Plants with Rubefacient ethnobotanical use

6244
Christmastree, European silver fir, silver fir, white fir
10582
5584
baby wood-rose, elephant-climber, elephant-creeper, elephant-vine, silken-cord, silver-morning-glory, wood-rose, woolly-morning-glory
28889
plume-poppy, tree celandine
23998
black mustard
3370
bird pepper, capsicum, hot pepper, red chili, spur pepper, Tabasco pepper
34211
camphor, camphor-laurel, camphortree, Japanese camphor, Japanese camphortree
45283
lemon
9879
old-man's-beard, traveler's-joy
31368
cocoyam, dasheen, eddo, elephant's-ear, taro
18006
arugula, edible rocket, garden rocket, Italian cress, rocket, rocket-salad, Roman rocket, rugula, salad rocket
37822
checkerberry, creeping wintergreen, mountain-tea, teaberry, wintergreen
5966
garden cress, pepperwort, tongue cress, town cress
22558
arrowroot, maranta, West Indian arrowroot
15750
myrtle
32223
Algerian oregano, European oregano, Greek oregano, oregano, pot marjoram, Russian oregano, wild marjoram, wintersweet
32223
Algerian oregano, European oregano, Greek oregano, oregano, pot marjoram, Russian oregano, wild marjoram, wintersweet
32223
Algerian oregano, European oregano, Greek oregano, oregano, pot marjoram, Russian oregano, wild marjoram, wintersweet
32223
Algerian oregano, European oregano, Greek oregano, oregano, pot marjoram, Russian oregano, wild marjoram, wintersweet
32223
Algerian oregano, European oregano, Greek oregano, oregano, pot marjoram, Russian oregano, wild marjoram, wintersweet
20293
alligator-pear, avocado, avocado-pear, Guatemalan avocado, lowland avocado, Mexican avocado, Trapp avocado, West Indian avocado
8899
dwarf mountain pine, mountain pine, mugo pine, scrub mountain pine, Swiss mountain pine
48218
longleaf pine, longleaf yellow pine, pitch pine, southern pine, southern yellow pine
15634
chir pine, longleaf Indian pine
35720
rosemary
16170
sassafras, silky sassifras, white sassafras
8299
white mustard
44562
clove, cloves, clovetree
37843
common thyme, English thyme, garden thyme, thyme
31268
red-squill, sea-onion, sea-squill, squill
5444
common verbena, common vervain, European vervain, herb-of-the-cross, holywort, official vervain, peristerion-wort, pigeon's-grass, simpler's-joy, turkey-grass, vervain, wild verbena