710 ppm)
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Fruit (7 ppm);found in Seed (1.4 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Fruit (8100 ppm);found in Seed (2820 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (6000 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (32500 ppm);found in Seed (8200 ppm)
Antiarteriosclerotic
Histidine found in Fruit (3100 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (89760 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (310 ppm);found in Seed (304 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2340 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (8100 ppm);found in Seed (2820 ppm)
Copper found in Fruit (9 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (89760 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (6000 ppm)
Manganese found in Fruit (100 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Sulfur found in Fruit (1400 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (60 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (310 ppm);found in Seed (304 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2340 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (6000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiatheromic
Pectin found in Fruit ;found in Seed (21500 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (310 ppm);found in Seed (304 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2340 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (8100 ppm);found in Seed (2820 ppm)
Ethanol found in Fruit
Gamma-tocopherol found in Oil (430 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (6000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Fruit (20 ppm);found in Seed (6.9 ppm)
Antibacterial
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2340 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (150 ppm)
Chlorine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Citral found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Ethanol found in Fruit
Gossypetin found in Flower
Gossypol found in Seed (70 ppm)
Pectin found in Fruit ;found in Seed (21500 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Fruit (20 ppm);found in Seed (6.9 ppm)
Antibiotic
Gossypol found in Seed (70 ppm)
Anticancer
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (310 ppm);found in Seed (304 ppm)
Citral found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Gamma-tocopherol found in Oil (430 ppm)
Gossypol found in Seed (70 ppm)
Anticanker
Iron found in Fruit (150 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (20 ppm);found in Seed (6.9 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (60 ppm)
Anticardiospasmic
Thiamin found in Fruit (20 ppm);found in Seed (6.9 ppm)
Anticariogenic
Quercetin found in Flower
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Fruit (7 ppm);found in Seed (1.4 ppm)
Anticataract
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (310 ppm);found in Seed (304 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2340 ppm)
Gossypetin-8-glucoside found in Flower
Methionine found in Fruit (2100 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (100 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Riboflavin found in Fruit (7 ppm);found in Seed (1.4 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (20 ppm);found in Seed (6.9 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (60 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Fruit (6000 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (7 ppm);found in Seed (1.4 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2340 ppm)
Folacin found in Fruit (10 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (7 ppm);found in Seed (1.4 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Folacin found in Fruit (10 ppm)
Iron found in Fruit (150 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (7 ppm);found in Seed (1.4 ppm)
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Fruit (100 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2340 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (8100 ppm);found in Seed (2820 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (6000 ppm)
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Fruit (60 ppm)
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2340 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (60 ppm)
Anticolitic
Quercetin found in Flower
Thiamin found in Fruit (20 ppm);found in Seed (6.9 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (60 ppm)
Anticomplementary
Quercetin found in Flower
Anticonvulsant
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (310 ppm);found in Seed (304 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (6000 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (100 ppm)
Anticoronary
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (89760 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (6000 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (60 ppm)
Anticystitic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antidandruff
Sulfur found in Fruit (1400 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (60 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2340 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (7 ppm);found in Seed (1.4 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (20 ppm);found in Seed (6.9 ppm)
Antideliriant
Thiamin found in Fruit (20 ppm);found in Seed (6.9 ppm)
Antidementia
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (310 ppm);found in Seed (304 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2340 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (100 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (20 ppm);found in Seed (6.9 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Fruit (1710 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (60 ppm)
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2340 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (8100 ppm);found in Seed (2820 ppm)
Folacin found in Fruit (10 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (6000 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Fruit (6500 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (32500 ppm);found in Seed (8200 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Tryptophan found in Fruit (1710 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Niacin found in Fruit (100 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Antidiabetic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (310 ppm);found in Seed (304 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2340 ppm)
Copper found in Fruit (9 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (94000 ppm);found in Seed (210200 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (6000 ppm)
Manganese found in Fruit (100 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (100 ppm)
Pectin found in Fruit ;found in Seed (21500 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Zinc found in Fruit (60 ppm)
Antidiarrheic
Pectin found in Fruit ;found in Seed (21500 ppm)
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Fruit (100 ppm)
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Fruit (60 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Manganese found in Fruit (100 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Fruit (1710 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Magnesium found in Fruit (6000 ppm)
Antidyspeptic
Thiamin found in Fruit (20 ppm);found in Seed (6.9 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Fruit (100 ppm)
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2340 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (89760 ppm)
Methionine found in Fruit (2100 ppm)
Pufa found in Fruit (2700 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (60 ppm)
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2340 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (150 ppm)
Antielastase
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2340 ppm)
Gossypol found in Seed (70 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiencephalopathic
Arginine found in Fruit (8450 ppm)
Glycine found in Fruit (4400 ppm)
Leucine found in Fruit (10500 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (20 ppm);found in Seed (6.9 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Fruit (8700 ppm)
Valine found in Fruit (9100 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (60 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2340 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (6000 ppm)
Antienteritic
Pectin found in Fruit ;found in Seed (21500 ppm)
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Fruit (6000 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Glutamic-acid found in Fruit (27100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (6000 ppm)
Manganese found in Fruit (100 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (100 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (60 ppm)
Antiescherichic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (150 ppm)
Gossypol found in Seed (70 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2340 ppm)
Copper found in Fruit (9 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (6000 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (32500 ppm);found in Seed (8200 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (20 ppm);found in Seed (6.9 ppm)
Antifeedant
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (150 ppm)
Gossypol found in Seed (70 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (150 ppm)
Gossypol found in Seed (70 ppm)
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (89760 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (66440 ppm)
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Fruit (6000 ppm)
Antifibrosarcomic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2340 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (60 ppm)
Antiflu
Gossypol found in Seed (70 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Fruit (60 ppm)
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2340 ppm)
Pectin found in Fruit ;found in Seed (21500 ppm)
Antigastric
Quercetin found in Flower
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2340 ppm)
Glycine found in Fruit (4400 ppm)
Pectin found in Fruit ;found in Seed (21500 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (20 ppm);found in Seed (6.9 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Fruit (6000 ppm)
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2340 ppm)
Folacin found in Fruit (10 ppm)
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2340 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (6000 ppm)
Antiglossitic
Folacin found in Fruit (10 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (7 ppm);found in Seed (1.4 ppm)
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (150 ppm)
Antigonadotropic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (89760 ppm)
Antigrey
Sulfur found in Fruit (1400 ppm)
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2340 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (100 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (20 ppm);found in Seed (6.9 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (60 ppm)
Antiheartburn
Thiamin found in Fruit (20 ppm);found in Seed (6.9 ppm)
Antihelicobacter
Citral found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2340 ppm)
Phylloquinone found in Plant (0.4 ppm)
Antihepatitic
Arginine found in Fruit (8450 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2340 ppm)
Antihepatotic
Methionine found in Fruit (2100 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2340 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Stigmasterol found in Root (60 ppm)
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2340 ppm)
Chlorine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Citral found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Gossypol found in Seed (70 ppm)
Lysine found in Fruit (8100 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Thiamin found in Fruit (20 ppm);found in Seed (6.9 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2340 ppm)
Citral found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (89760 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (100 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Antihomocystinuric
Cystine found in Fruit (1900 ppm)
Antihydrophobic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Fruit (100 ppm)
Antihyperammonemic
Glutamic-acid found in Fruit (27100 ppm)
Antihypercholesterolemic
Pantothenic-acid found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Fruit (8100 ppm);found in Seed (2820 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (6000 ppm)
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (150 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Arginine found in Fruit (8450 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2340 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (8100 ppm);found in Seed (2820 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (94000 ppm);found in Seed (210200 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (6000 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (32500 ppm);found in Seed (8200 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Tryptophan found in Fruit (1710 ppm)
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Fruit (6000 ppm)
Antiimplantation
Gossypol found in Seed (70 ppm)
Antiimpotence
Arginine found in Fruit (8450 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (60 ppm)
Antiinfarctal
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (310 ppm);found in Seed (304 ppm)
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Fruit (60 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (310 ppm);found in Seed (304 ppm)
Arginine found in Fruit (8450 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2340 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (60 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2340 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (150 ppm)
Citral found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Copper found in Fruit (9 ppm)
Gamma-tocopherol found in Oil (430 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (89760 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (6000 ppm)
Mufa found in Fruit (1700 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (100190 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Salicylates found in Fruit (5 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Root (60 ppm)
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Fruit (8100 ppm);found in Seed (2820 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (6000 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Fruit (1710 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (60 ppm)
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Fruit (100 ppm)
Antiischemic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (310 ppm);found in Seed (304 ppm)
Antikeratitic
Gossypol found in Seed (70 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (7 ppm);found in Seed (1.4 ppm)
Antileishmanic
Citral found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2340 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (60 ppm)
Antileukemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (150 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Fruit (60 ppm)
Antileukotriene-D4
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (89760 ppm)
Mufa found in Fruit (1700 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (100190 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Quercetin found in Flower
Antilipoperoxidant
Quercetin found in Flower
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2340 ppm)
Glutamic-acid found in Fruit (27100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (6000 ppm)
Pectin found in Fruit ;found in Seed (21500 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (150 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (60 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (310 ppm);found in Seed (304 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2340 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (60 ppm)
Antimalarial
Gossypol found in Seed (70 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Antimanic
Tryptophan found in Fruit (1710 ppm)
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Fruit (6000 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2340 ppm)
Antimelanomic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2340 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (8100 ppm);found in Seed (2820 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (6000 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Fruit (1710 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Fruit (150 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (89760 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Pectin found in Fruit ;found in Seed (21500 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Zinc found in Fruit (60 ppm)
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2340 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (6000 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (7 ppm);found in Seed (1.4 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (20 ppm);found in Seed (6.9 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Fruit (1710 ppm)
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Fruit (6000 ppm)
Antimorphinic
Aspartic-acid found in Fruit (14820 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (310 ppm);found in Seed (304 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2340 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (150 ppm)
Gossypetin found in Flower
Pectin found in Fruit ;found in Seed (21500 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Antimyelotoxic
Folacin found in Fruit (10 ppm)
Antimyocarditic
Quercetin found in Flower
Thiamin found in Fruit (20 ppm);found in Seed (6.9 ppm)
Antinephritic
Histidine found in Fruit (3100 ppm)
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Fruit (6000 ppm)
Antinesidioblastosic
Starch found in Seed (89200 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Niacin found in Fruit (100 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (20 ppm);found in Seed (6.9 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2340 ppm)
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Fruit (20 ppm);found in Seed (6.9 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thiamin found in Fruit (20 ppm);found in Seed (6.9 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (310 ppm);found in Seed (304 ppm)
Folacin found in Fruit (10 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (20 ppm);found in Seed (6.9 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (60 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Fruit (6000 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2340 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Copper found in Fruit (9 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Stigmasterol found in Root (60 ppm)
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Fruit (60 ppm)
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2340 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (8100 ppm);found in Seed (2820 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (94000 ppm);found in Seed (210200 ppm)
Pectin found in Fruit ;found in Seed (21500 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (60 ppm)
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (150 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Root (60 ppm)
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2340 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2340 ppm)
Sulfur found in Fruit (1400 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2340 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (8100 ppm);found in Seed (2820 ppm)
Copper found in Fruit (9 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (6000 ppm)
Manganese found in Fruit (100 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Fruit (6300 ppm);found in Seed (7900 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (60 ppm)
Antiototic
Manganese found in Fruit (100 ppm)
Antioxidant
Alanine found in Fruit (7300 ppm)
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (310 ppm);found in Seed (304 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2340 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (150 ppm)
Campesterol found in Fruit (30 ppm)
Citral found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Gamma-tocopherol found in Oil (430 ppm)
Gossypetin found in Flower
Gossypol found in Seed (70 ppm)
Histidine found in Fruit (3100 ppm)
Manganese found in Fruit (100 ppm)
Methionine found in Fruit (2100 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Seed (1540 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (66440 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Riboflavin found in Fruit (7 ppm);found in Seed (1.4 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Root (60 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Fruit (1710 ppm)
Antipancreatitic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiparkinsonian
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (310 ppm);found in Seed (304 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2340 ppm)
Methionine found in Fruit (2100 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (100 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Fruit (6500 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Fruit (1710 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Fruit (8700 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2340 ppm)
Antipellagric
Isoleucine found in Fruit (6900 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (100 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (7 ppm);found in Seed (1.4 ppm)
Antiperiodontal
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2340 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (8100 ppm);found in Seed (2820 ppm)
Folacin found in Fruit (10 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (60 ppm)
Antiperistaltic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antipermeability
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiperoxidant
Quercetin found in Flower
Antipharyngitic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiphenylketonuric
Tryptophan found in Fruit (1710 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Fruit (8700 ppm)
Antiphotophobic
Riboflavin found in Fruit (7 ppm);found in Seed (1.4 ppm)
Antiplaque
Folacin found in Fruit (10 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (6000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Zinc found in Fruit (60 ppm)
Antiplasmodial
Gossypol found in Seed (70 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Antipneumonic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2340 ppm)
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2340 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Antipolio
Quercetin found in Flower
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2340 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (20 ppm);found in Seed (6.9 ppm)
Antipolyneuritic
Pufa found in Fruit (2700 ppm)
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (150 ppm)
Antiprogesterone
Gossypol found in Seed (70 ppm)
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Fruit (60 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Gossypol found in Seed (70 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (150 ppm)
Gamma-tocopherol found in Oil (430 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Fruit (1710 ppm)
Antiprostanoid
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (150 ppm)
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (150 ppm)
Glutamic-acid found in Fruit (27100 ppm)
Glycine found in Fruit (4400 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (89760 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Zinc found in Fruit (60 ppm)
Antiprostatotic
Phytosterols found in Fruit (2400 ppm)
Antipruritic
Ethanol found in Fruit
Glycine found in Fruit (4400 ppm)
Antipsoriac
Quercetin found in Flower
Antipsychotic
Folacin found in Fruit (10 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Fruit (1710 ppm)
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2340 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (150 ppm)
Salicylates found in Fruit (5 ppm)
Antirabies
Gossypol found in Seed (70 ppm)
Antiradicular
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (310 ppm);found in Seed (304 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2340 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiretardation
Glutamic-acid found in Fruit (27100 ppm)
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Fruit (6000 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (310 ppm);found in Seed (304 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2340 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (310 ppm);found in Seed (304 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2340 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (8100 ppm);found in Seed (2820 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Fruit (1710 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (60 ppm)
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2340 ppm)
Antiscoliotic
Tryptophan found in Fruit (1710 ppm)
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2340 ppm)
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Fruit (100 ppm)
Antiseborrheic
Sulfur found in Fruit (1400 ppm)
Antiseptic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2340 ppm)
Chlorine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Citral found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Ethanol found in Fruit
Oxalic-acid found in Fruit (103 ppm)
Sulfur found in Fruit (1400 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (60 ppm)
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2340 ppm)
Antishock
Citral found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antisickling
Glycine found in Fruit (4400 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Fruit (6500 ppm)
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Fruit (60 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2340 ppm)
Citral found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Fruit (6000 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (100 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (32500 ppm);found in Seed (8200 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Fruit (6000 ppm)
Antispermatogenic
Gossypol found in Seed (70 ppm)
Antistomatitic
Gossypol found in Seed (70 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (60 ppm)
Antistreptococcic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2340 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (8100 ppm);found in Seed (2820 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (6000 ppm)
Antistroke
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (310 ppm);found in Seed (304 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (6000 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (32500 ppm);found in Seed (8200 ppm)
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2340 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (6000 ppm)
Manganese found in Fruit (100 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (60 ppm)
Antitestosterone
Gossypol found in Seed (70 ppm)
Antithiamin
Quercetin found in Flower
Antithrombic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antitic
Calcium found in Fruit (8100 ppm);found in Seed (2820 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Fruit (60 ppm)
Antitriglyceride
Zinc found in Fruit (60 ppm)
Antitrypanosomic
Gossypol found in Seed (70 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Antitumor-Promoter
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (310 ppm);found in Seed (304 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Antitumor
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (310 ppm);found in Seed (304 ppm)
Citral found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Fiber found in Fruit (94000 ppm);found in Seed (210200 ppm)
Gamma-tocopherol found in Oil (430 ppm)
Gossypol found in Seed (70 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Antitussive
Pectin found in Fruit ;found in Seed (21500 ppm)
Antiulcer
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2340 ppm)
Citral found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Fiber found in Fruit (94000 ppm);found in Seed (210200 ppm)
Glycine found in Fruit (4400 ppm)
Histidine found in Fruit (3100 ppm)
Pectin found in Fruit ;found in Seed (21500 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Threonine found in Fruit (6500 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Fruit (8700 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (60 ppm)
Antiuremic
Histidine found in Fruit (3100 ppm)
Antiuricosuric
Salicylates found in Fruit (5 ppm)
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Fruit (100 ppm)
Antiviral
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2340 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (150 ppm)
Chlorine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Citral found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Gossypol found in Seed (70 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Stigmasterol found in Root (60 ppm)
Antivitiligic
Phenylalanine found in Fruit (6500 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Fruit (8100 ppm);found in Seed (2820 ppm)
Glutamic-acid found in Fruit (27100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (6000 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Fruit (6300 ppm);found in Seed (7900 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (32500 ppm);found in Seed (8200 ppm)
Aphrodisiac
Arginine found in Fruit (8450 ppm)
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2340 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (150 ppm)
Citral found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (150 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Root (60 ppm)
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2340 ppm)
Astringent
Zinc found in Fruit (60 ppm)
Avicide
Gossypol found in Seed (70 ppm)
Bacteristat
Quercetin found in Flower
Barbituate-Synergist
Citral found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Fruit (94000 ppm);found in Seed (210200 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (32500 ppm);found in Seed (8200 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2340 ppm)
Bradycardiac
Quercetin found in Flower
Bronchorelaxant
Citral found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
CNS-Depressant
Ethanol found in Fruit
Magnesium found in Fruit (6000 ppm)
CNS-Paralytic
Oxalic-acid found in Fruit (103 ppm)
COMT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
COX-2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2340 ppm)
Citral found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Gossypol found in Seed (70 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (6000 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Fruit (8100 ppm);found in Seed (2820 ppm)
Calmodulin-Antagonist
Quercetin found in Flower
Cancer-Preventive
Alanine found in Fruit (7300 ppm)
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (310 ppm);found in Seed (304 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2340 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (150 ppm)
Citral found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Fiber found in Fruit (94000 ppm);found in Seed (210200 ppm)
Glycine found in Fruit (4400 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (89760 ppm)
Methionine found in Fruit (2100 ppm)
Mucilage found in Fruit (6000 ppm)
Mufa found in Fruit (1700 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Seed (1540 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (100 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (100190 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Fruit (24 ppm)
Pectin found in Fruit ;found in Seed (21500 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Riboflavin found in Fruit (7 ppm);found in Seed (1.4 ppm)
Serine found in Fruit (4510 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Root (60 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Fruit (8700 ppm)
Candidicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (150 ppm)
Chlorine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Capillariprotective
Quercetin found in Flower
Carcinogenic
Citral found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (89760 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Tryptophan found in Fruit (1710 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (310 ppm);found in Seed (304 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2340 ppm)
Copper found in Fruit (9 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (94000 ppm);found in Seed (210200 ppm)
Gamma-tocopherol found in Oil (430 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (6000 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (100 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (32500 ppm);found in Seed (8200 ppm)
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Fruit (32500 ppm);found in Seed (8200 ppm)
Caspase-3-Inducer
Citral found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (150 ppm)
Catabolic
Quercetin found in Flower
Chemopreventive
Citral found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Pectin found in Fruit ;found in Seed (21500 ppm)
Choleretic
Mufa found in Fruit (1700 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (100190 ppm)
Circulotonic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (310 ppm);found in Seed (304 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (100 ppm)
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2340 ppm)
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2340 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (60 ppm)
Comedogenic
Sulfur found in Fruit (1400 ppm)
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (89760 ppm)
Contraceptive
Copper found in Fruit (9 ppm)
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Fruit (60 ppm)
Copper-Chelator
Quercetin found in Flower
Cosmetic
Myristic-acid found in Seed (1540 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (10120 ppm)
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Gamma-tocopherol found in Oil (430 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Cytotoxic
Citral found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Gossypol found in Seed (70 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Demulcent
Mucilage found in Fruit (6000 ppm)
Pectin found in Fruit ;found in Seed (21500 ppm)
Deodorant
Zinc found in Fruit (60 ppm)
Dermatitigenic
Mufa found in Fruit (1700 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (100190 ppm)
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2340 ppm)
Differentiator
Quercetin found in Flower
Diuretic
Arginine found in Fruit (8450 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2340 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (8100 ppm);found in Seed (2820 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (94000 ppm);found in Seed (210200 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (6000 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (32500 ppm);found in Seed (8200 ppm)
Emetic
Methionine found in Fruit (2100 ppm)
Emollient
Starch found in Seed (89200 ppm)
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Fruit (60 ppm)
Essential
Histidine found in Fruit (3100 ppm)
Isoleucine found in Fruit (6900 ppm)
Leucine found in Fruit (10500 ppm)
Lysine found in Fruit (8100 ppm)
Methionine found in Fruit (2100 ppm)
Threonine found in Fruit (6500 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Fruit (1710 ppm)
Valine found in Fruit (9100 ppm)
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (150 ppm)
Citral found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower
Stigmasterol found in Root (60 ppm)
Expectorant
Citral found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Ethanol found in Fruit
FLavor
Citral found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Mufa found in Fruit (1700 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (100190 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (66440 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (10120 ppm)
Threonine found in Fruit (6500 ppm)
Valine found in Fruit (9100 ppm)
Fatal
Oxalic-acid found in Fruit (103 ppm)
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (150 ppm)
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Fruit (100 ppm)
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2340 ppm)
Fungicide
Chlorine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Citral found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Gossypol found in Seed (70 ppm)
Pectin found in Fruit ;found in Seed (21500 ppm)
Phylloquinone found in Plant (0.4 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Glaucomagenic
Citral found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Glutathionigenic
Citral found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Methionine found in Fruit (2100 ppm)
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (150 ppm)
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Hematopoietic
Folacin found in Fruit (10 ppm)
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (66440 ppm)
Hemostat
Pectin found in Fruit ;found in Seed (21500 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Hemostatic
Oxalic-acid found in Fruit (103 ppm)
Hepatomagenic
Quercetin found in Flower
Hepatoprotective
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (150 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (89760 ppm)
Methionine found in Fruit (2100 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (100 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Hepatotoxic
Ethanol found in Fruit
Gossypol found in Seed (70 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (100 ppm)
Herbicide
Citral found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Hypercholesterolemic
Myristic-acid found in Seed (1540 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (66440 ppm)
Hyperglycemic
Salicylates found in Fruit (5 ppm)
Hypertensive
Ethanol found in Fruit
Sodium found in Fruit (1000 ppm)
Hypnotic
Ethanol found in Fruit
Tryptophan found in Fruit (1710 ppm)
Hypoammonemic
Arginine found in Fruit (8450 ppm)
Hypoarginanemic
Lysine found in Fruit (8100 ppm)
Hypocalcemic
Ethanol found in Fruit
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2340 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (150 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (8100 ppm);found in Seed (2820 ppm)
Campesterol found in Fruit (30 ppm)
Copper found in Fruit (9 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (94000 ppm);found in Seed (210200 ppm)
Gamma-tocopherol found in Oil (430 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (89760 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (6000 ppm)
Mucilage found in Fruit (6000 ppm)
Mufa found in Fruit (1700 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (100 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (100190 ppm)
Pectin found in Fruit ;found in Seed (21500 ppm)
Phytosterols found in Fruit (2400 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (10120 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Root (60 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2340 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (150 ppm)
Manganese found in Fruit (100 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (100 ppm)
Pectin found in Fruit ;found in Seed (21500 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Salicylates found in Fruit (5 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Fruit (1710 ppm)
Hypokalemic
Gossypol found in Seed (70 ppm)
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (150 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (100 ppm)
Hypotensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2340 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (8100 ppm);found in Seed (2820 ppm)
Ethanol found in Fruit
Fiber found in Fruit (94000 ppm);found in Seed (210200 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (6000 ppm)
Phylloquinone found in Plant (0.4 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (32500 ppm);found in Seed (8200 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Fruit (1710 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (60 ppm)
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Fruit (94000 ppm);found in Seed (210200 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (310 ppm);found in Seed (304 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2340 ppm)
Copper found in Fruit (9 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (89760 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (6000 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (60 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2340 ppm)
Gossypol found in Seed (70 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Fruit (6300 ppm);found in Seed (7900 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (60 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Zinc found in Fruit (60 ppm)
Inotropic
Quercetin found in Flower
Insectifuge
Gossypol found in Seed (70 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (89760 ppm)
Mufa found in Fruit (1700 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (100190 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (20 ppm);found in Seed (6.9 ppm)
Insulinase-Inhibitor
Tryptophan found in Fruit (1710 ppm)
Insulinogenic
Magnesium found in Fruit (6000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Zinc found in Fruit (60 ppm)
Insulinotonic
Tryptophan found in Fruit (1710 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2340 ppm)
Gossypol found in Seed (70 ppm)
Irritant
Isobutyl-alcohol found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Mufa found in Fruit (1700 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (100190 ppm)
Oxalic-acid found in Fruit (103 ppm)
Juvabional
Quercetin found in Flower
Keratolytic
Sulfur found in Fruit (1400 ppm)
Larvicide
Gossypol found in Seed (70 ppm)
Larvistat
Quercetin found in Flower
Laxative
Calcium found in Fruit (8100 ppm);found in Seed (2820 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (94000 ppm);found in Seed (210200 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (6000 ppm)
Sulfur found in Fruit (1400 ppm)
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Fruit (60 ppm)
Libidolytic
Gossypol found in Seed (70 ppm)
Lipotropic
Methionine found in Fruit (2100 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Gossypetin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2340 ppm)
Litholytic
Magnesium found in Fruit (6000 ppm)
Lubricant
Myristic-acid found in Seed (1540 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (66440 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (10120 ppm)
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Quercetin found in Flower
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (89760 ppm)
Monoamine-Precursor
Phenylalanine found in Fruit (6500 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Fruit (1710 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Fruit (8700 ppm)
Mucogenic
Zinc found in Fruit (60 ppm)
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2340 ppm)
Mucotropic
Ethanol found in Fruit
Mutagenic
Gossypol found in Seed (70 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Myorelaxant
Citral found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Fruit (6000 ppm)
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
NEP-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Citral found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower
Zinc found in Fruit (60 ppm)
NO-Genic
Arginine found in Fruit (8450 ppm)
NO-Inhibitor
Citral found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Gamma-tocopherol found in Oil (430 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Narcotic
Isobutyl-alcohol found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Natriuretic
Gamma-tocopherol found in Oil (430 ppm)
Nematicide
Citral found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (89760 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Seed (1540 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (66440 ppm)
Nematistat
Gossypol found in Seed (70 ppm)
Neuroexcitant
Aspartic-acid found in Fruit (14820 ppm)
Neuroinhibitor
Glycine found in Fruit (4400 ppm)
Neurolytic
Ethanol found in Fruit
Neuroprotective
Quercetin found in Flower
Thiamin found in Fruit (20 ppm);found in Seed (6.9 ppm)
Neurotoxic
Glutamic-acid found in Fruit (27100 ppm)
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Fruit (6000 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Fruit (6300 ppm);found in Seed (7900 ppm)
Ovulant
Stigmasterol found in Root (60 ppm)
Oxidant
Alanine found in Fruit (7300 ppm)
Histidine found in Fruit (3100 ppm)
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Citral found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
P450-Inducer
Quercetin found in Flower
P450-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
PGE2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
PKC-Inhibitor
Gamma-tocopherol found in Oil (430 ppm)
PTK-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Paralytic
Gossypol found in Seed (70 ppm)
Parasiticide
Sulfur found in Fruit (1400 ppm)
Percutaneostimulant
Mufa found in Fruit (1700 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (100190 ppm)
Perfumery
Citral found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Mufa found in Fruit (1700 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (100190 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (10120 ppm)
Peristaltic
Pectin found in Fruit ;found in Seed (21500 ppm)
Pesticide
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2340 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (150 ppm)
Chlorine found in Plant (410 ppm)
Citral found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Ethanol found in Fruit
Gossypetin found in Flower
Gossypol found in Seed (70 ppm)
Oxalic-acid found in Fruit (103 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (66440 ppm)
Pectin found in Fruit ;found in Seed (21500 ppm)
Phylloquinone found in Plant (0.4 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Sulfur found in Fruit (1400 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (20 ppm);found in Seed (6.9 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (60 ppm)
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Pigment
Gossypetin found in Flower
Pituitary-Stimulant
Arginine found in Fruit (8450 ppm)
Plasmodicide
Quercetin found in Flower
Poultice
Starch found in Seed (89200 ppm)
Prolactinogenic
Tryptophan found in Fruit (1710 ppm)
Proliferant
Quercetin found in Flower
Prooxidant
Iron found in Fruit (150 ppm)
Propecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (89760 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (100190 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (66440 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (10120 ppm)
Prostaglandigenic
Gossypol found in Seed (70 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Gossypol found in Seed (70 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Prostatitigenic
Citral found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Renotoxic
Oxalic-acid found in Fruit (103 ppm)
Roborant
Aspartic-acid found in Fruit (14820 ppm)
Rubefacient
Ethanol found in Fruit
Scabicide
Sulfur found in Fruit (1400 ppm)
Schizophrenigenic
Copper found in Fruit (9 ppm)
Sclerosant
Ethanol found in Fruit
Sedative
Citral found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Niacin found in Fruit (100 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Root (60 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Fruit (1710 ppm)
Serotoninergic
Niacin found in Fruit (100 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Fruit (1710 ppm)
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (66440 ppm)
Palmitoleic-acid found in Seed (880 ppm)
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (150 ppm)
Gossypol found in Seed (70 ppm)
Spermigenic
Arginine found in Fruit (8450 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (60 ppm)
Suppository
Stearic-acid found in Seed (10120 ppm)
Surfactant
Ethanol found in Fruit
Sweetener
Galactose found in Fruit (4800 ppm)
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Teratogenic
Citral found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Ethanol found in Fruit
Teratologic
Quercetin found in Flower
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Fruit (60 ppm)
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Gossypol found in Seed (70 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Toxic
Gossypol found in Seed (70 ppm)
Phylloquinone found in Plant (0.4 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Fruit (8100 ppm);found in Seed (2820 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (6000 ppm)
Tremorigenic
Phenylalanine found in Fruit (6500 ppm)
Tremorilytic
Ethanol found in Fruit
Trichomonicide
Citral found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Zinc found in Fruit (60 ppm)
Trypanocide
Citral found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Tumor-Promoter
Tryptophan found in Fruit (1710 ppm)
Tumorigenic
Gossypol found in Seed (70 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Citral found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Ubiquiot
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (150 ppm)
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit (150 ppm)
Ethanol found in Fruit
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2340 ppm)
Folacin found in Fruit (10 ppm)
Glycine found in Fruit (4400 ppm)
Salicylates found in Fruit (5 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2340 ppm)
Urine-Acidifier
Methionine found in Fruit (2100 ppm)
Urine-Deodorant
Methionine found in Fruit (2100 ppm)
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Fruit (6000 ppm)
VEGF-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Varroacide
Oxalic-acid found in Fruit (103 ppm)
Vasodilator
Arginine found in Fruit (8450 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2340 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (8100 ppm);found in Seed (2820 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (94000 ppm);found in Seed (210200 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (6000 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (100 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (32500 ppm);found in Seed (8200 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Vulnerary
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (2340 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (60 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Folacin found in Fruit (10 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
iNOS-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
12,13-epoxyoleic-acid Seed
2-o-(d-galactopyranosyluronic-acid)-l-rhamose Fruit
3,5,3'',4',5-pentahydroxy-7-methoxyflavonol-5'-diglucoside Flower
3-methyl-1-butanol Fruit
4-o-beta-d-galactopyranosyl-d-galactose Fruit
9-hexadecenoic-acid Seed
Alanine Fruit 730 7,300
Alpha-terpenyl-acetate Leaf
Alpha-tocopherol Oil 310
Seed 304
Arabinose Fruit 180
Arginine Fruit 840 8,450
Ascorbic-acid Fruit 130 2,340
Ash Fruit 7,000 70,000
Seed 47,400
Aspartic-acid Fruit 1,450 14,820
Beta-sitosterol Fruit 150
Calcium Fruit 810 8,100
Seed 2,100 2,820
Campesterol Fruit 30
Carbohydrate Fruit 76,300 760,000
Chlorine Plant 410
Citral Fruit
Leaf
Copper Fruit 1 9
Cyanidin-3-glucoside-4'-glucoside Flower
Cyanidin-3-sambubioside Flower
Cyanidin-4'-glucoside Flower
Cyclohexanol Fruit
Cystine Fruit 180 1,900
Ethanol Fruit
Fat Fruit 1,000 10,000
Seed 160,000 220,000
Fiber Fruit 9,400 94,000
Seed 210,200
Flavonoids Flower 4,800 25,000
Folacin Fruit 0.7 10
Galactose Fruit 4,800
Galacturonic-acid Fruit 360
Gamma-tocopherol Oil 430
Glutamic-acid Fruit 2,710 27,100
Glycine Fruit 440 4,400
Gossypetin Flower
Gossypetin-3-glucoside-8-rhamnoglucoside Flower
Gossypetin-8-glucoside Flower
Gossypetin-8-rhamnoglucoside Flower
Gossypol Seed 32 70
Histidine Fruit 310 3,100
Iron Fruit 8 150
Isobutyl-alcohol Fruit
Leaf
Isoleucine Fruit 550 6,900
Kilocalories Fruit 180 3,800
Leucine Fruit 1,050 10,500
Linoleic-acid Seed 32,575 89,760
Lysine Fruit 810 8,100
Magnesium Fruit 380 6,000
Manganese Fruit 10 100
Methionine Fruit 210 2,100
Mucilage Fruit 6,000
Mufa Fruit 170 1,700
Myristic-acid Seed 360 1,540
Niacin Fruit 10 100
Oleic-acid Seed 43,920 100,190
Oxalic-acid Fruit 8 103
P-tolualdehyde Fruit
Palmitic-acid Seed 33,920 66,440
Palmitoleic-acid Seed 730 880
Pantothenic-acid Fruit 2 24
Pectin Fruit
Seed 21,500
Pentosans Seed 142,700
Phenylalanine Fruit 650 6,500
Phosphorus Fruit 630 6,300
Seed 7,900
Phylloquinone Plant 0.4
Phytate Fruit 50 2,900
Phytosterols Fruit 240 2,400
Potassium Fruit 2,200 32,500
Seed 8,200
Proline Fruit 450 14,930
Protein Fruit 2,000 122,000
Seed 193,800 200,600
Pufa Fruit 270 2,700
Quercetin Flower
Quercetin-3-diglucoside Flower
Quercetin-3-triglucoside Flower
Quercetin-4'-diglucoside Flower
Quercetin-4'-glucoside Flower
Quercetin-5-glucoside Flower
Quercetin-5-rhamnoglucoside Flower
Quercetin-7-glucoside Flower
Rhamnose Fruit 600
Riboflavin Fruit 0.6 7
Seed 1.4
Salicylates Fruit 5
Serine Fruit 440 4,510
Sfa Fruit 260 2,600
Sodium Fruit 10 1,000
Starch Seed 89,200
Stearic-acid Seed 7,200 10,120
Stigmasterol Root 60
Sugar Seed 40,300
Sulfur Fruit 140 1,400
Thiamin Fruit 0.8 20
Seed 6.9
Threonine Fruit 650 6,500
Tryptophan Fruit 170 1,710
Tyrosine Fruit 480 8,700
Valine Fruit 910 9,100
Vit-b-6 Fruit 2 22
Water Fruit 880,000 895,000
Seed 98,900
Zinc Fruit 6 60
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]